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Michael Jackson

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Also Known As: Michael Joseph Jackson, John Jay Smith Died: June 25, 2009
Born: August 29, 1958 Cause of Death: Cardiac arrest
Birth Place: Gary, Indiana, USA Profession: dancer, singer, actor, composer, record producer, entrepreneur

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

r. Questions about Jackson being the biological father were then raised after several men, including the children's godfather and former star of the classic "Oliver!" (1968), Mark Lester, as well as Jackson's dermatologist, Dr. Arnold Klein, hinted at possible paternity. By late July, Dr. Murray was being actively investigated by the feds, including raids by the DEA of his Houston, TX office, while the toxicology results were sealed indefinitely. Two months after the death of the King of Pop, arrangements were finally announced for his burial, and the Los Angeles County Coroner officially ruled Jackson's death, "a homicide." Also released was the laundry list of drugs that were in the singer's body when he died. Cause of death was "acute propofol intoxication," with Lorazepam (Ativan) also being cited as fatal in dosage. Other medications found in his system were midazolam (Versed), diazepam (Valium), lidocaine (local anesthetic) and ephedrine (commonly used as diet pills).terview was edited to cast him in an unfavorable light. He subsequently backed out of a much-promoted "60 Minutes" (CBS, 1968- ) interview, instead offering his own privately crafted rebuttal to Bashir's report on the two-hour Fox...

r. Questions about Jackson being the biological father were then raised after several men, including the children's godfather and former star of the classic "Oliver!" (1968), Mark Lester, as well as Jackson's dermatologist, Dr. Arnold Klein, hinted at possible paternity. By late July, Dr. Murray was being actively investigated by the feds, including raids by the DEA of his Houston, TX office, while the toxicology results were sealed indefinitely. Two months after the death of the King of Pop, arrangements were finally announced for his burial, and the Los Angeles County Coroner officially ruled Jackson's death, "a homicide." Also released was the laundry list of drugs that were in the singer's body when he died. Cause of death was "acute propofol intoxication," with Lorazepam (Ativan) also being cited as fatal in dosage. Other medications found in his system were midazolam (Versed), diazepam (Valium), lidocaine (local anesthetic) and ephedrine (commonly used as diet pills).terview was edited to cast him in an unfavorable light. He subsequently backed out of a much-promoted "60 Minutes" (CBS, 1968- ) interview, instead offering his own privately crafted rebuttal to Bashir's report on the two-hour Fox special, "Michael Jackson, Take Two: The Interview They Wouldn't Show You."

The furor died down for several months, but the flames were fanned again in November 2003, just as Jackson's greatest hits package Number Ones was about to hit stores. Santa Barbara police descended on his Neverland Ranch to investigate claims that the musician had molested a 12-year-old boy on the premises. Amid a media furor, Jackson, who was filming a music video in Las Vegas, was required to surrender himself to authorities, prompting video images of the singer in handcuffs. Booked on suspicion of child molestation and released on $3 million bail, he subsequently called the allegations as "outrageous" and "false" and hired celebrity lawyer Mark Geragos to defend him. In the wake of his arrest, CBS indefinitely postponed a primetime Jackson network special that had been scheduled for November 26, while devoted fans staged candlelight vigils protesting his innocence. Meanwhile, plans for finding a fulltime performing home in Las Vegas evaporated; the Jackson family and celebrity friends such as Elizabeth Taylor publicly rushed to his defense as doubts about Jackson's accuser, who previously accused others of child abuse ¿ including his own father ¿ began to surface.

Jackson's compilation album, with the ironically titled new single, "One More Chance," debuted to tepid sales in the United States, where his commercial appeal had dimmed considerably. But Jackson still managed to top other music charts in countries around the world where he was still considered a pop superstar. The stage was set for what promised to be the most sensational celebrity court case since the O.J. Simpson trial, and indeed a circus atmosphere prevailed: celebrities including Jay Leno, Chris Tucker and Macaulay Culkin were called to testify, while the not-so-lily-white past of the accuser's family was aired in court. Among the accusations, Jackson was accused of providing his sleepover guests with alcohol he allegedly called "Jesus Juice," as well as pornography. Throughout the entire sordid affair, Jackson made a spectacle of himself by wearing outrageous outfits into court and indulging in impromptu performances for the fans and gawkers who gathered outside the courthouse for a glimpse of the pop star.

Toward the end of the lengthy trial, however, Jackson appeared more and more haggard, allegedly suffering from ill health. Despite all of the sideshow distractions, in June 2005, jurors in the child molestation trial found Jackson not guilty on all 10 counts against him, although some of the jurors said publicly their decision was based on reasonable doubt and that not all of them believed Jackson was entirely innocent. His attorneys vowed that Jackson would never again allow the children of others into his bed and make himself vulnerable to further accusations. Immediately on the heels of the verdict, the pop star was also reportedly offered a long term residency and $80 million to perform at the planned casino going up next to Trump International Hotel & Tower in Las Vegas.

