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|Also Known As:||Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson||Died:|
|Born:||January 3, 1956||Cause of Death:|
|Birth Place:||Peekskill, New York, USA||Profession:||director, actor, producer, executive, dishwasher|
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A gifted and rather complicated performer who became one of the biggest stars in the world, only to be ostracized for racist comments and anger issues, actor-director Mel Gibson rode the wave of his 20-plus years of popularity to become one of the industry's most bankable stars. After finding fame in Australia with only his second film, "Mad Max" (1979), Gibson vaulted onto the international scene with the superior sequel, "The Road Warrior" (1981). Following an excellent performance in "The Year of Living Dangerously" (1982), Gibson staked his claim in Hollywood by starring in "Lethal Weapon" (1987), a highly successful buddy comedy by which all others would be measured. Gibson actively sought to usurp his action hero image with a wider range of roles, including playing the titular "Hamlet" (1990) and a reclusive burn victim in "The Man without a Face" (1993). He transformed himself from action star to Oscar-winning director with the historical epic "Braveheart" (1995) and sparked controversy for his "The Passion of the Christ" (2003), a rather bloody and violent look at the crucifixion of Jesus Christ that many accused of bias against of Jews. Making matters worse for himself, Gibson became...
A gifted and rather complicated performer who became one of the biggest stars in the world, only to be ostracized for racist comments and anger issues, actor-director Mel Gibson rode the wave of his 20-plus years of popularity to become one of the industry's most bankable stars. After finding fame in Australia with only his second film, "Mad Max" (1979), Gibson vaulted onto the international scene with the superior sequel, "The Road Warrior" (1981). Following an excellent performance in "The Year of Living Dangerously" (1982), Gibson staked his claim in Hollywood by starring in "Lethal Weapon" (1987), a highly successful buddy comedy by which all others would be measured. Gibson actively sought to usurp his action hero image with a wider range of roles, including playing the titular "Hamlet" (1990) and a reclusive burn victim in "The Man without a Face" (1993). He transformed himself from action star to Oscar-winning director with the historical epic "Braveheart" (1995) and sparked controversy for his "The Passion of the Christ" (2003), a rather bloody and violent look at the crucifixion of Jesus Christ that many accused of bias against of Jews. Making matters worse for himself, Gibson became notorious after letting fly an anti-Semitic rant while being arrested for drunk driving in 2006, and later lashing out at his ex-girlfriend in recorded calls laced with racial slurs and threats. Once a beloved leading man who could do no wrong, many wondered if Gibson's behavior had forever tarnished his once successful and lucrative career.
Born on Jan. 3, 1956 in Peekskill, NY, Gibson was raised by his father, Hutton, a railroad brakeman who was a leading figure in the ultra-conservative Catholic splinter group, The Alliance for Catholic Traditions, and his mother, Ann. After falling from a train and injuring his back, Gibson's father won a workman's compensation suit against New York Central Railroad in 1968 and moved the family to Sydney, Australia soon after. During his high school years, Gibson attended St. Leo's Catholic College, an all-boys school founded by the Congregation of Christian Brothers. He turned to acting around this time and began studying the craft at the National Institute of Dramatic Art alongside future star Judy Davis, with whom he made his stage debut in a 1976 production of "Romeo and Juliet." Also while attending NIDA, he tackled the role of Queen Titania in an experimental version of Shakespeare's "A Midsummer Night's Dream." He soon made his feature debut in "Summer City" (1977), a teen drama about a group of students who leave Sydney for a weekend of surfing, only to find their fun derailed when they become involved in a murder.
