Served two years in the United States Army
Moved to NYC to study acting at the Neighborhood Playhouse
Made off-Broadway debut in George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession"
First association with playwright Horton Foote, the NY production of "The Midnight Caller"
Made his first television appearance on "Armstrong Circle Theatre" (NBC)
Made his screen debut was as Boo Radley in "To Kill a Mockingbird"; screenplay by Foote
Played Capt. Paul Cabot Winston in "Captain Newman, M.D."
Gained notice for his performance of Eddie in Arthur Miller's "A View From the Bridge"; Dustin Hoffman was the assistant director
First film with Marlon Brando, "The Chase"; adapted from Foote's story and play
Starred in the original Broadway production of "Wait Until Dark"
Played the old nemesis of John Wayne's Marshall 'Rooster' Cogburn in "True Grit"
First movie with director Robert Altman and actor James Caan, "Countdown"
Initial screen collaboration with director Francis Ford Coppola, "The Rain People"
Portrayed Major Frank Burns in Altman's "M*A*S*H"
Played the title role in George Lucas' feature directing debut "THX 1138"; executive produced by Coppola
Supported Clint Eastwood in John Sturges' "Joe Kidd"
Offered critically acclaimed performance as Consigliere Tom Hagen in "The Godfather"; re-teamed with director Francis Ford Coppola and actors Caan and Brando; earned first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor
Portrayed a handyman who falls in love with an abandoned pregnant woman in "Tomorrow"; screenplay written by Horton Foote
Acted in Coppola's "The Conversation"; first film with friend Gene Hackman
Reprised the role of Tom Hagen for "The Godfather, Part II"
Last film to date with Caan, "The Killer Elite"
Documentary film directing debut, "We're Not the Jet Set"
Earned rave reviews for his portrayal of television executive Frank Hackett in Sidney Lumet's "Network"
Returned to Broadway to appear as Walter Cole in David Mamet's "American Buffalo"
Featured as the gung ho Lt. Col. Kilgore in Coppola's Vietnam epic "Apocalypse Now"; earned second Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor
Portrayed a hard-nosed military man in "The Great Santini"; earned first Best Actor Academy Award nomination
Co-starred with Robert De Niro for "True Confessions"
Portrayed country Western singer Mac Sledge in Horton Foote's Oscar-winning script "Tender Mercies"; first producing credit and first credit as a song performer
Made feature directing and screenwriting debut with "Angelo, My Love"
Played cynical sportswriter Max Mercy in "The Natural"
Co-starred with Sean Penn as Los Angeles street cops assigned to gang detail in "Colors"
Starred as Gus McRae in CBS miniseries "Lonesome Dove"; earned an Emmy nomination
Played the title role in HBO biopic "Stalin"; nominated for an Emmy Award
Re-teamed with Hackman for "Geronimo: An American Legend"
First teamed with Billy Bob Thornton for "The Stars Fell on Henrietta"
Played Julia Roberts' straying father in "Something to Talk About"
Made a cameo appearance as Karl Childers' father in "Sling Blade"; starred Billy Bob Thornton, who also wrote and directed
Portrayed Adolph Eichmann in the TNT movie, "The Man Who Captured Eichmann"
Produced and starred opposite James Earl Jones in "A Family Thing"; co-scripted by Billy Bob Thornton
Received critical acclaim for writing, directing, and starring as a Pentecostal Christian preacher in "The Apostle"; earned an Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay, and SAG and Oscar nominations for Best Actor
Co-starred in Altman's "The Gingerbread Man"
Co-starred in "A Civil Action" as the opposing counsel to John Travolta; earned sixth career Oscar nomination as Best Supporting Actor
Produced, co-wrote, and co-starred in "A Shot at Glory"
Wrote, produced, directed, and starred in the drama "Assassination Tango"
Portrayed General Robert E. Lee in the Civil War drama "Gods and Generals"
Received star on Hollywood Walk of Fame
Co-starred with Kevin Costner in compelling Western "Open Range"
Played Will Ferrell's father in the comedy "Kicking & Screaming"
Played a tobacco tycoon in Jason Reitman's satirical comedy "Thank You for Smoking"
Played an aging cowboy in AMC miniseries "Broken Trail"; earned Golden Globe and SAG nominations for Best Actor in a Miniseries
Cast as Eric Bana's father in "Lucky You"
Played an old, dying man in the feature adaptation of Joe Penhall's novel "The Road"
Played supporting role in "Crazy Heart," starring Jeff Bridges in his Oscar-winning role
Portrayed a backwoods hermit who stages his own premature funeral in "Get Low"
Played a Russian general in HBO romantic drama "Hemingway & Gellhorn"
Cast opposite Tom Cruise in action drama "Jack Reacher"