Despite his acquittal, Jackson was not out of the tabloid woods yet. In 2006, reports of Jackson's financial w s became more rampant, with the star being forced to close part of his Neverland Ranch in order to save money. Adding further weight to his financial problems, he was forced to take out two substantial loans, including one for $300 million from Sony in exchange for the media company having the option of buying half of Jackson's stake in their jointly owned publishing company, leaving the pop star with a 25 percent share. After agreeing to joint custody of his children with ex-wife Debbie Rowe, Jackson solidified his financial standing when he bought the rights to songs by Eminem, Beck and others from Viacom in partnership with Sony. Meanwhile, he released Thriller 25 in celebration of that album's 25th anniversary, which also contained some new cuts and remixes that reached moderate success, including "The Girl is Mine 2008" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008."

Now on the verge of rehabilitating his image, Jackson released the compilation album King of Pop while he was scheduled to perform 50 sold-out concerts at the O2 Arena in London. But the concerts ¿ which would have drawn over one million people ¿ were put on hold when the sudden news broke that Jackson was rushed to a Los Angeles hospital on June 25, 2009. According to various news sources, paramedics found him not breathing after a 911 call from his Bel Air home. He was rushed to the UCLA Medical Center only minutes from his Holmby Hills mansion. When initial reports came in, an anonymous source close to the family was quoted as saying that the pop star was in "really bad shape." His father, who was in Las Vegas at the time, soon confirmed that his son was "not doing well." Within just a few hours, news came that shocked the world ¿ confirmed first by the tabloid site, TMZ.com; then by the Los Angeles Times ¿ Jackson was dead. He was just 50 years old. It was up to grieving brother Jermaine to officially announce what the rest of the world already knew.

On July 7, 2009, a massive memorial was held at L.A.'s Staple Center, with thousands of fans flying in from around the world to attend, while the rest of the world stopped what they were doing to watch such luminaries as Brooke Shields, Usher, Smokey Robinson and Berry Gordy, among others, pay tribute to their friend after his golden casket was carried in by his brothers and positioned at the foot of the stage. Jackson's daughter, Paris, moved even the most unsentimental when she paid tribute to her father, humanizing the often maligned singer by calling him "the best daddy ever" before breaking into tears. Due to intense public interest, the media continued coverage of the singer's life and death, as well as spotlighting every rumor and innuendo ¿ particularly in relation to his children's' paternity and the part his doctor ¿ Conrad Murray may have played in his death. Rumors of misuse of the powerful anesthetic Diprivan replaced talk of Demerol as the media clamored to get answers in lieu of a released toxicology report.

Meanwhile, fans continued to mourn as the news never stopped; first, Jackson's last will was released to the public, in which he declared mentor Diana Ross back-up custodial guardian if his mother Katherine was unable to care for his children. Ultimately, Katherine was granted custody of the three children, with Debbie Rowe getting visitation rights with the two eldest. Not long after Jackson's longtime attorney John Branca was announced as executor of his will, along with attorney John McClain, Katherine's lawyers put up a fight to make her the executo