Almost from the start, Gibson had the makings of a star, which he put on full display in only his second feature film, "Mad Max" (1979), a post-apocalyptic Western set in the Australian Outback that, while unpolished in parts, featured several stunning action sequences. Gibson played Max Rockatansky, a futuristic policeman who wants to retire and spend time with his family, only to find his world upended when a marauding gang of bikers kill his wife and son. Hell-bent on revenge, Max sets off in a supercharged V8 Interceptor in search of blood. Though initially panned by some critics, "Mad Max" became an international hit, earning over $100 million at the box office. Most importantly, however, the film turned Gibson into an overnight star. Following an about-face performance in the romantic drama, "Tim" (1979), he had an uncredited appearance as a bearded mechanic in the Mad Max-like thriller, "The Chain Reaction" (1980). He returned to starring duties with his next film, "Gallipoli" (1981), a war drama centered on the ill-fated Battle of Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. The film marked the first of two highly regarded collaborations with fellow Australian, director Peter Weir.
Following up the success of "Mad Max," Gibson reunited with director George Miller for the superior sequel, "Mad Max 2" (1981), known as "The Road Warrior" to American audiences. The heart-pounding action thriller was set several years past the events of the first, where the post-apocalyptic world has fallen into utter chaos as rival gangs battle each other for the rapidly dwindling supplies of gasoline. When he is brought to a fortified encampment surrounding an oil refinery, the nomad Max has every intention of taking as much gasoline as he can carry. But he finds himself with the plight of the well-intentioned inhabitants of the refinery, led by the sympathetic Pappagallo (Mike Preston), which puts Max into a position of leading a mad dash toward the coast through a violent gang of bikers. Stunning in every way, "The Road Warrior" surpassed its predecessor in terms of action, production values, and kinetic stunt sequences that featured several breakneck car chases. Though already a star Down Under, Gibson finally became a known commodity to international audiences, which resulted in the beginnings of a highly successful Hollywood career that would come with its share of trials and tribulations.
Sticking with his adopted home for his next film, Gibson starred in "The Year of Living Dangerously" (1982), an acclaimed political drama directed by Weir that starred the actor as a wire service reporter covering the 1965 coup of President Sukarno of Indonesia. While there, he pursues a romance with a British attaché (Sigourney Weaver) while being held in check by photographer Billy Kwan (played by Oscar winner Linda Hunt). While the lion's share of accolades went to Weir and Hunt, Gibson received his fair share for his passionate performance. After a starring turn in the little-regarded World War II actioner "Attack Force Z" (1982), Gibson made his entry into American filmmaking with three films - "Mrs. Soffel" (1984), "The Bounty" (1984) and "The River" (1984) - that failed to capitalize on the star-making performances on display in "The Road Warrior" and "The Year of Living Dangerously." He returned to Australia to finish out the "Mad Max" series with "Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome" (1985), a cumbersome satire with a bigger budget, less action and a campy Tina Turner as the chain-mailed leader of a desolate frontier city. Though glossier than the previous two films and featuring Turner's hit song "We Don't Need Another Hero," "Thunderdome" failed to match its predecessor's visceral energy.
Taking time off to concentrate on family, Gibson starring in perhaps his biggest hit, "Lethal Weapon" (1987), in which he played his most popular character, Detective Martin Riggs, an explosive and suicidal homicide cop paired with the aging and long-suffering Detective Roger Murtaugh (Danny Glover). Perhaps one of the most successful buddy cop movies of all time, "Lethal Weapon" became a huge box office hit and spawned numerous imitators over the years, as well as three sequels of diminishing quality. It also propelled Gibson into the elite status of Hollywood superstar, as his offbeat and often humorous portrayal of a cop on the edge helped reshape the modern action hero. Sandwiched between the meandering crime drama "Tequila Sunrise" (1988) and the disappointing action comedy "Bird on a Wire" (1990) was the blockbuster sequel, "Lethal Weapon 2" (1989), which again showcased uncanny chemistry between Gibson and Glover while raking in box office dollars to become another runaway hit. Gibson's patented swagger failed to save the dismal action-comedy "Air America" (1990), in which he co-starred with Robert Downey, Jr. as a pilot flying contraband to Laos during the Vietnam War.
