TCM Archive Materials VIEW ALL ARCHIVES (7)
|Also Known As:||Died:||September 28, 2003|
|Born:||September 7, 1909||Cause of Death:||natural causes|
|Birth Place:||Turkey||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
After brief stay in Berlin, immigrated to the USA with parents
Raised in New York
Theatrical debut as stage manager and understudy for the Theater Guild production, "The Pure in Heart" in Baltimore, Maryland
Apprenticed with Group Theater
Broadway acting debut, "Men in White"
Film acting debut in the short "Cafe Universal"
Co-directed and acted in the experimental short film, "Pie in the Sky"; wife Molly Day Thatcher also directed a segment
Was a member of the Communist Party
Appeared on Broadway in Group Theatre production of Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty"
Directed short documentary "People of the Cumberland"
Played Eddie Fusseli in the Group Theatre production of Odets' "Golden Boy"
Stage directing debut with "Casey Jones"
Feature film acting debut in "City for Conquest", playing a neighborhood tough-turned-gangster opposite James Cagney
Group Theater folded
Broadway directing debut, Thornton Wilder's "The Skin of Our Teeth"
Feature film directing debut with "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn"
Co-founded (with Cheryl Crawford, Robert Lewis and Lee Strasberg) Actors Studio
Directed seminal Broadway productions of Arthur Miller's "All My Sons" (for which he won his first Tony) and Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"
Won Best Director Oscar on first-ever nomination for "Gentleman's Agreement"; film also won Best Picture
Helmed the Broadway production of Miller's "Death of a Salesman"; received second Tony Award
"Panic in the Streets" marked his passage to a more ambitiously cinematic phase
Received Oscar nomination as Best Director for "A Streetcar Named Desire"
Directed "Viva Zapata!", written by John Steinbeck and starring Marlon Brando
Testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee and named eight former colleagues (including Odets and actress Paula Strasberg) as dangerous Communist infiltrators
Directed overtly anti-Communist film, "Man on a Tightrope", starring Fredric March
Took home second Oscar as director of "On the Waterfront", written by fellow "name-dropper" Budd Schulberg
Staged the premiere of Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" on Broadway; exercised much influence over the final draft
Produced first film "East of Eden"; also directed; adapted by Paul Osborn from the Steinbeck novel; picked up fourth Oscar nomination as Best Director
Collaborated with Tennessee Williams on "Baby Doll"
Reunited with Schulberg for "A Face in the Crowd"
Appointed to develop and run the new Lincoln Center Repertory Theater
Received acclaim for producing and directing "J.B.", Archibald MacLeish's retelling of the biblical story of Job
After trying for some time to write a screenplay about the TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority), turned ideas over to Osborn who scripted "Wild River", directed by Kazan
Helmed "Splendor in the Grass" from an Oscar-winning original screenplay by William Inge
Nominated for three Oscars--Best Director, Best Picture (as producer) and Best Screenplay--for "America, America", based on his uncle's life
Directed Miller's "After the Fall" for inaugural season of Lincoln Center Repertory Theater; production starred second wife Barbara Loden playing a thinly disguised Marilyn Monroe
Bombed with "The Arrangement", film version of his own best-selling novel
Accused of union-busting on "The Visitors", a family-affair (son Chris wrote and produced), low-budget picture shot in and around Kazan's home turf of Newton, CT; film reportedly cost $150,000, of which the non-union actors (including James Woods and Steve Railsback) received a total of $1,200; put on "unfair" list of Screen Actors Guild
Directed last feature film to date, "The Last Tycoon", adapted from the unfinished F. Scott Fitzgerald novel by Harold Pinter
Subject of French documentary "Elia Kazan, Outsider"
Published memoirs "Elia Kazan: A Life"
Turned up in a surprising role as Captain of Fishing Boat in foreign film "Sis", directed by Omer Zulfi Livanelli
Subject of documentary "Elia Kazan: A Director's Journey" (AMC), produced by long-time friend Julian Schlossberg
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