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Bad 25 (2012)
3.
 Men in Black II (2002) Agent M (Cameo Appearance)
4.
 Michael Jackson's "Ghosts" (1996) Maestro; Mayor; Skeleton; Superghoul
7.
 Moonwalker (1989) Michael
8.
 Captain Eo (1986)
10.
 The Wiz (1978) Scarecrow
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1964:
First performed in front of classmates and others during a Christmas recital at the age of five
1964:
Joined the Jackson Brothers ¿ a band formed by brothers Jackie, Tito and Jermaine ¿ as a backup musician
1965:
Appeared at amateur night at the Apollo in New York City
1967:
Assumed lead vocals (with Jermaine); group's name was changed to The Jackson 5
1967:
With The Jackson 5, recorded several songs for the local record label Steeltown
1968:
Signed with Berry Gordy's Motown Records after group got out of their previous contract with Steeltown
1970:
Saw four singles ("I Want You Back," "ABC," "The Love You Save" and "I'll Be There") peak at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100
1971:
Along with brothers, inspired the ABC Saturday morning cartoon series "The Jackson 5"; only appeared in the introduction, however the group's music was used
1972:
Released first solo album <i>Got to Be There</i>, including the hits "Got to Be There" and "Rockin' Robin"
1972:
Released first solo No. 1 single "Ben"; also the title song from the movie and album of same name; earned Golden Globe and Oscar nominations for Best Original Song
1975:
Jackson 5 sued by Motown Records for breach of contract when they announced they were leaving the label; lawsuit eventually settled in 1980
1976:
Signed with Epic Records and changed their name to The Jacksons
1976:
First Epic album <i>The Jacksons</i> contained Michael's first published song, "Blues Away"
1976:
Featured in the musical variety show "The Jacksons" (CBS)
1978:
Made film debut as the Scarecrow in "The Wiz"; first collaboration with Quincy Jones, who scored the music
1979:
Re-teamed with Quincy Jones for the solo album <i>Off the Wall</i>
1982:
Contributed the song "Someone In the Dark" to the storybook for the film "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"
1982:
Released his best-selling album <i>Thriller</i>; also starred in the John Landis-directed "Thriller" video; regarded as the best-selling album and best music video of all time
1983:
Introduced the moonwalk on the "Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever" (NBC) television special; garnered an Emmy nomination
1985:
Co-wrote the charity single "We Are the World" with Lionel Richie; produced by Quincy Jones
1985:
Bought the catalogue that controls the rights to Beatles songs for $47.5 million
1986:
Starred in the Francis Ford Coppola-directed 3-D film "Captain EO"; produced by George Lucas and shown at Disney's Epcot Center (until 1994) and in Disneyland's Tomorrowland area for nearly 11 years
1987:
Released first album to ever generate five No. 1 singles, <i>Bad</i>
1988:
Released his autobiography <i>Moon Walk</i>
1989:
Produced the musical fantasy feature-length film "Moonwalker"
1989:
Given the title the "King of Pop" by friend Elizabeth Taylor
1989:
Subject of the documentary "Michael Jackson: The Legend Continues"
1991:
Created controversy with the John Landis-directed video "Black or White" from his <i>Dangerous</i> album
1993:
Performed during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII
1995:
Released the double album <i>HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I</i>; the single "You Are Not Alone" became the first single to debut at No. 1 on both the pop and R&B charts
1995:
Teamed with sister Janet for the duet "Scream"; earned a Grammy nomination; the video garnered a record 11 MTV Music Video Awards
1996:
Released the controversial video "Ghosts" on Halloween; first shown in U.S. theaters as a warm-up to "Steven King's Thinner"; later played at the Cannes Film Festival
1997:
Inducted (along with the Jackson 5) into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1997:
Released <i>Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix</i> album with little publicity
2001:
Informed head of Sony Music Entertainment Tommy Mottola that he was leaving Sony; they cancelled all his singles releases, video shootings and promotions for his upcoming album
2001:
Released <i>Invincible</i> album to disappointing sales, which led to conflict with Mottola and Sony
2002:
Returned to feature films with a cameo appearance in "Men in Black 2"
2003:
Interviewed by British journalist Martin Bashir for the documentary "Living with Michael Jackson" (aired in the U.K. on ITV and in the U.S. on ABC with Barbara Walters presenting)
2003:
Appeared in a rebuttal to Bashir's report on the two-hour Fox special "Michael Jackson, Take Two: The Interview They Wouldn't Show You"
2007:
Bought (with Sony) the Famous Music LLC from Viacom, which gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck
2008:
Issued <i>Thriller 25</i> to celebrate the 25th anniversary of <i>Thriller</i>; the release comprised of original material from the album
2009:
Scheduled for an unprecedented 50 shows at London's O2 arena, when Jackson died from an apparent cardiac arrest
2010:
Earned a posthumous Grammy Award nomination (Best Male Pop Performance) for "This Is It"
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Notes

Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002.

"Over the past 10-12 years, Jackson has created a character: himself. It's an incredibly ambitious character, without age, race or gender. It's a character designed to bring the world together. A toy the whole human race can play with ...

"On stage, on video and through all the bizarre sideshows, we have watched Michael Jackson transform himself into this character, this other-worldly presence partway between fantasy and flesh. The line between creator and character has been successsfully blurred.

"But there's still that other Michael, too--businessman, sibling, plain old person ... He's the one who's trapped. How does he do something normal? Whom does he do it with? And if he's frustrated, whom does he blame? ... part of the answer is himself. That's a lot of what the 'Black or White' dance is about ... those angry moves came from somewhere."---David Hinckley's review of the "Black or White" video in Daily News, November 15, 1991.

"What 'Black or White' emphasizes, more than anything, isn't Mr. Jackson's good intentions or his toughness but his distance from anything like everyday experience. His street is obviously a sound stage. He wants to be a nice guy, an apostle of racial brotherhood and a roughneck who knows how to wield a crowbar, but what comes across is the narcissism of a spoiled child throwing his toys. The final sequence, soon to become more legendary for its absence, makes it clear that Mr. Jackson knows his freakishness is part of the sales pitch."---Jon Pareles in The New York Times review of "Black or White" video, November 16, 1991.

