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Naughty but Nice

Naughty but Nice(1939)

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teaser Naughty but Nice (1939)

One Warner Bros. career ended while another rose in Naughty But Nice (1939), a light-hearted musical that spelled the end of Dick Powell's contract as a boy crooner and the start of Ann Sheridan's rise to the top as the studio?s resident "Oomph" girl. And if the film reflected none of the melancholy of Powell's fall from grace but all of the energy of Sheridan's growing presence, credit Ray Enright, one of Warner's most dependable directors of the '30s.

Powell had come to Warner Bros. from a career as a big band vocalist, making his screen debut appropriately enough as a singer mixed up with gossip columnist Lee Tracy in Warner's Blessed Event (1932). He became a star when he sang love songs to Ruby Keeler in a series of Busby Berkeley musicals including 42nd Street, Gold Diggers of 1933 and Footlight Parade (all 1933). By the late ?30s, however, his star had begun to fall as audiences tired of the studio's backstage musicals. Naughty But Nice was his last film under contract to Warner Bros., and his role as a small-town music composer whose songs are stolen by a group of Tin Pan Alley types showed how resistant Warners was to changing his image. Tired of typecasting, he refused to sign a new contract with the studio, which retaliated by putting his last film there on the shelf. Powell would bounce back in 1945, when he reinvented himself as a tough leading man in the classic film noir Murder, My Sweet.

What prompted Warners to release Naughty But Nice a year later was the growing publicity for the film's second female lead, Ann Sheridan, cast as the sexy songbird who helps steal Powell's songs and tries to take him from his lyricist-girlfriend, Gale Page. Sheridan had been as green as they come when she arrived in Hollywood in 1933, one of six winners of Paramount Pictures' "Search for Beauty" contest. She learned fast and was the only contest winner to last longer than six months at the studio. Working her way through small roles and low-budget films, she picked up enough camera savvy to land a contract with Warner Bros. in 1936. She was gradually moving into better roles there when gossip columnist Walter Winchell labeled a publicity shot of her "umphy." Warner's publicity head Bob Taplinger changed the spelling and staged an "Oomph Dinner" at which a group of journalists and Warners employees officially voted her "The Oomph Girl." Warners took advantage of the publicity by finally releasing Naughty But Nice, with Sheridan promoted to star billing. For her part, Sheridan was grateful for the chance to play better roles, but never quite understood the label. As she told film historian John Kobal (People Will Talk), "it always reminded me of a fat man bending down to tie his shoelaces."

That Naughty But Nice survived its life on the shelf and late release, was due largely to Enright's breezy direction. The one-time editor and gag man for Mack Sennett had helped make hits out of Dames and Twenty Million Sweethearts (both 1934; both starring Powell). Unlike Powell, Enright survived the decline of the Warners musical by moving into action films, eventually signing with Universal, where he directed John Wayne, Randolph Scott and Marlene Dietrich in the 1942 re-make of The Spoilers.
Naughty But Nice is a treat for fans of the studio's contract players, featuring memorable bits by Allen Jenkins, Maxie Rosenbloom and the young Ronald Reagan. Mystery fans will get a special charge out of the casting of Helen Broderick and ZaSu Pitts as Powell's supportive aunts. Each had previously played Stuart Palmer's crime-solving school teacher Hildegarde Withers. Broderick was the first to succeed Miss Wither's original interpreter, Edna Mae Oliver, when she starred in Murder on a Bridle Path (1936), while Pitts finished out the series in Forty Naughty Girls (1937).

Director: Ray Enright
Producer: Samuel Bischoff
Screenplay: Richard Macaulay, Jerry Wald
Based on the Story "Always Leave Them Laughing" by Macaulay and Wald
Cinematography: Arthur Todd
Art Direction: Max Parker
Music: Leo F. Forbstein
Principal Cast: Ann Sheridan (Zelda Manion), Dick Powell (Prof. Hardwick), Gale Page (Linda McKay), Helen Broderick (Aunt Martha), Allen Jenkins (Joe Dirk), ZaSu Pitts (Aunt Penelope), Ronald Reagan (Ed Clark).
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By Frank Miller

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teaser Naughty but Nice (1939)

It was the end of one era and the start of another when Dick Powell made the last film under his original Warner Bros. contract, only to have top billing go to rising star Ann Sheridan, the "Oomph Girl." Although Powell had starred in some of the studio's biggest musical hits of the '30s, including 42nd Street and Gold Diggers of 1933 (both 1933), the big backstage musical was out of fashion as his studio contract wound down. When he declined to sign a new contract unless the studio gave him more diverse roles, they burned off his original obligation with this tale of a college music professor appalled when his serious compositions are turned into swing hits. Warner's disliked the film so much, they shelved it. But then they started giving second female lead Sheridan, as a singer trying to vamp Powell away from lyricist sweetheart Gail Page, the star push, pitching her as the sexiest thing on screen since the last sexiest thing on screen. So they released the film with Sheridan, clearly a supporting player, top billed. Fortunately, the film moved quickly, thanks to director Ray Enright, and some featured strong character turns by Helen Broderick, ZaSu Pitts, Allen Jenkins and Jerry Colonna.

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