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Also Known As: John Joseph Haley Died: June 6, 1979
Born: August 10, 1899 Cause of Death: heart attack
Birth Place: Boston, Massachusetts, USA Profession: actor, dancer, singer, worked in real estate

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

An engaging light comedian whose showbiz roots extended to vaudeville, Jack Haley was not the first choice for what is perhaps his best-known role, the Tin Man seeking a heart in the 1939 MGM classic "The Wizard of Oz". Born in Boston, Haley began as a song-and-dance man and appeared on Broadway in the hits "Good News" and "Gay Paree". He made his first foray into movies in the silent "Broadway Madness" (1927) and returned three years later as a Paramount player in "Follow Thru" (1930). It wasn't until he was signed by Fox, though that he came into his own as a genial second lead in such efforts as "Poor Little Rich Girl" (1936) and "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm" (1938), both with Shirley Temple, and "Alexander's Ragtime Band" (also 1938). Haley was loaned to MGM to play the coach in "Pigskin Parade" (1936), which also marked the debut of Judy Garland and again to replace an ill Buddy Ebsen (who had an allergic reaction to the makeup) in "Oz". (Ironically, Ray Bolger was originally slated for the role but he balked and managed to convince the studio to allow he and Ebsen to switch roles.) Haley, along with Bolger and Bert Lahr, all shared similar professional backgrounds having played vaudeville and...

An engaging light comedian whose showbiz roots extended to vaudeville, Jack Haley was not the first choice for what is perhaps his best-known role, the Tin Man seeking a heart in the 1939 MGM classic "The Wizard of Oz".

Born in Boston, Haley began as a song-and-dance man and appeared on Broadway in the hits "Good News" and "Gay Paree". He made his first foray into movies in the silent "Broadway Madness" (1927) and returned three years later as a Paramount player in "Follow Thru" (1930). It wasn't until he was signed by Fox, though that he came into his own as a genial second lead in such efforts as "Poor Little Rich Girl" (1936) and "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm" (1938), both with Shirley Temple, and "Alexander's Ragtime Band" (also 1938). Haley was loaned to MGM to play the coach in "Pigskin Parade" (1936), which also marked the debut of Judy Garland and again to replace an ill Buddy Ebsen (who had an allergic reaction to the makeup) in "Oz". (Ironically, Ray Bolger was originally slated for the role but he balked and managed to convince the studio to allow he and Ebsen to switch roles.) Haley, along with Bolger and Bert Lahr, all shared similar professional backgrounds having played vaudeville and burlesque as well as the legitimate stage and worked well together. Nonetheless, he was a bit overshadowed by the showier antics of his co-stars and by the luminous tremulousness that Judy Garland brought to her role. Still, because "The Wizard of Oz" achieved classic status with repeated TV broadcasts, it remains his best-remembered role.

In the 1940s, Haley continued to lend support to major stars in films like "Moon Over Miami" (1941), with Betty Grable and Don Ameche, and "Higher and Higher" (1943), with Frank Sinatra. But as the decade wound down and he inched toward his 50s, he was virtually wasted in fluff (i.e., "Scared Stiff" 1945). He retired from show business after "Make Mine Laughs" (1949), which reunited him with Ray Bolger, and a brief stint as host of TV's "Ford Star Revue" (NBC, 1950), finding a lucrative second career in real estate. His son, Jack Haley Jr., persuaded him to come out of retirement for a one-shot return to features with a cameo in 1970's "Norwood". Although there were occasional TV roles (e.g., the ABC movie "Rolling Man"), the elderly Haley seemed uninterested in pursuing a career as a character actor, preferring to be remembered for his earlier work.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Hope Springs (2012)
2.
 Rolling Man (1972)
3.
 Make Mine Laughs (1949)
4.
 People Are Funny (1946) Pinky Wilson
5.
 Vacation in Reno (1946) Jack Carroll
6.
 Scared Stiff (1945) Larry Elliot
7.
 George White's Scandals (1945) Jack Evans
8.
 Sing Your Way Home (1945) Steve Kimball
9.
 Take It Big (1944) Jack North
10.
 One Body Too Many (1944) Albert Tuttle
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Toured as a song and dance man in vaudeville
:
Appeared in the Broadway musicals "Good News" and "Gay Paree"
1927:
Film debut as a radio announcer in "Broadway Madness"
:
Signed by 20th Century Fox
1930:
Appeared in "Follow Thru"
:
Returned to the stage to appear in "Free for All"
1933:
Returned to films in "Sitty Pretty"
1936:
Co-starred with Shirley Temple in "The Poor Little Rich Girl"
1936:
First teaming with Judy Garland, "Pigskin Parade"
1937:
Teamed with Alice Faye in "Wake Up"
1938:
Reteamed with Temple in "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm"
1938:
Appeared opposite Faye in "Alexander's Ragtime Band"
1939:
Loaned to MGM to replace Buddy Ebsen as the Tin Man in "The Wizard of Oz"
1949:
Final feature for nearly twenty years "Make Mine Laughs"
1950:
Hosted "Ford Star Revue" (NBC)
:
Retired in the 1950s; began second career in real estate
1970:
Made one-shot return to features in "Norwood", directed by Jack Haley Jr
1972:
Appeared in the ABC TV-movie "Rolling Man"
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Florence Haley. Former Ziegfeld showgirl. Married from 1921 until his death in 1979; died on December 30, 1996 at age 94.

Family close complete family listing

son:
Jack Haley Jr. Producer, director. Born on October 25, 1933; formerly married to Liza Minnelli; directed father in "Norwood" (1970).
daughter:
Gloria Haley.

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