J. Randy Taraborrelli's book, "Michael Jackson: The Magic and the Madness" contends that family patriarch Joseph Jackson abused his children and flaunted his numerous love affairs.

Michael Jackson's reportedly extensive plastic surgery has included four nose jobs, two nose adjustments, a cleft chin, and skin bleaching allegedly to avoid resemblance to his father.

Jackson received an honorary LHD from Fisk Univeristy (1988)

"Michael is an eccentric, like Oscar Wilde. He creates his own world."---Deepak Chopra quoted in Daily News, November 10, 1996.

Michael Jackson has contributed to many organizations through the years, including the United Negro College Fund, Make a Wish Foundation, Dreamstreet, DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) as well as allowing the use of his most popular compositions in national campaigns against drunk driving ("Beat It") and drug abuse ("Bad").

Through his Heal the World Foundation, which provides immediate relief efforts to needy children around the world, Jackson has spearheaded airlifts of food and medical supplies to war-torn Sarajevo, instituted mentoring, immunization and drug abuse education programs and paid for a four-year-old Hungarian child's liver transplant.

"Wacko Jacko... where'd that come from? Some English tabloid. I have a heart and I have feelings. I feel that when you do that to me. Don't do it. I'm not a wacko."---Jackson in a September 1997 televised interview with Barbara Walters

"He has been hurt by so many people, Why should he trust people? I think I'm the only person in his life who has not betrayed him ... we love each other like brother and sister and we'd do anything for each other."---Elizabeth Taylor on her relationship with Michael Jackson

April 22, 2004 Michael Jackson was indicted by a grand jury, after three weeks of testimony looking into charges that Michael Jackson molested a young boy

July 20, 2004, it was reported that Michael Jackson is about to become a father to quadruplets by way of a surrogate mother; however, Jackson's spokesperson Raymone Bain said the baby report '... is not true, and we are not going to further comment on stories of this nature.'

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Lisa Marie Jackson Presley. Daughter of Elvis Presley; married on May 26, 1994; estimated worth of marriage, $300 million; separated December 10, 1995; filed for divorce citing irreconcilable differences on January 18, 1996; her second marriage; had two children with first husband Danny Keough.
wife:
Debbie Rowe. Former nurse. Born c. 1959; married on November 14, 1996; bride was reportedly six months pregnant at time of wedding; was previously married; parties mutually agreed to divorce according to joint statement issued on October 8, 1999; divorce papers filed on October 8, 1999.

Family close complete family listing

father:
Joseph Walter Jackson. Guitarist, crane operator, manager. Was a guitarist with a rhythm and blues band called the Falcons; managed the Jackson Five.
mother:
Katherine Esther Jackson. Devout Jevovah's Witness.
sister:
Rebbie Jackson. Singer. Married Nathan Brown in 1968; born on May 29, 1950.
brother:
Sigmund Esco Jackson. Member of the Jackson Five; born on May 4, 1951.
brother:
Toriano Adaryl Jackson. Guitarist. Member of the Jackson Five; born on October 15, 1953.
brother:
Jermaine La Juane Jackson. Singer, bassist. Born on December 11, 1954; married Berry Gordy's daughter Hazel in 1973; when the Jackson Five left Motown, he stayed with his father-in-law's label as a solo artist; has had solo hits like "Dynamite".
sister:
LaToya Jackson. Born May 29, 1956; married manager Jack Gordon in September 1989; wrote "La Toya: Growing Up in the Jackson Family" (1991).
brother:
Marlon David Jackson. Member of the Jackson Five; born on March 12, 1957.
brother:
Stephan Randell Jackson. Recording artist. Born on October 29, 1961; member of the Jackson Five; replaced Jermaine in 1976 when he left the group to stay with Motown; sentenced to two years' probation for beating his wife, Eliza Shaffy Jackson, and their 14-month old daughter, Steveanna, in November 1991; admitted to commiting bankrupcy fraud in August, 2001.
sister:
Janet Jackson. Singer. Has had such hit singles as "What Have You Done for Me Lately?"; starred in the film "Poetic Justice" (1993).
son:
Prince Michael Jackson Junior. Born on February 12, 1997; mother, Debbie Rowe.
daughter:
Paris Michael Katherine Jackson. Born on April 3, 1998 in Los Angeles; mother, Debbie Rowe.
son:
Prince Michael II. Born c. February 2002; product of a surrogate mother and Jackson's sperm.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"Moonwalk" Doubleday
"Michael Jackson: The Magic and the Madness" Carol Publishing Group
"Dancing the Dream" Doubleday
"Michael Jackson"
"Michael Jackson: The King of Pop"
"Michael Jackson Was My Lover: The Secret Diary of Jordie Chandler" self-published
VIEW COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY

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