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|Also Known As:||Calvin Broadus, Bigg Snoop Dogg, Calvin Broadus Jr. (Snoop Dogg), Niggaracci, Dj Snoopadelic, Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Calvin C. Broadus, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Snoop Lion||Died:|
|Born:||October 20, 1971||Cause of Death:|
|Birth Place:||Los Angeles, California, USA||Profession:||musician, rapper, actor, composer, producer|
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With his thought-provoking rhymes that authentically described the violence of urban living delivered in his distinct smooth, slow, laid-back growl, Snoop Dogg undeniably set the bar high for rap and hip-hop artists. With the release of his debut album, Doggystyle (1993), Snoop Dogg redefined the sound of West Coast rap, infusing it with his own autobiographical stories and profanity- and violence-laced lyrics. The album quickly shot up to the top of the charts, thanks to the hit singles "Who I Am (Whatâ¿¿s My Name?)" and "Gin and Juice." The insolent rapperâ¿¿s subsequent songs, including "Drop it Like itâ¿¿s Hot" (2004) and "Thatâ¿¿s That Shit" (2006), kept Snoop Dogg in the forefront of hip-hop music. And in spite of his frequent and well-publicized run-ins with authorities, Snoop Dogg never lost his cool nor his consistent presence on the charts. In the 2000s, he began to shed his gangster image, adopting a kinder, gentler persona that even mainstream America could wholly embrace â¿¿ and miraculously without losing his street credibility. Throughout the rest of his illustrious career, Snoop Dogg â¿¿ who started calling himself Snoop Lion in 2012 â¿¿ kept delivering the hard-hitting and incendiary...
With his thought-provoking rhymes that authentically described the violence of urban living delivered in his distinct smooth, slow, laid-back growl, Snoop Dogg undeniably set the bar high for rap and hip-hop artists. With the release of his debut album, Doggystyle (1993), Snoop Dogg redefined the sound of West Coast rap, infusing it with his own autobiographical stories and profanity- and violence-laced lyrics. The album quickly shot up to the top of the charts, thanks to the hit singles "Who I Am (Whatâ¿¿s My Name?)" and "Gin and Juice." The insolent rapperâ¿¿s subsequent songs, including "Drop it Like itâ¿¿s Hot" (2004) and "Thatâ¿¿s That Shit" (2006), kept Snoop Dogg in the forefront of hip-hop music. And in spite of his frequent and well-publicized run-ins with authorities, Snoop Dogg never lost his cool nor his consistent presence on the charts. In the 2000s, he began to shed his gangster image, adopting a kinder, gentler persona that even mainstream America could wholly embrace â¿¿ and miraculously without losing his street credibility. Throughout the rest of his illustrious career, Snoop Dogg â¿¿ who started calling himself Snoop Lion in 2012 â¿¿ kept delivering the hard-hitting and incendiary rhymes that first catapulted him to stardom, and never wavered in his quest to stake his place as one of gangster rap musicâ¿¿s most original artists.
Snoop Dogg was born Cordozar Calvin Broadus on Oct. 20, 1971 in Long Beach, CA. The future hip-hop star received his nickname because his parents thought he looked like the Peanuts comic character, Snoopy. His passion for music began at an early age; he started to rap in sixth grade and sang in the choir of the local Golgotha Trinity Baptist Church. Growing up poor and in an area surrounded by violence, Snoop frequently ran into trouble with the law. He later claimed that while he hung out with gang members, he never actually joined a gang. After graduating from Long Beach Polytechnic High School, Snoop spent time in prison for drug trafficking. To escape his troubled life, he started making music. In the early 1990s, through his friend and fellow rapper Warren G, Snoop met Death Row Records producer Dr. Dre. The two hit it off, and were soon collaborating on the theme song for the film "Deep Cover" (1992) and on Dr. Dreâ¿¿s debut album The Chronic (1992), considered by many to have redefined the sound of West Coast rap by infusing it with intense profanity, explicit lyrics, and anti-establishment sentiments.
Boosted by the exposure he received for his fresh verses on The Chronic, Snoopâ¿¿s debut album Doggystyle quickly soared to the No. 1 spot on Billboardâ¿¿s hip-hop and Top 200 charts, selling more than five million copies. Fueled by the smash hits "Who I Am (Whatâ¿¿s My Name?)" and "Gin and Juice," the album made Snoop â¿¿ with his distinctively soothing and slow rap drawl, coupled with a laid-back delivery â¿¿ became the most ubiquitous man in hip-hop music. His subsequent album releases, including The Doggfather (1996), also reached the top of the charts.
In the early 2000s, Snoop shed his "gangster" image and instead adopted more of a "pimp" persona, swathing himself in long mink coats and making public appearances with women on leashes, much to the chagrin of his critics. He was extremely vocal about his love for marijuana, which â¿¿ much like country music icon Willie Nelson â¿¿ became part of his image as well. Famous for adding "izzle" to the end of words whenever possible, Snoop collaborated with many artists from various genres, including Pharrell Williams on the smash hit single "Drop it Like itâ¿¿s Hot," Justin Timberlake and Charlie Wilson on "Signs" (2004), and appeared in the music video for rock band Kornâ¿¿s "Twisted Transistor" (2005). One of his most critically acclaimed albums was The Blue Carpet Treatment (2006), which featured tracks reminiscent of his earlier gangster raps, such as "10 Lilâ¿¿ Crips," "Gangbangn 101," and "Candy (Drippinâ¿¿ Like Water)." The album also featured the chart-topping single "Thatâ¿¿s That Shit," and the hypnotic "Imagine," a collaboration with his former mentor, Dr. Dre.
