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Also Known As: Died:
Born: January 31, 1921 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Seattle, Washington, USA Profession: actor, singer, dancer

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Dubbed The First Lady of Musical Comedy, Carol Channing spent over five decades on the Broadway stage and was forever linked with signature leading roles in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" and "Hello, Dolly!" The flamboyant peroxide blonde with the fire engine red lipstick and ever-present smile earned multiple Tony Awards for her extended stage runs in those Broadway blockbusters, as well as recognition for musicals "Vamp," "Showgirl" and "Lorelei." But Channing became a recognized pop culture icon far from New York theater circles, bringing her larger-than-life personality to primetime as the star of variety specials and with her Oscar- and Golden Globe-nominated starring turn in the musical film "Thoroughly Modern Millie" (1967). With the exception of that stroke of pitch perfect casting and a brilliant performance, Channing's talent generally did not translate successfully to the big screen. No matter, as audiences were most captivated by the "Channing" persona, which they were able to enjoy with her many appearances on cheeky celebrity panel game shows, variety specials and awards shows. While Channing's highly recognizable voice was a favorite of impressionists, and female impersonators latched onto...

Dubbed The First Lady of Musical Comedy, Carol Channing spent over five decades on the Broadway stage and was forever linked with signature leading roles in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" and "Hello, Dolly!" The flamboyant peroxide blonde with the fire engine red lipstick and ever-present smile earned multiple Tony Awards for her extended stage runs in those Broadway blockbusters, as well as recognition for musicals "Vamp," "Showgirl" and "Lorelei." But Channing became a recognized pop culture icon far from New York theater circles, bringing her larger-than-life personality to primetime as the star of variety specials and with her Oscar- and Golden Globe-nominated starring turn in the musical film "Thoroughly Modern Millie" (1967). With the exception of that stroke of pitch perfect casting and a brilliant performance, Channing's talent generally did not translate successfully to the big screen. No matter, as audiences were most captivated by the "Channing" persona, which they were able to enjoy with her many appearances on cheeky celebrity panel game shows, variety specials and awards shows. While Channing's highly recognizable voice was a favorite of impressionists, and female impersonators latched onto her thick-lashed caricature of a Broadway diva, the singer, dancer, and comedienne performed throughout her eighties, continually criss-crossing the country in musical comedy revues, one-woman shows, and endless revivals of her best loved characters, Dolly and Lorelei.

Channing was born in Seattle, WA, on Jan. 31, 1921, but was raised in San Francisco where her father was a newspaper editor and high profile Christian Science lecturer. It was only in her late teens that Channing was informed that her German-American father had actually been born in Georgia to an African-American mother - a fact Channing kept private until the publication of her memoir in 2003. But prior to learning her family history, Channing was raised as an only child who learned to entertain herself from an early age. She first discovered her talent for entertaining others when the seven-year-old unleashed impressions of her teachers on the students at school and earned rounds of laughter. She was hooked on the positive feedback and after taking the stage in high school, she went on to study dance and drama at Bennington College in Vermont. Later, in New York, she aligned herself with avant garde theater but found more success when she began to work alongside Zero Mostel in a Greenwich Village club, doing imitations of early stage and screen stars like Beatrice Lillie, Sophie Tucker and Tallulah Bankhead.

After some time working on the resort circuit and New York theater chorus and understudy gigs, Channing got her first break when she was cast by Gower Champion in the 1948 Broadway revue "Lend An Ear," in which she wowed audiences by playing such diverse characters as a French movie star, a British Christian Scientist, and 1920s flapper. The following year, she hit Broadway in a starring role as Lorelei Lee, the "Little Girl from Little Rock" for whom diamonds are a girl's best friends in the musical "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes." The successful musical ran for nearly two years and transformed Channing into a bona fide Broadway star whose reputation spread far beyond the Great White Way. She went on to make her film debut in the Hal Wallis-produced melodrama "Paid in Full" (1949), but when she was not inundated with follow-up film offers, she revived her role of Lorelei in a Chicago run of "Gentlemen," toured the U.S. in "Pygmalion," and returned to Broadway in "Wonderful Town" and "Vamp."