In a surprising career move, an aging Gibson decided to play the titular role in an abridged, but otherwise faithful adaptation of Shakespeare's "Hamlet" (1990), which also starred Glenn Close as Queen Gertrude, Alan Bates as King Claudius and Helena Bonham Carter as the doomed Ophelia. While the film was problematic, particularly due to director Franco Zeffirelli's committing the cardinal sin of blending scenes together, Gibson offered a ranged and finely rendered portrait of the Melancholy Dane. The film also marked the first project produced by his newly minted company, Icon Productions. Gibson continued in a more sentimental vein with the sudsy romantic fantasy "Forever Young" (1992), before scoring another huge hit with the mediocre "Lethal Weapon 3" (1993), which again highlighted a cloying Joe Pesci as the fast-talking Leo Getz from the first sequel. Meanwhile, Gibson made his directorial debut with "The Man Without a Face" (1993), a touching drama in which he hid his good looks behind the heavy makeup of a reclusive burn victim who mentors a troubled adolescent boy (Nick Stahl) determined to pass the entrance exam to an exclusive military academy. Both conventional and occasionally pedestrian, the understated film failed to foretell what was to come from the new director.
Gibson returned to his rowdy commercial ways with "Maverick" (1994), a remake of the Western-comedy television series from the 1960s, which turned the great onscreen chemistry between himself and co-stars James Garner and Jodie Foster into more box office success. He vaulted his career to far reaching new heights when he returned to the director's chair for "Braveheart" (1995), a project far bigger than any with which he had been previously involved in any capacity. Gibson starred as the real-life Sir William Wallace, a 13th-century Scottish nobleman who led a ragtag band of fellow Scots to fight for their freedom from the tyranny of British rule. Featuring both exceedingly violent and bloody battles scenes, and moments of touching sentiment, "Braveheart" was a return for Hollywood to epic filmmaking. Though criticized from numerous corners for being homophobic and Anglophobic, "Braveheart" nonetheless earned a healthy chunk of international box office while renewing interest in Scottish history, despite the many historical inaccuracies in the film. Most importantly, however, Gibson's second film as director earned 10 Academy Award nominations and won five, including statues for Best Picture and Best Director.
Later that same year, Gibson made his first entry into feature animation, providing the voice for John Smith in Disney's "Pocahontas" (1995). He continued to earn top box office dollars with his next few films, which included playing a vengeance-minded father trying to rescue his kidnapped son (Brawley Nolte) in Ron Howard's "Ransom" (1996) and a New York City cab driver whose belief in U.N. black helicopters and the New World order leads to an all-too-real run-in with the CIA in Richard Donner's "Conspiracy Theory" (1997). The latter thriller marked his fifth overall collaboration with Donner, which proved to be a surprising commercial dud compared to their previous work, especially with Julia Roberts starring opposite Gibson. The actor-director pair rebounded with "Lethal Weapon 4" (1998), the fourth installment to the creatively flagging franchise that nonetheless reaffirmed the bankability of the Riggs-Murtaugh team in terms of box office haul. Joining forces with "Conspiracy Theory" scribe Brian Helgeland for his directing debut, Gibson starred in a loose reworking of Donald Westlake's "Payback" (1999), playing a vengeful thief looking to repay his partners for double-crossing him during a heist. Despite possessing the makings of a potentially compelling thriller, "Payback" failed to capitalize on Gibson's dark turn into anti-hero territory.
Always looking to take on a fresh perspective with his onscreen persona, Gibson starred in "What Women Want" (2000), a romantic comedy in which he portrayed an über-alpha male and advertising executive who learns to overcome his chauvinism by falling for a rival executive (Helen Hunt). Though not a particularly inspiring film, "What Women Want" was a huge hit at the box office, taking in almost $200 million domestically. While his star power failed to make Wim Wenders' "The Million Dollar Hotel" (2000) a mainstream success, Gibson was compelling as a strange FBI agent sporting a neck brace who investigates the apparent suicide of the son of a U.S. Senator (Tim Roth) at a seedy Los Angeles hotel. Gibson next joined tent pole specialists Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich for the Revolutionary War drama, "The Patriot" (2000). Essentially a Western with some "Braveheart" touches, "The Patriot" cast him as a retired soldier still spooked by his memories of the French and Indian War, who clings fast to his pacifism until his son (Heath Ledger) falls into enemy hands, triggering his course of revenge.
