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Judy Garland

Judy Garland

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Mickey Rooney & Judy Garland Collection... Plenty of fun comes directly to you, courtesy of the irrepressible Judy Garland... more info $49.98was $49.98 Buy Now

Summer Stock DVD In "Summer Stock" (1950), a farm owner, played by Judy Garland, is... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Pigskin Parade DVD "Pigskin Parade" (1936) is a breathtaking comedy that also features dancing,... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

MGM: When the Lion Roars... On April 24, 1924 the movies changed forever: the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio... more info $12.99was $29.98 Buy Now

Words And Music DVD Mickey Rooney and Tom Drake play real-life songwriting geniuses Lorenz Hart and... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Ziegfeld Girl DVD Nobody knew how to create a spectacular show-stopping number better than Busby... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Also Known As: Baby Gumm, Frances Gumm, Frances Ethel Gumm Died: June 22, 1969
Born: June 10, 1922 Cause of Death: accidental drug overdose
Birth Place: Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA Profession: singer, actor

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a superstar thanks to nine films with Mickey Rooney as well as the iconic role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939), where she introduced her signature song, "Over the Rainbow." Garland went on to sparkle in classics like "Meet Me in St. Louis" (1944), "Easter Parade" (1948), her Oscar-nominated comeback "A Star is Born" (1954), where she introduced her second signature song, "The Man That Got Away," and her Oscar-nominated turn in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961). Driven by a ruthless stage mother, hooked on prescription drugs from a young age at the behest of MGM, and eventually suicidal, Garland suffered from personal demons that threatened to overwhelm her, leading to five unsuccessful marriages and three children, including Liza Minnelli in 1946. Throughout her life of highs and lows, her inestimable talent showed through nowhere better than in live performance. Those who saw her perform live spoke of the experience in almost mystical terms, especially a comeback performance...

One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a superstar thanks to nine films with Mickey Rooney as well as the iconic role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939), where she introduced her signature song, "Over the Rainbow." Garland went on to sparkle in classics like "Meet Me in St. Louis" (1944), "Easter Parade" (1948), her Oscar-nominated comeback "A Star is Born" (1954), where she introduced her second signature song, "The Man That Got Away," and her Oscar-nominated turn in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961). Driven by a ruthless stage mother, hooked on prescription drugs from a young age at the behest of MGM, and eventually suicidal, Garland suffered from personal demons that threatened to overwhelm her, leading to five unsuccessful marriages and three children, including Liza Minnelli in 1946. Throughout her life of highs and lows, her inestimable talent showed through nowhere better than in live performance. Those who saw her perform live spoke of the experience in almost mystical terms, especially a comeback performance captured on the Grammy-winning Judy at Carnegie Hall, widely considered the greatest night in show business history. Literally giving her life for her art, Garland poured her soul out in every song and in every scene, achieving immortality of the highest order and recognition as one of the greatest entertainers of all time.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 That's Entertainment! III (1994) Song Performer
2.
 A Child Is Waiting (1963) Jean Hansen
3.
 I Could Go On Singing (1963) Jenny Bowman
4.
 Gay Purr-ee (1962) Mewsette
5.
 Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) Irene Hoffman
6.
 Pepe (1961)
7.
 Andy Hardy Comes Home (1958) "Betsy Booth" from Andy Hardy Meets Debutante
8.
 A Star Is Born (1954) Vicki Lester [also known as Esther Blodgett]
9.
 Summer Stock (1950) Jane Falbury
10.
 In the Good Old Summertime (1949) Veronica Fisher
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1924:
First musical stage appearance, singing "Jingle Bells" at her parents' theater in Minnesota (December 26)
:
Performed in vaudeville with siblings as the singing trio the Gumm Sisters
1926:
Family moved to California
1929:
Film debut with siblings in "Starlet Revue/The Big Revue"
1929:
Appeared in Warner Bros. Vitaphone shorts with siblings
1934:
Performed with sisters at the World's Fair, held in Chicago; met George Jessel who suggested they change their surname to Garland
1934:
Changed billing to Judy Garland, taking her first name after a popular song of the day
1935:
Oldest sister's marriage forced breakup of singing trio
1935:
Auditioned for and was signed by MGM; seven-year contract commenced on October 1
1935:
Network radio debut on "Shell Chateau Hour"
1936:
Signed to a recording contract by Decca Records
1936:
Appeared in the short "Every Sunday" opposite fellow teen-star-in-the-making, Deanna Durbin
1936:
Feature film acting debut in "Pigskin Parade"
1937:
First appearance with Mickey Rooney, "Thoroughbreds Don't Cry"
1939:
Achieved star status with roles in "The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Arms" awarded an honorary Academy Award as outstanding juvenile performer for the former, in which she also introduced the Oscar-winning song that became her signature, "Over the Rainbow"
1940:
Made exhibitors poll of top ten boxoffice stars; placed 10th
1943:
Made solo concert debut in Philadelphia (July)
1944:
Delivered memorable performance in "Meet Me in St. Louis"; introduced popular standards "The Boy Next Door". "The Trolley Song" and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"
1945:
Played rare non-singing role in the romance, "The Clock", directed by Vincente Minnelli
1946:
Starred in "The Harvey Girls"
1948:
Last film appearance with Rooney, a guest cameo in "Words and Music" in which the two sang "I Wish I Were in Love Again"
1948:
Teamed with Fred Astaire in "Easter Parade"
:
Had a series of breakdowns in the late 1940s; made first suicide attempt; was replaced in leading roles of films including "The Barkleys of Broadway" (1949), "Annie Get Your Gun" (1950), "Royal Wedding" (1951)
1950:
Dropped by MGM
1951:
Began series of legendary live concert appearances at the London Palladium (April 9)
1951:
Played NYC's Palace Theater
1954:
Returned to films after a four-year absence in "A Star Is Born"; received first Oscar nomination as Best Actress ; last film for seven years
1956:
Las Vegas debut (July)
1956:
Returned to NYC's Palace Theater for eight-week run (September 26)
1959:
Hospitalized and diagnosed with hepatitis; reportedly was told she would remain a semi-invalid
1960:
Performed with Frank Sinatra at a Democratic fundraiser for the presidential campaign of John F Kennedy
1961:
Returned to features in cameo role as a concentration camp survivor who testifies in "Judgment at Nuremberg"; received Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination
1961:
Triumphed in a concert at NYC's Carnegie Hall (April 23); recording won Grammy Award
1962:
Offered fine dramatic turn in John Cassavetes' "A Child Is Waiting"
1963:
Last film, "I Could Go on Singing"
:
Starred in TV variety series, "The Judy Garland Show" (CBS)
1964:
Toured Australia and then appeared in London with daughter Liza Minnelli at the Palladium
1967:
Final appearance at NYC's Palace Theater (summer)
1968:
Gave last US concert in Philadelphia (July 30)
1969:
Final concert appearance in Copenhagen, Denmark
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Notes

