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Harold Arlen

Harold Arlen

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Also Known As: Harold Arluck, Hyman Arluck Died: April 23, 1986
Born: February 15, 1905 Cause of Death: cancer
Birth Place: Buffalo, New York, USA Profession: composer, songwriter, singer, pianist

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

A giant of American song, Harold Arlen wrote the music to some of the most enduring musical numbers of the 20th century, including the songs from "The Wizard of Oz," most famously its signature song, "Over the Rainbow," as well as such classic standards as "Get Happy," "Stormy Weather," "It's Only a Paper Moon," "Blues in the Night," "That Old Black Magic" and hundreds more. An accomplished arranger and jazz musician in his teens, Arlen began writing songs for the Cotton Club during its heyday in the 1930s before graduating to Broadway and Hollywood. He collaborated with some of the greatest lyricists of his day, from Ira Gershwin and Johnny Mercer to E.A. "Yip" Harburg, who penned the words to his memorable "Oz" songs. His work for feature films was no less memorable, though the films they accompanied rarely met the high standards of his music, save perhaps for "A Star is Born" (1952), which featured "The Man That Got Away." Arlen's work declined along with his health in the late 1960s, though his songs remained evergreen thanks to countless cover versions in nearly every genre of music - from jazz and pop to rock and blues. In a career that spanned over half a decade, Harold Arlen brought swing,...

A giant of American song, Harold Arlen wrote the music to some of the most enduring musical numbers of the 20th century, including the songs from "The Wizard of Oz," most famously its signature song, "Over the Rainbow," as well as such classic standards as "Get Happy," "Stormy Weather," "It's Only a Paper Moon," "Blues in the Night," "That Old Black Magic" and hundreds more. An accomplished arranger and jazz musician in his teens, Arlen began writing songs for the Cotton Club during its heyday in the 1930s before graduating to Broadway and Hollywood. He collaborated with some of the greatest lyricists of his day, from Ira Gershwin and Johnny Mercer to E.A. "Yip" Harburg, who penned the words to his memorable "Oz" songs. His work for feature films was no less memorable, though the films they accompanied rarely met the high standards of his music, save perhaps for "A Star is Born" (1952), which featured "The Man That Got Away." Arlen's work declined along with his health in the late 1960s, though his songs remained evergreen thanks to countless cover versions in nearly every genre of music - from jazz and pop to rock and blues. In a career that spanned over half a decade, Harold Arlen brought swing, bounce, blues and joy to the sound of modern-day America.

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

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Milestones close milestones

1934:
First work in a feature, supplying songs for "Let's Fall in Love"
1939:
Provided music and songs for the feature, "At the Circus"
1939:
Received an Oscar for his work on "The Wizard of Oz"
1974:
Final original work, composed the songs for the ABC series "Paper Moon"
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Education

Hutchinson Central High School: Buffalo , New York -
Technical High School: Buffalo , New York -
P S 32: Buffalo , New York -

Companions close complete companion listing

companion:
Frances Williams. Actor. Dated briefly in early 1930s.
wife:
Anya Taranda. Showgirl, model. Was an early model for the Breck (shampoo) Girl; married January 8, 1937 in Harrison, NY; died of a cerebral tumor on March 9, 1970.

Family close complete family listing

father:
Samuel Arluck. Cantor. Son of Russian Jews; married Celia Orlin on April 15, 1904.
mother:
Celia Arluck. Daughter of Polish Jews; married Samuel Arluck on April 15, 1904.
brother:
Jerry Arlen. Born November 11, 1912.
nephew:
Samuel Arlen. Adopted by Harold Arlen before his death and made primary heir.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

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