After voicing Rocky the Rooster in the animated "Chicken Run" (2000), a feathered reimagining of "The Great Escape" (1963), Gibson appeared in the poorly-received, flag-waving war drama, "We Were Soldiers" (2002). He followed with a turn as a country farmer and reverend who, along with his family (Joaquin Ph nix, Rory Culkin and Abigail Breslin), fend off alien invaders in M. Night Shyamalan's impossible to swallow, but ultimately successful "Signs" (2002). The actor was almost unrecognizable behind a wig of thinning hair and bulbous prosthetics in the film adaptation of Dennis Potter's acclaimed BBC television serial, "The Singing Detective" (2003). While the film failed to burn up the box office, Gibson, who also produced the film, earned personal kudos for employing old "Air America" co-star Robert Downey, Jr., to play the lead, despite the troubled actor's many difficulties with drug arrests at that time. Meanwhile, "The Singing Detective" marked the beginning of a long acting hiatus for Gibson, who felt at the time that he was becoming burned out on his image. He also ran into his own public legal trouble that almost spelled a certain end to his career, though he wound up weathering the storm. In the meantime, Gibson embarked on two directing projects that delivered their own share of criticism.
Gibson ignited a wildfire of public controversy with his third directorial effort "The Passion of the Christ" (2004), a hard-hitting, highly bloody depiction of the Gospels in which Gibson - a hardcore Catholic who was inspired to make the film after struggling with his own personal demons - wanted to illustrate the severe suffering and selfless sacrifice of Jesus Christ (Jim Caviezel). Studios were reluctant to back the project, not only for its explicit religious views, but because Gibson wanted to film the movie in the original Aramaic spoken at the time of Christ. Their decision to back away forced Gibson to pony up $20 million of his own money to finance the film. Long before it was released, "Passion" came under intense scrutiny from some religious groups and was criticized early on for intimations of anti-Semitism in the way Jews were shown to contribute to Jesus' persecution. That element was not aided by some injudicious and intolerant comments made by Gibson's father, Hutton. In fact, his father was something of a thorn in Gibson's thigh throughout his career for dispensing wild conspiracy theories and rather bizarre claims, everything from denouncing the Pope as an illegitimate occupier to claiming the World Trade Center was taken down by remote control during the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. He garnered his greatest controversy during the release of "Passion" when he questioned how the Nazis could bury six million bodies while claiming that the Second Vatican Council was a plot to destroy Catholicism backed by the Jews.
Meanwhile, critics were polarized by the film, with many citing the violence and gore as excessive, while others praised Gibson's unflinching portrayal. With interest in the controversial film at a fever pitch when it opened, "The Passion of the Christ" debuted to box office blockbuster-sized grosses, thanks to the legions of true believers who boarded church buses and flocked to theaters in droves. "The Passion of the Christ" became a runaway sensation and perhaps the most profitable independent film of all time, taking in over $370 million in domestic box office and putting the director into the enviable position being able to make anything he wanted for his next project. Some hoped that he would return to "Braveheart" territory, but Gibson instead chose to direct "Apocalypto" (2006), a sprawling and rather bizarre-looking film set in the ancient Maya civilization that focused on a young man's perilous journey into a world ruled by fear and oppression, where a harrowing end awaits him. Details about the story remained under tight wraps, though it became known that Gibson shot the entire film in the obscure Mayan language, again risking the alienation of American theaterg rs impatient with reading subtitles. Gibson also shot the film with unknown actors, adding further complications to an already tricky release for Disney. But such concerns mattered nothing in the face of Gibson's public humiliation prior to the film's December 2006 release.