Biographers have variously reported that Garland had "affairs" with Orson Welles, Yul Brynner, Frank Sinatra, Peter Lawford, David Begelman, Dirk Bogarde, Glenn Ford and Joseph L Mankiewicz, to name a few.

Her mother billed her as the "little girl with the leather lungs".

"My life was a combination of absolute chaos and absolute solitude." --Judy Garland in 1960

"There was no prototype for Garland except Garland herself." --director George Cukor

Companions close complete companion listing

husband:
David Rose. Orchestra leader, composer. Born on June 24, 1909; married on July 28, 1941; Garland filed for divorce in June 1944; divorced in 1945; died on August 23, 1990.
companion:
Tyrone Power. Actor. Had relationship c. 1942-43.
husband:
Vincente Minnelli. Director. Married on June 15, 1945; separated in 1949; divorced in 1951; born in 1903; died on July 25, 1986.
husband:
Sid Luft. Manager. Born c. 1915; married in 1951; divorced in 1965.
companion:
Tom Green. Engaged briefly in 1965.
husband:
Mark Herron. Married on November 14, 1965 in Las Vegas; divorced in April 1967; died on January 13, 1996.
husband:
Mickey Deans. Married on March 15, 1969; wrote book "Weep No More My Lady".
VIEW COMPLETE COMPANION LISTING

Family close complete family listing

father:
Frank Gumm. Theater owner, former entertainer. Died on November 17, 1935.
mother:
Ethel Gumm. Former entertainer. Died on January 5, 1953.
step-father:
Will Gilmore. Married Ethel Gumm c. 1939.
sister:
Mary Jane Gumm. Singer. Born on September 24, 1915; performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters; committed suicide in May 1964.
sister:
Dorothy Virginia Gumm. Born on July 4, 1917; performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters.
daughter:
Liza May Minnelli. Actor, singer. Born on March 12, 1946; father, Vincente Minnelli.
daughter:
Lorna Luft. Singer, actor. Born on November 21, 1952; father, Sid Luft; was married to Jake Hooker with whom she had daughter Vanessa Hooker and son Jesse Hooker; married arranger Colin Friedman in 1996.
son:
Joseph Wiley Luft. Musician. Born on March 29, 1955; father, Sid Luft.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"Judy: The Films and Career of Judy Garland" Citadel Press
"Judy Garland" Ace Books
"The Other Side of the Rainbow With Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol" William Morrow
"Weep No More My Lady" G.K. Hall & Co.
"Little Girl Lost: The Life and Hard Times of Judy Garland" Arlington House
"Judy Garland" Simon & Schuster
"Judy" Harper & Row
"Rainbow: The Stormy Life of Judy Garland" Grosset & Dunlap
"Judy with Love" Robert Hale Publishers
"Heartbreaker" Doubleday
"Judy & Liza" Doubleday
"Judy: Portrait of an American Legend" McGraw-Hill
"My Life Over the Rainbow: Judy Garland's Story as Told to Lorna Smith" Vantage
"Zing!: The Early Life and Career of Judy Garland" Three B Books
"The Complete Judy Garland: The Ultimate Guide to Her Career in Films, Records, Concerts, Radio and Television, 1935-1969" Harper & Row
"Rainbow's End: The Judy Garland Show" William Morrow
"Judy Garland: World's Greatest Entertainer" Henry Holt & Co
"Judy Garland: The Secret Life of an American Legend"
"Me and My Shadows, a Family Memoir: Living with the Legacy of Judy Garland"
"Rainbow: A Star-Studded Tribute to Judy Garland" Boulevard Books
"Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland" Random House
VIEW COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY

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