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|Also Known As:||Billy Casey,Billie Cassin,Lucille Fay Le Sueur||Died:||May 10, 1977|
|Born:||March 23, 1904||Cause of Death:||acute coronary occlusion|
|Birth Place:||San Antonio, Texas, USA||Profession:||Cast ... actor dancer laundress waitress shopgirl|
Joan Crawford's extraordinary career encompassed over 45 years and some 80 films. After a tough, poor childhood, she was spotted in a chorus line by MGM and signed as an ingenue in 1925. Her portrayal of a good-hearted flapper in her 21st film, "Our Dancing Daughters" (1928), made her a star. Crawford maintained this status throughout the remainder of her career, but not without setbacks. She successfully made the transition to sound films, her Jazz Age image being replaced by young society matrons and sincere, upwardly mobile, sometimes gritty working girls (memorably in "Grand Hotel" 1932) and her mien adopting the carefully sculptured cheekbones, broad shoulders and full mouth audiences remember her for. Her MGM films of the 1930s, though lavish and stylish, were mostly routine and superficial. Despite mature and impressive performances in "The Women" (1939) and "A Woman's Face" (1941), both directed by George Cukor, Crawford continued to be given less-than-challenging roles by the studio.
In 1943 Crawford left MGM and her career took a decided upward turn after she signed with Warner Bros. the following year. In numerous Warner Bros. melodramas and "films noir", a new Crawford persona emerged: intelligent, often neurotic, powerful and sometimes ruthless, but also vulnerable and dependent. Memorable roles in "Mildred Pierce" (1945, for which she deservedly won an Oscar), "Humoresque" (1946) and "Possessed" (1947) restored and consolidated her popularity. In her nine "films noirs" for Warner Bros. and other studios, as well in most of her non-"noir" features (such as "Harriet Craig", 1950), Crawford gave expert and fully realized interpretations.
After this brief period of success, Crawford's career declined once again, and in 1952 her remarkable business acumen told her to leave Warners. She freelanced thereafter, notably for RKO in "Sudden Fear" (1952), a performance which earned Crawford her third Oscar nomination for Best Actress. She was also memorable as a female firebrand in Nicholas Ray's outrageously stylized Western, "Johnny Guitar" (1954). With the exception of "Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?" (1962), Crawford's performances of the 60s were mostly self-caricatures in second-rate horror films ("Berserk!" 1967, "Trog" 1970). Although these later features were poor vehicles for her talents, she was a resilient and consummate professional with an uncanny knowledge of the business of stardom who was fiercely loyal to her fans and who continued to impose the highest standards of performance upon herself. Crawford was married to actors Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Franchot Tone and was portrayed as a cruel, violent and calculating mother by Faye Dunaway in the 1981 film, "Mommie Dearest", based on a scathing biography by her adopted daughter Christina.
kmprod77 ( 2007-08-13 )
Source: Several books as listed above.
Miss Crawford married Alfred Steele in 1955, not 1956, as stated. Every book written about her (including her own autobiographies, state this). Speaking of books, many more could be added to the bibliography section as reference works:
The Films Of Joan Crawford (1968, Lawrence J. Quirk)
Four Fabulous Faces (1970, Larry Carr)
The Raging Star (1975, Charles Castle)
Crawford - The Last Years (1979, Carl Johnes)
Conversations With Joan Crawford (1980, Roy Newquist)
Jazz Baby (1983, David Houston)
Joan Crawford - The Ultimate Star (1983, Alexander Walker)
Crawford's Men (1988, Jane Ellen Wayne)
Bette & Joan - The Divine Feud (1989, Shaun Considine)
Joan Crawford - The Last Word (1995, Fred Lawrence Guiles)
Joan Crawford - The Essential Biography (2002, Lawrence J. Quirk & William Schoell)
Joan Crawford - Hollywood Martyr (2006)
*Also: Joan Crawford - Her Life In Letters (Michelle Vogel)
***Also, you stated that the book - Joan Crawford by Stephen Harvey was published in 1975. It actually came out in 1974.
The dates for (but not listed) for Joan Crawford by Bob Thomas and Mommie Dearest by Christina Crawford are both 1978.
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