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Also Known As: Isaac Lee Hayes Jr. Died: August 10, 2008
Born: August 20, 1942 Cause of Death: stroke
Birth Place: Covington, Tennessee, USA Profession: singer, songwriter, actor, arranger, music producer

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Perhaps no other songwriter and musician summed up soul, R&B and funk than Isaac Hayes. Once dubbed "Black Moses," Hayes emerged from being a sideman and songwriter for Stax Records to become the embodiment of early 1970s soul music. After introducing himself with the jazz-influenced Presenting Isaac Hayes, Hayes became a top-selling artist with Hot Buttered Soul and an Academy Award winner for his theme song to the revered blaxploitation flick, "Shaft" (1971). But once he reached the mid-1970s, Hayes' success on the charts began to wan, eventually forcing him into bankruptcy. Though he tried several times to churn out another top album - even to the point of embracing disco - Hayes never again saw one of his albums crack the Top 20. He did, however, find a vibrant second career in films and on television, appearing in small roles in "Escape from New York" (1981), "Dead Aim" (1987) and "I'm Gonna Git You Sucka" (1988). Hayes attracted a new generation of fans by voicing Chef on the popular animated comedy, "South Park" (Comedy Central, 1997- ), though he was forced to leave in 2006 after creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone lampooned Scientology, his chosen religion since 1995. But in the end, Hayes...

Perhaps no other songwriter and musician summed up soul, R&B and funk than Isaac Hayes. Once dubbed "Black Moses," Hayes emerged from being a sideman and songwriter for Stax Records to become the embodiment of early 1970s soul music. After introducing himself with the jazz-influenced Presenting Isaac Hayes, Hayes became a top-selling artist with Hot Buttered Soul and an Academy Award winner for his theme song to the revered blaxploitation flick, "Shaft" (1971). But once he reached the mid-1970s, Hayes' success on the charts began to wan, eventually forcing him into bankruptcy. Though he tried several times to churn out another top album - even to the point of embracing disco - Hayes never again saw one of his albums crack the Top 20. He did, however, find a vibrant second career in films and on television, appearing in small roles in "Escape from New York" (1981), "Dead Aim" (1987) and "I'm Gonna Git You Sucka" (1988). Hayes attracted a new generation of fans by voicing Chef on the popular animated comedy, "South Park" (Comedy Central, 1997- ), though he was forced to leave in 2006 after creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone lampooned Scientology, his chosen religion since 1995. But in the end, Hayes was largely remembered for his lush, funk soul music, which gained the admiration of later musicians from all genres, from rock-n-roll to rap to R&B.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Kill Switch (2008)
2.
 Soul Men (2008)
3.
 Kill Switch (2008)
4.
 Hustle & Flow (2005) Cast
5.
 BOOK OF DAYS (2003) Jonah Parks
6.
 Only the Strong Survive (2002) Himself
7.
 Dr. Dolittle 2 (2001) Voice Of Possum
8.
 Chelsea Walls (2001)
9.
 Reindeer Games (2000) Zook
10.
 Uncle Sam (1998)
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1963:
As a struggling saxophone player joined Floyd Newman as sideman; co-wrote Newman's "Frog Stomp" at Stax; asked to join Stax staff
1965:
Wrote songs such as "Soul Man" and "Hold On! I'm Coming" for Sam and Dave
1969:
Released <i>Hot Buttered Soul</i> with Hayes' 19-minute version of "By the Time I Get to Phoenix"
1971:
Composed music for the soundtrack of "Shaft"; also appeared in a cameo role as the bartender
1972:
Appeared in "WattStax" documentary
1973:
Release of "Black Moses of Soul" documentary; "Shaft" TV series premiered
1974:
Acting debut, "These Tough Guys"
1979:
Moved to Georgia
1980:
After hiatus, contributed songs to "The Blues Brothers" and "One-Trick Pony"
1981:
Co-starred in "Escape From New York"
1988:
Back with 'blaxploitation' gang in "I'm Gonna Git You Sucka" directed by and starring Keenen Ivory Wayans
1993:
Co-starred in "Posse" and "Robin Hood: Men in Tights" on big screen and "Acting on Impulse" for Showtime
1994:
Played Angel in "It Could Happen to You"
1995:
Co-starred in "Once Upon a Time When We Were Colored"
1995:
Released instrumental album <i>Raw and Refined</i> and vocal <i>Branded</i>
1997:
Lent his voice to the role of Chef on the Comedy Central series "South Park"; quit the show in 2006, citing its 'inappropriate ridicule' of religion
2002:
Inducted into the Rock 'n Roll Hall of Fame
2004:
Appeared in a recurring minor role as the Jaffa Tolok on the series "Stargate SG-1" (Sci Fi Channel)
2005:
Appeared opposite Terrence Howard in Craig Brewer's "Hustle & Flow"
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Notes

Hayes often introduces himself as "Ike."

He has 11 children with seven different women, including three to whom he was married.

Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002.

"I'm from an era when seduction was an art. Women don't want wham-bam-thank-you-ma'am; they want to be wooed. I use metaphors instead of describing anatomical parts." --Hayes quoted in New York Newsday, May 30, 1995.

On joining the Church of Scientology: "I stumbled in three years ago. I hit them with a lot of hard questions. I said 'What kind of place is this? Is this a cult or what? I heard y'all brainwash people.'" --Hayes in USA Today, June 5, 1995.

"I can finally enoy 'Shaft'. In fact, I listened to it two days ago and said, 'Damn, that's fresh!'" --From Entertainment Weekly, June 9, 1995.

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Mignon Hayes. Second wife; divorced in 1986.

Family close complete family listing

daughter:
Heather Hayes. Singer. Worked with James Brown.
son:
Isaac Hayes III. Musician.

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