In 1955, Channing portrayed a beautiful artist's model transformed into a great singer by a hypnotic genius (Basil Rathbone) in the amusing TV musical special, "Svengali and the Blonde" (NBC). She hit movie theaters the following year in a role as the slightly mature love interest to Clint Eastwood in the oddball Western "The First Traveling Saleslady" (1956). An indefatigable stage performer, Channing also toured nightclubs across the U.S. in between theater engagements, often appearing alongside comic duo Burns & Allen. Channing graced the Broadway stage again in late 1963, brilliantly cast in the lead as brassy busybody and matchmaker Dolly Gallagher in "Hello, Dolly!" The blockbuster production garnered 10 Tony Awards including one for its star, who gave commanding performances for over three years. The original cast album became an all-time bestseller in its field; even bumping the Beatles off the music charts when it was released. Channing, herself chatty, effervescent, and rarely seen without an ear-to-ear grin, had established herself as a show business institution, so it was only natural that she would become a mainstay on personality-based game shows like "What's My Line" (CBS, syndicated, 1950-1975), "To Tell the Truth" (CBS, 1956-1968; syndicated 1969-1978) and make recurring appearances on the comedy/variety show, "Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In" (NBC, 1968-1973).

The Broadway star returned to the big screen with her role as a 1920s "jazz baby" in the musical "Thoroughly Modern Millie" (1967), inarguably the best screen role to utilize the actress' charisma and talents. For her captivating performance, Channing won a Golden Globe Award and earned an Oscar nomination as Best Supporting Actress. During the same period, she found a great reception for a series of television specials, including "An Evening with Carol Channing" (CBS, 1966), "Carol Channing and 101 Men" (ABC, 1967) and "Carol Channing Proudly Presents the Seven Deadly Sins" (ABC, 1969), all of which featured musical performances by Channing and music and comedy from high profile showbiz guests. Appropriate screen roles remained at bay, though she did appear as Jackie Gleason's bohemian wife in a pallid Otto Preminger comedy "Skidoo" (1968). She starred again on Broadway in the 1970 comedy "Four on a Garden" and in 1971, discovered another excellent outlet as a voiceover actress in animated films when she landed a role in "Shinbone Alley" (1971). After earning another Tony nomination for reviving her famous character in the spin-off musical "Lorelei," Channing toured the U.S. with "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" in 1975.

With the exception of a recurring guest character role on "The Love Boat" (ABC, 1977-1986), Channing stuck to the stage, reprising her role in "Hello Dolly!" in Los Angeles in 1977 and on Broadway again in 1978 before taking that production on the road in 1981. She and fellow Broadway leading lady Mary Martin played rival actresses in a touring musical production called "Legends," while Channing played The White Queen in an all-star version of "Alice in Wonderland" (CBS, 1985) on CBS. While continuing to perform regularly in nightclub acts in Las Vegas and throughout the U.S., Channing also recorded more than 20 children's albums, ramping up her voiceover career with roles in "Where's Waldo?" (1991), "Hans Christian Andersen's 'Thumbelina'" (1994), and the PBS series "The Magic School Bus" (1994-99). In 1994, Channing once again donned the familiar red dress and returned to the Harmonia Gardens for a 30th anniversary production of "Hello, Dolly!" The following year, she received a special Lifetime Achievement Tony Award and embarked on a 51-city concert tour of the U.S., resurfacing on primetime with rare guest appearances (as herself) on "The Drew Carey Show" (ABC, 1995-2004) and "Touched by an Angel" (CBS, 1994-2003).

In 2003, Channing released the memoir Just Lucky, I Guess and launched a national touring one-woman show entitled "The First Eighty Years are the Hardest." Well into her eighties, she continued to appear in stage revues that mixed song, dance and plenty of old show biz anecdotes while maintaining a screen presence with voiceover roles on animated series including "The Family Guy" (Fox, 1999-2002; 2005- ) and "American Dad!" (Fox, 2005- ).

