TCM Archive Materials VIEW ALL ARCHIVES (42)
|Also Known As:||Died:||June 22, 1969|
|Born:||June 10, 1922||Cause of Death:||accidental drug overdose|
|Birth Place:||Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA||Profession:||Cast ...|
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First musical stage appearance, singing "Jingle Bells" at her parents' theater in Minnesota (December 26)
Performed in vaudeville with siblings as the singing trio the Gumm Sisters
Family moved to California
Film debut with siblings in "Starlet Revue/The Big Revue"
Appeared in Warner Bros. Vitaphone shorts with siblings
Performed with sisters at the World's Fair, held in Chicago; met George Jessel who suggested they change their surname to Garland
Changed billing to Judy Garland, taking her first name after a popular song of the day
Oldest sister's marriage forced breakup of singing trio
Auditioned for and was signed by MGM; seven-year contract commenced on October 1
Network radio debut on "Shell Chateau Hour"
Signed to a recording contract by Decca Records
Appeared in the short "Every Sunday" opposite fellow teen-star-in-the-making, Deanna Durbin
Feature film acting debut in "Pigskin Parade"
First appearance with Mickey Rooney, "Thoroughbreds Don't Cry"
Achieved star status with roles in "The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Arms" awarded an honorary Academy Award as outstanding juvenile performer for the former, in which she also introduced the Oscar-winning song that became her signature, "Over the Rainbow"
Made exhibitors poll of top ten boxoffice stars; placed 10th
Made solo concert debut in Philadelphia (July)
Delivered memorable performance in "Meet Me in St. Louis"; introduced popular standards "The Boy Next Door". "The Trolley Song" and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"
Played rare non-singing role in the romance, "The Clock", directed by Vincente Minnelli
Starred in "The Harvey Girls"
Last film appearance with Rooney, a guest cameo in "Words and Music" in which the two sang "I Wish I Were in Love Again"
Teamed with Fred Astaire in "Easter Parade"
Had a series of breakdowns in the late 1940s; made first suicide attempt; was replaced in leading roles of films including "The Barkleys of Broadway" (1949), "Annie Get Your Gun" (1950), "Royal Wedding" (1951)
Dropped by MGM
Began series of legendary live concert appearances at the London Palladium (April 9)
Played NYC's Palace Theater
Returned to films after a four-year absence in "A Star Is Born"; received first Oscar nomination as Best Actress ; last film for seven years
Las Vegas debut (July)
Returned to NYC's Palace Theater for eight-week run (September 26)
Hospitalized and diagnosed with hepatitis; reportedly was told she would remain a semi-invalid
Performed with Frank Sinatra at a Democratic fundraiser for the presidential campaign of John F Kennedy
Returned to features in cameo role as a concentration camp survivor who testifies in "Judgment at Nuremberg"; received Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination
Triumphed in a concert at NYC's Carnegie Hall (April 23); recording won Grammy Award
Offered fine dramatic turn in John Cassavetes' "A Child Is Waiting"
Last film, "I Could Go on Singing"
Starred in TV variety series, "The Judy Garland Show" (CBS)
Toured Australia and then appeared in London with daughter Liza Minnelli at the Palladium
Final appearance at NYC's Palace Theater (summer)
Gave last US concert in Philadelphia (July 30)
Final concert appearance in Copenhagen, Denmark
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