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John Steinbeck

John Steinbeck

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Also Known As: Died: December 20, 1968
Born: February 27, 1902 Cause of Death: Heart Disease and Congestive Heart Failure
Birth Place: Salinas, California, USA Profession: novelist, screenwriter, journalist, construction worker, migrant worker

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

John Steinbeck might well be called the conscience of America; throughout his career, the novelist wrote fiction permeated by social concerns and the plight of the downtrodden. Most consider The Grapes of Wrath (1939), his searing examination of the plight of migrant workers fleeing the Dust Bowl, to be his finest work, but he wrote several other acknowledged classics, including Of Mice and Men (1937), The Pearl (1947) and East of Eden (1952). In addition to his literary career, however, several of his works were made into successful films, and he penned a number of original screenplays as well, such as "Lifeboat" (1944) and "Viva Zapata!" (1952) for which he received Academy Award nominations; in 1962, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

John Steinbeck might well be called the conscience of America; throughout his career, the novelist wrote fiction permeated by social concerns and the plight of the downtrodden. Most consider The Grapes of Wrath (1939), his searing examination of the plight of migrant workers fleeing the Dust Bowl, to be his finest work, but he wrote several other acknowledged classics, including Of Mice and Men (1937), The Pearl (1947) and East of Eden (1952). In addition to his literary career, however, several of his works were made into successful films, and he penned a number of original screenplays as well, such as "Lifeboat" (1944) and "Viva Zapata!" (1952) for which he received Academy Award nominations; in 1962, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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CAST: (feature film)

1.
 O. Henry's Full House (1952) Narration
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Milestones close milestones

1929:
First novel published, <i>Cup of Gold</i>
1939:
First film made from one of his novels, "Of Mice and Men"
1939:
Publishes <i>The Grapes of Wrath</i>, a huge critical and commerical success
1941:
Writes first screenplay for documentary "The Forgotten Village"
1943:
Became war correspondent for the <i>New York Herald Tribune</i>
1944:
Wrote first feature screenplay, Alfred Hitchcock's "Lifeboat"
1950:
First television script for "Nash Airflyte Theater" (CBS, 1950¿51)
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Education

Stanford University: Stanford , California -

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wife:
Carol Henning. Met in 1928; eloped to Los Angeles in 1929; divorced.
wife:
Gwyn Conder. Showgirl. Born c. 1920; married in March 1943; mother of Steinbeck's two sons.
wife:
Elaine Steinbeck. Third wife; married in 1950; had formerly been married to actor Zachary Scott; born in Texas.

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father:
John Ernst Steinbeck. Businessman. Served as Monterrey County treasurer; died in 1935.
mother:
Olive Hamilton. Former schoolteacher. Died in February 1934.
son:
Thom Steinbeck. Born on August 2, 1944; mother, Gwyn.
son:
John Steinbeck Jr. Born c. 1946; survived him.
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