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

2.
 Broadway: The Golden Age (2004) Herself
4.
 Thumbelina (1994) Voice Of Miss Fieldmouse
5.
 Happily Ever After (1993) Voice Of Muddy
6.
 Wisecracks (1991) Herself (Archival Footage)
8.
 Shinbone Alley (1971) [Voice of] Mehitabel
9.
 Skidoo (1968) Flo Banks
10.
 Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967) Muzzy Van Hossmere
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1948:
Broadway debut in the revue "Lend An Ear", directed by Gower Champion
1949:
Establishing performance as star in musical "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes"
1949:
Film acting debut in "Paid in Full"
1950:
TV debut on "Prudential Family Playhouse"
1955:
Starred on TV in "Svengali and the Blonde" with Ethel Barrymore
1956:
Played second female lead (to star Ginger Rogers) in the feature comedy "The First Traveling Saleslady"; played love interest of Clint Eastwood
1964:
Appeared on Broadway in signature role of Dolly Levi in "Hello, Dolly!", directed by Gower Champion
1966:
First TV special as headliner, "An Evening With Carol Channing" (CBS)
1967:
Earned Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actress for her work in "Thoroughly Modern Millie"
1967:
Starred in in ABC special, "Carol Channing and 101 Men"
1968:
Starred in feature "Skidoo"
1969:
Teamed with another Dolly for "Carol Channing and Pearl Bailey on Broadway" (ABC)
1969:
Headlined ABC special "Carol Channing Proudly Presents the Seven Deadly Sins"
1971:
Debut with animated voice work, "Shinbone Alley"
1982:
Launched revival tour of "Hello, Dolly!"
1985:
Portrayed White Queen in CBS miniseries, "Alice in Wonderland"
1985:
Toured with Mary Martin in stage play "Legends"
1990:
Provided character voice for animated feature "Happily Ever After"
1992:
Voiced Granny Frump in the animated "The Addams Family" (ABC)
:
Promoted her "Broadway Collection" jewelry, sold on home shopping networks
1993:
Was Grand Marshall (along with songwriter Jerry Herman) on the Los Angeles Lesbian and Gay Pride Parade
:
Launched another tour of "Hello, Dolly!"; passed 4,500 performance milestone during the tour and its Broadway run
1996:
In November, missed first performances in over 35 years when hospitalized with a virus in Kalamazoo, MI
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Lowell High School: San Francisco , California -
Bennington College: Bennington , Vermont -
Bennington College: Bennington , Vermont -
Commodore Sloat Elementary School: San Francisco , California -

Notes

Channing was named on President Richard M. Nixon's "Enemies List" in 1972. It was suggested this was because of her association with President Lyndon B. Johnson, an unabashed fan.

Channing generally doesn't miss performances. And she once performed the entire second half of "Hello, Dolly!" with an untreated broken arm. In November 1996, however, after nearly 5,000 performances in "Hello, Dolly!", she was forced by illness to miss five performances in Kalamazoo, MI, due to dizziness. Doctors attributed her symptoms to a virus.

Channing has been known to bring her own food to restaurants, keeping to a strict, self-devised diet.

The auditorium at Lowell High School in San Francisco is named for one of its most famous alumna, Channing.

Sometimes rumored to be bald underneath her signature blonde wig, Channing, in fact, has a healthy head of greyish-brown hair, as reported in USA Today, July 12, 1994.

"We don't have Hamlet or Lady Macbeth. Dolly is our classic." --Channing commenting on her enduring signature role in "Hello, Dolly!" in TheaterWeek, October 23, 1995.

"It's happiness. What am I supposed to save myself for? This is pleasure. I'm using every faculty my brain and body can give me, to the hilt--everything I've got that is strong and healthy. Now, what on earth is better than that? That's magic!" --Channing on why she continues to work so hard at age 74, in Vanity Fair, October, 1995.

"Performing is like oxygen to her." --Comment about Channing by longtime friend, playwright Jean Kerr, in TheaterWeek, October 23, 1995.

Companions close complete companion listing

husband:
Theodore Naidish. Novelist. Divorced.
husband:
Al Carlson. Football player. Divorced in September 1956.
husband:
Charles Lowe. Manager. Born on December 24, 1911; married on September 5, 1956; suffered debilitating stroke in December 1997; Channing reportedly separated from Lowe and went to live with her son; she filed for divorce in May 1998; died on September 2, 1999 at age 87.
companion:
Harry Kullijian. Co-owner of Mervyn's department store. Channing's childhood sweetheart who sought her out after reading about himself in her memoirs; engaged as of March 2003.
VIEW COMPLETE COMPANION LISTING

Family close complete family listing

father:
George Channing. Christian Science lecturer, newspaper editor.
mother:
Adelaide Channing.
son:
Channing George Lowe. Political cartoonist.

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