Throughout his career, Snoop found himself in the midst of legal troubles and was often used as an example of misogynistic musicians because of his profanity- and violence-laced songs. In 1993, he was convicted of cocaine possession and was arrested in connection with the murder of a rival gang member; he was later cleared of the murder charges in 1996. In 2005, Snoop Dogg was sued for an alleged sexual assault that occurred in 2003. He made headlines again in 2006 when he and his entourage were taken into custody at a London airport for getting into a fight at a terminal, and punishment, were banned entry to the United Kingdom. That same year, the rapper was arrested at the Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, CA for possession of marijuana and a gun in his vehicle.
In spite of the controversy surrounding his music and his personal life, Snoop Doggâ¿¿s career never lagged and he successfully transitioned from being a tough gangster into a mainstream artist even your mother could love. He branched out as an actor, with featured roles in films like "Half Baked" (1998), "Training Day" (2001) as a wheelchair-bound drug dealer, and in the remake of the popular TV series of the same name "Starsky & Hutch" (2004), as a drug dealer-turned-informant Huggy Bear. In 2007, Snoop Dogg showed mainstream America his gentler side on "Snoop Doggâ¿¿s Father Hood" (E!, 2007-09), an entertaining reality series wherein cameras captured the quick-witted rapper in his best attempts to become a "soccer dad." On the series, the rapper did some light housekeeping, tried yoga, and attempted to eat healthier, all in an effort to appease his wife.
The acting bug had obviously bit, leading to more appearances by the eternally laid-back rap star, including a head-scratching guest appearance as himself on the daytime soap opera "One Life to Live" (ABC, 1968- ) â¿¿ he had been a fan of the soap since childhood â¿¿ and a cameo in Sacha Baron Cohenâ¿¿s mockumentary comedy film "BrÃ¼no" (2009). In 2009, Snoop Dogg released his 10th studio album, Malice N Wonderland, featuring the single "Gangsta Luv," and the following year, he collaborated with pop star Katy Perry on her chart-topping ode to summer, "California Gurls." He went on to record his eleventh album, Doggumentary (2011), which debuted at No. 8 on the Billboard 200. Looking to break away from his old persona, Snoop Dogg converted to Rastafarianism and adopted a new stage name, Snoop Lion, which was given to him by reggae star Bunny Wailer. With a new reggae-inspired album in the works, he released his first single, "La La La," under his new pseudonym, but angered many Rastafarians â¿¿ particularly Wailer himself â¿¿ for claiming to be the reincarnation of the legendary Bob Marley. Of course, with his new style came the opportunity to promote smoking marijuana, which became an even bigger part of his image than it was previously â¿¿ as if that were even possible.
By Candy Cuenco
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CAST: (feature film)
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In October 2001, Snoop Dogg was arrested in Ohio for possession of marijuana. He pleaded not guilty.
"Looking out at those happy white people, bumping to the beat, flashing signs and singing along to my words, I have to ask myself, 'What are they getting out of all this? How is it they can relate to hip-hop as strongly as anybody as black as I am? What's the connection?' The answer comes around to being real. It doesn't matter what color you are -- anything that's got the ring of truth, you got to deal with it one way or the other ... so I just tell the truth and let the rest of you motherfuckers sort it out for yourselves." -- from his autobiography "Tha Doggfather", published in 1999.
Snoop Dogg on the similarities between himself and the character he plays in "Bones" (2001), his feature starring debut: "Jimmy Bones is the people's people. He just takes care of the community. He loves the community. He symbolizes peace. He's for what's right as far as the community's 0oncerned. The love that he receives is the love that I receive. You know, it's a thin line between love and hate. But it's love, hate, fear, and respect. And that's what makes up Jimmy Bones, and that's a part of me."
"Jimmy Bones is the baddest motherf***er the world has ever seen. You dig? Jimmy Bones is the biggest thing to hit the big screen since John Travolta in 'Saturday Night Fever'. It's the whole phenomenon, his hair, his attitude, his car, his woman, everything. His conversation. His lingo. You know, the way that women just want to sit down and converse with him for a minute or two, ask him a few questions, the way the kids want an autograph. People want to take pictures with him and just stand next to him. Sit in his car, hold his steering wheel. Try on his jacket, you know.
"It's not a costume, baby, it's me. You know, when I take it off it's a costume. When I got it on, it's me." --quoted in the MTVNEWS.com May 1, 2000 feature "Snoop Dogg: Believe It".
"I think music is harder for me because acting is already scripted. So you get a chance to rehearse it and go over it and know what you're going to say and how you're gonna do it before you do it. But the music is basically emotional, right on the right. Spiritually, what you're thinking, what you're feeling right now.
"I want to do this when I'm finished with rapping. I want to go full speed on this acting thing. Because it's more behind the scenes. The rapping thing is year-round. We don't never get a vacation." --Snoop Dogg quoted in the MTVNEWS.com interview "Snoop Dogg: Believe It", May 1, 2000.
Snoop Dogg on his label Dogghouse and his unusual deal with artists wherein they retain 100% of the rights to their work: "That's what it's about. If you write the song and you do your thing, you're supposed to get paid for it. I feel like I shouldn't rob or continue to rape artists like the system is set up to do if I can give opportunity." --quoted in the MTVNEWS.com article "Snoop Dogg: God Bless My Enemies", December 1, 2000.
"I'm a workaholic. When ya sleeping, I'm working. I keep it cracking. Before I went on tour I had four songs, then I made some more songs, and before you know it I had 20 songs and chose from them." --Snoop Dogg on finding time for songwriting while he pursues a film career, quoted in the December 1, 2000 MTVNEWS.com feature "Snoop Dogg: God Bless My Enemies".
On his trial ordeal..."...gave me a chance to put God at the head of my life."--Snoop Dogg Entertainment Weekly september 6, 2002
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