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|Also Known As:||Died:||February 22, 2002|
|Born:||September 21, 1912||Cause of Death:||congestive heart failure|
|Birth Place:||Spokane, Washington, USA||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Grew up in Southern California
As a child, worked as an extra in silent movies shot near his home
After art school, found work in a commercial art studio
Hired as a cel-washer by the Ub Iwerks Studio which was then producing Flip the Frog cartoons
Worked successively as a cel painter, cel inker and in-betweener (assistant animator) before being fired by Iwerks
Worked briefly for producers Charles Mintz and subsequently Walter Lantz
Rehired by the Iwerks Studio; soon fired by Iwerks' secretary, Dorothy Webster (whom Jones would marry in 1935)
Worked as a seaman on a large schooner which caught fire
Moved to a "bohemian" section of Los Angeles and worked as a puppeteer and portrait artist ($1 per picture)
Dorothy Webster obtained a job for Jones as an in-betweener at Leon Schlesinger Productions (date approximate)
Promoted to animator
Assigned with animator Bob Clampett to director Tex Avery's unit at the bungalow nicknamed "Termite Terrace" on the Warner Brothers lot
Shared animator credit with Clampett on "Gold Diggers of '49", the first cartoon helmed by Avery at Warner Brothers
Briefly loaned out with Clampett to Iwerks to work as (uncredited) co-directors on two cartoons in the Gabby Goat series
Became Clampett's animator when Clampett was promoted to director
On the recommendation of Harry Bender, Schlesinger's assistant, promoted to director after Frank Tashlin left the studio
Directing debut, "The Night Watchman"
Introduced Sniffles, a cute little mouse, in "Naughty But Mice"; Jones' first original character
Directed "Prest-o Change-o", the second appearance of the prototype Bugs Bunny as a magician's rabbit who bedazzles the Two Curious Puppies
Directed his first cartoon featuring Porky Pig, the patriotic "Old Glory"; marked the character's first appearance in color; notable as the studio's first completely serious cartoon
Directed the third cartoon featuring the prototypical Bugs Bunny, "Elmer's Candid Camera"; most important for its revision of the character of Elmer Fudd
Collaborated with Theodor Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) on a WWII series of instructional cartoons starring Private Snafu
Became deeply involved in the animators' strike at the Walt Disney studio
Based the staging of his animated short "Conrad the Sailor" on the writings of Soviet filmmaker/theoretician Sergei Eisenstein
Directed "The Dover Boys", an influential Warner Brothers cartoon that influenced the style, method and timing for the acclaimed cartoons to follow from UPA (United Productions of America) in the 1940s and 50s
Working nights without compensation, directed "Hell Bent for Election" in support of Franklin D Roosevelt's re-election; the first full-length UPA short; worked with a crew of other moonlighters
Introduced the amorous French skunk Pepe Le Pew in "Odor-able Kitty"
Began publishing articles on the art of animation (date approximate)
Conducted art classes for his crew
Began his most productive era as a Warner Brothers animation director
Introduced the Little Man from Mars (aka Commander X-2; aka Marvin the Martian) in "Haredevil Hare"
Directed the landmark cartoon "Fast and Furry-ous" which introduced the Road Runner and (subsequently named Wile E.) Coyote, his most successful Warners creations
Directed Pepe Le Pew in "For Scent-imental Reasons", the second Warners cartoon to win the Oscar for best animated short subject
Directed and co-scripted (with Friz Freleng) "So Much for So Little", an animated documentary short on the importance of sanitation and health services commissioned by the Public Health Service; first cartoon to win the Oscar for best documentary short subject
Directed one of his most celebrated cartoons, "Duck Amuck", in which Daffy Duck is tormented by a (mostly) off-screen animator
Directed the classic Cold War satire, "Duck Dodgers in the 24 1/2 Century", starring Daffy, Porky and the Little Man from Mars
Directed the only "3-D" Warner Brothers cartoon, "Lumberjack Rabbit"
Left Warners for a period when Jack Warner--thinking that "3-D" would sweep the industry and drive up costs--closed the animation unit
Worked briefly as a gag writer at Walter Lantz Studio
Worked for four months at the Walt Disney Studio after Jack Warner temporarily closed the animation unit at Warner Brothers; worked uncredited on Disney's "Sleeping Beauty"
Directed his most celebrated "one-shot" cartoon, "One Froggy Evening", an unsettling allegory about a singing frog
Directed "What's Opera, Doc?", an acclaimed parodic condensation of Wagner's 14-hour "Der Ring des Nibelungen" into a classic six-minute cartoon
Feature screenwriting debut (with wife Dorothy Webster Jones), wrote screenplay for the UPA feature "Gay Purr-ee"
Established an independent production company, Chuck Jones Enterprises
Formed Tower 12 Productions (with producer Les Goldman)
Hired by MGM to produce a new series of Tom and Jerry cartoons
Tower 12 Productions absorbed by MGM and renamed MGM Animation/Visual Arts Department
Named head of department
Feature debut as producer-director, "The Phantom Tollbooth" (also co-wrote screenplay; directed animated sequences with Abe Levitow)
Named vice president in charge of Children's Programming at ABC
Co-directed (with Phil Monroe) and co-scripted (with Michael Maltese) "The Bugs Bunny/Road-Runner Movie"
Served as an uncredited creative assistant on Steven Spielberg's "1941"
Made a cameo appearance as Mr. Jones in Joe Dante's "Gremlins"
Made a cameo appearance as a supermarket customer in Dante's "Innerspace"
Served as an animation consultant on Robert Zemeckis' "Who Framed Roger Rabbit"
Worked as an animation writer and director for a sequence in Dante's "Gremlins 2: The New Batch" (also made a cameo appearance)
"What's Opera, Doc?" selected for inclusion in the Library of Congress' National Film Registry
Served as animation director on the Robocat sequence of the comedy fantasy "Stay Tuned"
Profiled in the feature-length documentary "The Magical World of Chuck Jones" directed by George Daugherty and featuring interviews with the likes of Spielberg, Dante, George Lucas, Matt Groening and Friz Freleng
Signed a deal with Warner Bros. to produce and direct animated shorts featuring "classic" (as well as possibly new) Warners characters for theatrical release
Produced and directed "Chariots of Fur", his first short under his deal at Warners (released with the feature "Richie Rich")
Subject of a career retrospective at NYC's American Museum of the Moving Image entitled "Chuck Amuck: The Cartoons of Chuck Jones"
Received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Served as a creative consultant on the animated title sequence of "Four Rooms", a comedy anthology feature
Created new cartoon character Thomas T Wolk (aka Timber Wolf) for Warner Bros. Online and the Internet site Entertaindom; with partner Stephen Fossati, created 13 short films featuring the character
Was subject of TV documentary "Chuck Jones: Extremes and In-Betweens, A Life in Animation" (PBS)
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