On July 28, 2006, Gibson was pulled over in his Lexus on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, CA for doing 87 mph in a 45 mph zone. The police conducted a roadside sobriety test, including a breathalyzer that indicated a blood-alcohol level of 0.12, well over California's 0.08 limit. Cuffed and stuffed for drunk driving, Gibson railed against the arresting officers, one of whom the actor believed was Jewish, and spouted anti-Semitic slurs while blaming Jews for "all the wars in the world." Once in jail, a belligerent Gibson continued his racist ranting while trying to urinate in his cell and demeaning a female officer by calling her "sugar tits." Released on $5,000 bond, Gibson was assailed from all corners in the media once word spread of the incident. Gibson blamed his outburst on a relapse into alcoholism, a longtime problem he had publicly admitted to in the past. He later released a statement through his publicist that began: "I acted like a person completely out of control when I was arrested and said things that I do not believe to be true and which are despicable."
Many, particularly in Hollywood, felt his statement was disingenuous, though Disney's President of Production, Oren Aviv, himself Jewish, accepted Gibson's apology. Meanwhile, Gibson went straight into rehab and after nearly three months of sobriety, gave his first interview with ABC's Diane Sawyer, who prodded a chastened Gibson about what happened that evening. Though he never claimed to be a racist, Gibson did confirm that his remarks were anti-Semitic. The ultimate judge of public disapproval came when the film was released, resulting in a less-than-inspiring run at the box office. "Apocalypto" did, however, earn the respect of numerous critics and several minor award nominations. Once again, Gibson was criticized for his negative portrayal of a race of people, this time because he depicted the Mayans as a cruel and sadistic society with an inhuman lust for blood. He was also pegged for being historically inaccurate with both the Aztec culture and the timing of the Spanish arriving on the continent. Meanwhile, Gibson retreated into the shadows following the release of "Apocalypto," staying out of the public eye for a few years.
In 2009, he and longtime wife, Robyn, finalized their divorce after three years of separation, citing the ever popular irreconcilable differences. In the shadow of his shocking separation, it was announced that Gibson - a man so religious he had actually built his own church on his Malibu property - was having a baby out of wedlock with his much younger mistress, Russian singer, Oksana Grigorieva. The two had met in the summer of 2008 when she was hired to compose a song for Gibson's upcoming film, "Edge of Darkness" (2010). Suffice to say, it was yet another trip to tabloid covers for the scandal-prone star. Then after a seven-year absence, Gibson finally returned to acting with a leading role in the film adaptation of the BBC miniseries, "Edge of Darkness," in which he played a Boston homicide detective trying to uncover the truth behind his daughter's murder, leading to a government cover-up spearheaded by a shadowy operative (Ray Winstone). Despite the long layoff, controversy continued to dog Gibson as he was out promoting his new thriller. Gibson was being interviewed by KTLA-5 reporter Sam Rubin and was questioned about the anti-Semitic comments he made while being arrested in 2006. In responding to whether or not some people would want him to return to the public eye, a defensive Gibson said that "I gather you have a dog in this fight." Rubin, himself a Jew, was too stunned to respond appropriately and continued on with the question. But the damage was done, with Gibson once again feeling the heat for his insensitive remarks.
Just as it seemed the waters had calmed, Gibson faced more charges of racism atop being named as a suspect in a domestic violence investigation that involved now ex-girlfriend Grigorieva. At the heart of the dispute was a bitter, but confidential custody battle over their infant daughter, Lucia, who was born in October 2009. Just a few months after the couple had split in April 2010, explosive audio recordings of and alleged Gibson ranting against Grigorieva were released. Gibson railed against her, using graphic language while threatening her with violence, and on one occasion allegedly hitting her while she was holding their daughter in her arms. Grigorieva initially refused to go to the police, but later - at the insistence of a dentist who repaired a chipped tooth she claimed was caused by Gibson striking her - decided to pursue legal action. Gibson's flacks denied the charges, and responded by saying that Grigorieva was trying to extort money from him. Meanwhile, longtime representation William Morris Endeavor dropped Gibson as a client in the wake of his longtime agent and protector Ed Limato dying only days prior. Gibson again remained in relative seclusion while the tabloid websites and entertainment shows were abuzz with Gibson's latest scandal - one that many people doubted he could rebound from this time. After months of legal wrangling and police investigations, on March 11, 2011, Gibson was charged with misdemeanor battery, stemming from the alleged violence against his ex that resulted in her teeth being chipped. The actor reportedly reached a plea agreement that would most likely exclude serving jail time.
