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William Corcoran's novel was published as a serial in Cosmopolitan under the title Trail Street. RKO sound man Jean L. Speak's name was incorrectly listed as James L. Speak in the opening credits. As depicted in the film, Kansas became a wheat producing state after a heat resistant strain was introduced to the land. The strain, which was brought in by Mennonite settlers, was called Turkey Red. The real Bat Masterson was the sheriff of Dodge City from 1877 to 1879. After he was voted out of office, he went to Tombstone, AZ, with Wyatt Earp, but returned to Dodge City in 1883 to help gambler friend Luke Short fight local reformers in the "Dodge City War." From then until the end of the century, Masterson was a professional gambler in Colorado. As depicted in the film, Masterson aspired to a writing career and, at the end of his life, became a drama critic and sports reporter in New York. For more information about Masterson, for the 1943 United Artists release The Woman of the Town.
According to Hollywood Reporter news items, Barbara Hale and Lawrence Tierney were first cast as the picture's stars. Lee Frederick, an ex-serviceman and a former pitcher for the Chicago Cubs, was announced as a cast member in Hollywood Reporter, but his participation in the final film has not been confirmed. In August 1946, Hollywood Reporter announced that five hundred extras had been hired for the fight scene between the farmers and the trail riders. The Liberal, KS premiere featured a four-mile parade with twelve bands, Indians from the Annadarko reservation, soldiers from Fort Riley, as well as cowboys, stagecoaches and other western regalia. Modern sources note that the film made $365,000 at the box office.