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|Also Known As:||Alfonso Cuaron||Died:|
|Born:||November 28, 1961||Cause of Death:|
|Birth Place:||Mexico City, , MX||Profession:||Producer ... director producer screenwriter|
Having established himself as a compelling filmmaker in his native Mexico, director Alfonso CuarÃ³n came to international attention with his hit, "Love in the Time of Hysteria" ("Solo Con Tu Pareja") (1991), which opened up the doors of Hollywood. His inventive romantic comedy led famed producer and director Sydney Pollack to hire CuarÃ³n to direct an episode of his noir anthology series, "Fallen Angels" (Showtime, 1993-95). Soon it was a quick jump to his first American feature, "The Little Princess" (1995), which earned the praise of critics, but failed to become a box office success. Following the box office failure of his next film, a contemporary adaptation of Charles Dickensâ¿¿ "Great Expectation" (1997), CuarÃ³n returned to Mexico to direct the funny, politically conscious and unabashedly sexual "Y tu mamÃ¡ tambiÃ©n" ("And Your Mother, Too") (2001), which propelled him to the upper tier of international filmmakers. Though graphic in its depiction of sexuality, the film nonetheless led to CuarÃ³nâ¿¿s next job, directing "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" (2004), one of the darker and more thrilling films in the successful franchise. CuarÃ³n then helmed perhaps his finest work, "Children of Men" (2006), a dystopian science fiction thriller that garnered widespread acclaim and turned the director into a household name.
Born on Nov. 28, 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, CuarÃ³n was the son of Alfredo CuarÃ³n, a nuclear scientist who worked for the United Nationsâ¿¿ International Atomic Energy Agency and who left the family when his children were young. CuarÃ³n grew up an avid film watcher, which led to studying both cinema and philosophy at the National Autonomous University of Mexico before moving on to learn film at the Centro Universitario de Estudios CinematogrÃ¡ficos in Mexico City. But because he directed his first short film, "Vengeance Is Mine," in English, CuarÃ³n was summarily kicked out of film school. He picked himself up by working as a technician in television, while also serving as an assistant director on many English-language films shot in Mexico and Latin America, including on Luis Mandokiâ¿¿s docudrama "Gaby-A Love Story" (1987) and the same biopic "Romero" (1989), starring Raul Julia as the doomed Archbishop Oscar Romero. CuarÃ³n made the transition to feature film director with "Love in the Time of Hysteria" ("Solo Con Tu Pareja") (1991), an inventive romantic comedy about a young man (GimÃ©nez Cacho) misdiagnosed with AIDS by a jilted lover (Dobrina Liubomirova), who contemplates suicide, only to fall for a flight attendant (Claudia RamÃrez) also looking to end her life.
Written with his brother, Carlos CuarÃ³n, "Love in the Time of Hysteria" was refused distribution by the Mexican government, but found life on the international film festival circuit, where it eventually caught Hollywoodâ¿¿s attention. Director-producer Sydney Pollack took special notice and brought CuarÃ³n to the United States in order for him to helm an episode of his noir anthology series, "Fallen Angels" (Showtime, 1993-95), which earned him a CableACE Award for his work. Moving on to features, CuarÃ³n directed "The Little Princess" (1995), a critically-acclaimed box office failure that was the third go-around for the Frances Hodgson Burnett story. First shot in 1917 as a silent starring Mary Pickford and remade as a Shirley Temple vehicle in 1939, the story centered on a young girl of privilege (Liesel Matthews) forced into servitude at an austere boarding school as she searches for her lost father. Critics championed CuarÃ³n's film, a beautifully-photographed and stylized version that captured the charm and grace of the original story while adding its own dose of unflinching realism. Warner Brothers attempted to garner audience support by re-releasing the film after its initial theatrical run, but audiences stayed away. At year's end, however, CuarÃ³n was cited by the Los Angeles Film Critics for his efforts.