Filmographyclose complete filmography
CAST: (feature film)
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In 1992, Gibson received the William Shakespeare Award for Classical Theatre (the Will Award) from The Shakespeare Theatre at the Folger in Washington, DC in recognition of his work on behalf of classical theater.
He reportedly stormed out of the 1996 MTV Movie Awards after the presenters, Ben Stiller and Janeane Garofalo, spoofed "Braveheart" in the opening sequence.
Awarded the Order of Australia medal and honored as the Hasty Pudding Theatricals Man of the Year (Harvard University) in 1997.
"I didn't have control there. It wasn't just difficult because it was a difficult part, it was difficult because of the work situation. I don't want to name names or anything. I should have done it onstage first. Anyway, long story. Boring, boring . . . making excuses. I'm supposed to know what to do. That's my craft."---Mel Gibson on playing Hamlet in US, June 1995.
"Americans' first perceptions of Mel Gibson were immediately varied because on the one hand he was a leading man in films like 'The Year of Living Dangerously' and on the other hand was an action hero in a film like 'Road Warrior'. There wasn't one image that had to be torn down and reconstructed to make room for the other. But right away it was clear this was not just another action star. There was something more to him."---Leonard Maltin in The Hollywood Reporter Mel Gibson Tribute Issue, March 5, 1996.
In 1999, Gibson donated $640,000 to his alma mater, the National Institute of Dramatic Art in Sydney, Australia on the occasion of its 40th anniversary.
"It made me observant. Right away I saw there was a difference between them and me. In order to cope and not have a punchup every other day, I tried to be like them. It was good training for an actor."---Gibson on moving from the USA to Australia as a boy to Daily News, January 3, 1999.
About pulling rank on director Brian Helgeland on 'PaybacK': "Some changes were required. We asked him if he'd do them. Lots of times. He said no, he wouldn't ... that he didn't want to compromise his artistic integrity. I, on the other hand, have no problem with artistic integrity."
"As a producer, you have to make decisions based on many different factors, and not everybody's going to be happy. But someone's going to have the casting vote and the final cut ... It's taken me 20 years to get final cut."---Gibson quoted in Boston Herald, February 6, 1999.
"I think violence in the movies gets a bad rap. Over the years I think it's been a handy scapegoat for the inadequacy of the social regime to fix their problems. 'They saw this film and it made them want to go out and shoot people.' Bullshit."--Gibson to Empire, April 1999.
"I want to direct, that's the most fun you can have standing up, but if you're going to spend two years of your life with something, you want to make sure it's not horrible."
"It's terrifying, they give you a budget and everyone acts like you know what you're doing. But it's exhilarating at the same time, it's the fear of the unknown and you're actually stepping up to the plate. It's somewhere between frightened and inspired and sometimes those two can feed on each other. They do, in fact. Someone rips ten pages out of your script and you've got to make a change fast and you've got to make the script work, you come up with the answer and you do it fast and you make it work. You need to be up against the wall before you can make those decisions."---Gibson in Empire, April 1999.
"I was 24 years old and I knew I was going to be a father by the time I was 25, and I just sat there in disbelief, thinking about how little I knew and saying to myself, 'Someone's going to call me Dad, the poor little creature.' I just felt totally unprepared and ill-equipped. I didn't have the first idea about that kind of stuff. But you know, once you're on that road, you start pulling your socks up. Unfortunately, with the first one you're kinda learning."---Gibson talking about one of his most influential moment for People Magazine's 30th Anniversary Special April 12, 2004
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