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Charles Chaplin

Charles Chaplin

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Also Known As: Died: December 25, 1977
Born: April 16, 1889 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: London, England, GB Profession: Cast ...
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MILESTONES

:
Began music hall career at age 5
1898:
Toured as one of the Eight Lancashire Lads
1903:
First featured stage role in "Sherlock Holmes"; toured English provinces
1905:
Appeared in London West End production of "Sherlock Holmes", starring its American author, William Gillette
1907:
Joined Fred Karno's Pantomime Troupe in England; quickly rose to Karno's star attraction, specializing in a dexterous portrayal of a comic drunk
1910:
Made first trip to America with Karno's Speechless Comedians
1913:
Hired by Mack Sennett's Keystone Company while on tour with Karno; left for Hollywood, arriving on Sennett's lot in December with a contract for $150 per week
1914:
Film acting debut in Keystone's "Making a Living"
1914:
First appearance of the tramp in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"
1914:
Directed, acted in and wrote over 20 shorts
1915:
Left Keystone Company; signed with Essanay Company for $1250 per week (Sennett had offered $750) plus a $10,000 signing bonus; met key collaborator, cameraman Rollie Totheroh, who would shoot every Chaplin film (and only Chaplin films) until his death in 1946
1915:
First film with Edna Purviance; she would play the idealized woman in every Chaplin film for the next eight years, remaining on the Chaplin payroll until her death in 1958
1916:
Moved to Mutual Film Corporation; the popularity of such Mutual two-reelers as "The Pawnshop", "The Immigrant" and "Easy Street" (only pic in which he ever played a cop) made him an international star
1918:
Signed by First National Exhibitors Circuit, producing his films independently; contract allowed him to build his own studio, which he alone used until 1952
1919:
Co-founded United Artists Corporation (with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D.W. Griffith)
1921:
Strayed from First National contract calling for two-reelers to make "The Kid" (a six-reeler), his longest and most ambitious film to that time
1923:
Wrote and directed (appearing only briefly as a railway porter) "A Woman of Paris" (first full-length film), a comedy of manners starring Purviance (her final film with Chaplin); first UA release
1925:
Tramp's feature debut for UA, "The Gold Rush"; Chaplin called it "the picture I want to be remembered by"
1928:
Awarded an honorary Oscar for "versatility and genius in writing, acting, directing, and producing 'The Circus'"
1931:
First feature of the sound era, "City Lights" (a silent film); fourth biggest grosser of the year
1936:
Voice first heard in a commercial film, "Modern Times", when he sang a nonsense song; mild left-wing point of view signaled his growing political convivtion; year's second biggest money-earner after "San Francisco"
1940:
First full talkie, "The Great Dictator"; received Oscar nominations for best actor, best screenplay and best picture; refused New York Film Critics Award as Best Actor
1942:
His appearance at a rally supporting a Russian counterattack of Germany (a second front) led to his becoming a target of investigation by the FBI
1943:
Named in paternity suit by actress Joan Barry, who claimed that Chaplin had been her lover for several years and was the father of her child; though Chaplin denied Barry's claims and genetic evidence suggested that he was not the father of her child, the court ruled in Barry's favor
1947:
Played "lady killer" in "Monsieur Verdoux"; Oscar-nominated for his screenplay
:
Refused to testify before House Committee on Un-American Activities
1952:
Denied reentry into America after attending the London premiere of "Limelight" (only film in which he appared with Buster Keaton); settled in Switzerland
:
Sold interest in United Artists
1957:
First film outside the US, "A King in New York"
1963:
Orchestrated a festival of his films in NYC
1967:
Last film, "The Countess of Hong Kong", starring Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando; Chaplin had cameo as waiter
1972:
Returned to the USA after nearly 20 years to accept an honorary Academy Award
1975:
Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
1978:
Body dug up by two grave robbers on March 2; found 2 1/2 months later and reburied
1992:
Subject of a biographical motion picture "Chaplin", directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Robert Downey Jr
1995:
Voted the greatest actor in movie history by a worldwide survey of film critics

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