For his follow-up to "A Little Princess," CuarÃ³n directed "Great Expectations" (1997), a modern update of the Dickens classic set in a Florida fishing village and New York art's scene. Still a tale of a young man making his way in the world, the film starred Ethan Hawke, Robert De Niro and Gwyneth Paltrow, but was met with mixed reviews and a mediocre box office performance. With his next project, CuarÃ³n at last found serious acclaim and popularity with the release of "Y tu mamÃ¡ tambiÃ©n" ("And Your Mother Too") (2001), the frank and funny portrayal of two adolescent boys (Diego Luna and Gael GarcÃa Bernal) and their road trip with an older woman (Maribel VerdÃº) that turned into an runaway international success. The film was an intoxicating mix of road comedy, sex romp and socially aware drama that seemed to flow on the screen and sweep audiences away. Although the film was met with some controversy over its graphic sex scenes, the overwhelming response was positive. CuarÃ³n had captured the passion of youth and showed it to audiences in an authentically tender, albeit raw, way. Perhaps treading into the wild and isolated land of his native Mexico allowed CuarÃ³n to find this charmingly honest story of the unspoiled hearts of two boys before they become men.
The success of "Y tu mamÃ¡ tambiÃ©n" led CuarÃ³n to a seemingly unlikely and far more commercial project, helming "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" (2004), the third film installment of the popular J.K. Rowling series. While CuarÃ³n demonstrated a potent sense of visual flair and brought a welcome element of darkness to the franchise, the film â¿¿ like its predecessors â¿¿ still suffered from an understandable unwillingness to stray too far from the source material, leading to a certain sense of over-caution. Nonetheless, "The Prisoner of Azkaban" was another in a long line of box office successes for the franchise, taking in close to $800 million worldwide. Prior to "Harry Potter" being made and "Y tu mamÃ¡ tambiÃ©n" being released, CuarÃ³n was approached by producers Hilary Schor and Marc Abraham, who had acquired the rights to author P.D. James' 1992 dystopian novel, Children of Men. Though CuarÃ³n was interested, Universal Pictures lacked enthusiasm, perhaps due in part to the events of September 11, 2001; at the time, studios were highly reluctant to produce bleak films about the end of human civilization. Ultimately, CuarÃ³n went on to direct "Harry Potter," promising Schor he would return.
CuarÃ³n stayed true to his word, returning from England with renewed perspective and the clout of a hit director. He and writing partner Timothy Sexton set out to work on the script, infusing current events like the war in Iraq, torturing prisoners, and illegal immigration into a framework that transformed James' meditation on the loss of hope into a hyperkinetic mix of chaos, martial law and the collapsing of a not-too-futuristic society. CuarÃ³n and Sexton developed not a science fiction story, but a "movie about the state of things," which reflected the failings of humanity and people's lack of historical perspective. "Children of Men" (2006) starred Clive Owen as Theo, a former political activist-turned-bureaucrat and Julianne Moore as his former love, who convinces him to help transport a young woman (Claire-Hope Ashitey) pregnant with the world's only child after civilization has long been infertile to safety. While box office success remained elusive, "Children of Men" roused critics, many of whom called it the best film of 2006, and it became a favorite among film buffs for several high-impact tracking shots that were long talked about following the filmâ¿¿s release. The Academy Awards failed to nominate the film for Best Picture, though CuarÃ³n did receive a nod for Best Adapted Screenplay. After producing friend Guillermo del Toroâ¿¿s hit "Panâ¿¿s Labyrinth" (2006), he formed the independent production company Cha Cha Cha with fellow Mexican-born filmmakers del Toro and director Alejandro GonzÃ¡les IÃ±Ã¡rritu, which was set to finance five films for a total budget of $100 million, including IÃ±Ã¡rrituâ¿¿s "Biutiful" (2010).
CuarÃ³n's next film, "Gravity" (2013), was a technological breakthrough, using innovative camera techniques to film stars Sandra Bullock and George Clooney as astronauts stranded in outer space. The script, by CuarÃ³n and his son Jonas, was equally acclaimed. A massive commercial success, "Gravity" was nominated for 10 Academy Awards and won seven, including Best Director for CuarÃ³n.
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