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Ever in My Heart

Ever in My Heart(1933)

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teaser Ever in My Heart (1933)

During World War I, a woman suspects her husband of being a German spy in Ever in My Heart (1933). Barbara Stanwyck and Otto Kruger play the married couple in question and the story was written by historian/scenarist Beulah Marie Dix, who had founded the Famous Players-Lasky screenplay department with William DeMille, brother of Cecil B. DeMille, in 1916.

This film was one of five movies that Stanwyck made for Warners over a period of eighteen months. The actress would look back on this period eight years later and, according to Axel Madsen in the biography Stanwyck, "have little use for Ever in My Heart and other "women programmers" of the deep Depression years. "Only once did I seem to be setting into a groove and that was in the days when I was under regular contract at Warners," she would say in 1944 when she was the highest-paid woman in the United States. "I played a series of parts that were much alike - women who were suffering and poor, and living amid sloppy surroundings."

Director: Archie Mayo
Screenplay: Bertram Milhauser (screenplay & story); Beulah Marie Dix (story)
Cinematography: Arthur Todd
Art Direction: Anton Grot
Film Editing: Owen Marks
Cast: Barbara Stanwyck (Mary Archer Wilbrandt), Otto Kruger (Hugo Wilbrandt), Ralph Bellamy (Jeff), Ruth Donnelly (Lizzie, the housekeeper), Laura Hope Crews (Grandma Caroline Archer), Frank Albertson (Sam Archer), Ronnie Cosby (Teddy 'Sonny' Wilbrandt), Clara Blandick (Anna, the cook), Willard Robertson (Kennel Caretaker), Nella Walker (Cousin Martha Sewell), Harry Beresford (Eli, the gardener)

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Ever in My Heart (1933)

Movies of the early thirties are often remembered for the pre-code titillation that outraged enough moral watchdogs that the industry opted for self-censorship to keep full censorship at bay. But it was also a time when the movies took more risks with subject matter, addressing social issues that, later, the studios would shy away from. Barbara Stanwyck was no stranger to either of those, the titillation or the heavy subject matter, and her 1933 film, Ever in My Heart, released shortly after her career making Baby Face, covered both.

Ever in My Heart took on the topic of nationalism and xenophobia at a time when the world itself was witnessing nationalistic surges and revolutions throughout the European and Asian continents. It managed to be both hard-hitting and entertaining, mixing together social commentary with suspense and intrigue.

The movie begins at the home of the Archers, a family so prominent the town is practically owned and run by them and even bears their name. Mary Archer (Stanwyck) awaits the return of her cousin and beau, Jeff (Ralph Bellamy) from Europe. He's brought a friend with him from Germany, Hugo (Otto Kruger), and when he introduces Hugo to Mary, it's clear the two fall instantly for each other. Of course, Jeff being Jeff (and Ralph Bellamy being Ralph Bellamy), he's happy for them and seems resigned to the fact that he didn't get the girl (Bellamy started down this road early). Mary and Hugo fall in love, get married, and celebrate Hugo becoming an American citizen. He gets a job teaching at the local college and all seems well for the new couple. That is, until World War I begins, the Lusitania gets sunk by a German U-boat, and German-Americans become the unspoken enemy in the neighborhood.

Suddenly Mary's friends get headaches when they're supposed to stop by for bridge. Hugo's friends who were supposed to play tennis with him back out at the last minute. And Mary's own brother, Sam (Frank Albertson), who's been living at their house, packs his bags and leaves. He won't live with a German anymore. In one well observed moment early on, Mary calls herself a German-American. When Sam sneers that she sounds proud to be a "hyphenate" she shoots back, "Good Lord, Sam, if we say we're American you hit the ceiling!" Damned if you do, damned if you don't. When Hugo returns, Sam says he's leaving because he's an American. Hugo says, "Well so am I." Sam stares back in anger and then storms out.

From there, things get worse, though that may sound hard to believe. The movie moves into a full commentary on World War I, nationalistic pride and loyalty, and the dangers of xenophobia. Within just a few years, the very same movie would have been unthinkable as Europe advanced to war, once again, with Germany again playing the role of antagonist.

Director Archie Mayo keeps things moving at a steady pace like all the masters of the studio era trained in assembly line filmmaking. At a mere 68 minutes, it doesn't spend a lot of time on wasted dialogue or superfluous scenes. It's a lean, pared down drama that works, not because of anything Mayo does stylistically but rather for what he doesn't do. What he doesn't do is get in the way. Hollywood product like this needed a steady hand, a manager more than director, someone to tell the cameraman where to point the camera, the actors where to stand, and yell "action" and "cut" at the appropriate time.

The cast is uniformly good. Otto Kruger is excellent as Hugo and would go on to many acclaimed supporting roles throughout his career. Ralph Bellamy, the actor who would become famous for not getting the girl, loses the girl here within the first five minutes. He shows back up later in the war section of the movie and rekindles his romance with Mary. He was a fine actor and though he wouldn't have much of a lead career, he did have the occasional triumph, most notably his turn as FDR in Sunrise at Campobello (1960).

Stanwyck herself became a huge star and left such movies, often derisively called "weepers" or "women's programmers", behind. Later in her career, she seemed to dismiss such efforts but artists are notoriously bad at recognizing their own best work. Some of Stanwyck's finest performances come from these early pictures and Ever in My Heart is no exception. It even contains a risqu moment, much like the ones that made Stanwyck a pre-code poster girl. In one scene, Stanwyck and Kruger spend the night together in Europe, the scene fading up on the two getting dressed, she by the window, he buttoning his shirt while sitting at the foot of the bed.

Ever in My Heart has fallen into obscurity but deserves a revival of interest. It covers difficult subject matter in a surprisingly straightforward and honest manner and though its story takes place during World War I, it has much to say about some of the very things that affect so many people today, all over the world. It remains relevant and most importantly, remains one of Barbara Stanwyck's best early efforts.

Producer: Hal B. WallisDirector: Archie MayoWriter: Bertram Millhauser (screenplay), Beulah Marie Dix (story)Original Music: Bernhard KaunCinematography: Arthur Todd Film Editor: Owen Marks Cast: Barbara Stanwyck (Mary Archer Wilbrandt), Otto Kruger (Hugo Wilbrandt), Ralph Bellamy (Jeff), Ruth Donnelly (Lizzie, the Housekeeper), Laura Hope Crews (Grandma Caroline Archer), Frank Albertson (Sam Archer), Ronnie Cosby (Teddy 'Sonny' Wilbrandt), Clara Blandick (Anna, the Cook), Willard Robertson (Kennel Caretaker), Nella Walker (Cousin Martha Sewell), Harry Beresford (Eli, the Gardener), Virginia Howell (Cousin Serena Honeywell)

By Greg Ferrara

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