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Johnny Cash

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Also Known As: J R Cash, John R Cash Died: September 12, 2003
Born: February 26, 1932 Cause of Death: complications from diabetes
Birth Place: Kingsland, Arkansas, USA Profession: singer, songwriter, guitarist, door-to-door salesman

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Forever known as country music's iconic Man in Black, Johnny Cash was a man of contradictions and deep-seated convictions, who never ceased to push himself as an artist or as a human being. Born poor in the South, Cash experienced tragedy at an early age when his older brother, Jack, died in a horrible work-related accident. It was a devastating shock that surely informed much of the darker aspects of Cash's troubled personal life and artistic output throughout his coming career. After signing on to legendary Sun Records in the mid-1950s, Cash became a national sensation with signature numbers like "I Walk the Line." Subsequent hits followed, combined with an intense touring schedule that fueled an addiction to narcotics. In the early 1960s, Cash began a long acting career with a leading role in the low-budget crime drama "Door-to-Door Maniac" (1961), and later, in the anti-Western "A Gunfight" (1971), opposite film legend Kirk Douglas. On television, he hosted several musical variety shows, like "Johnny Cash and Friends" (CBS, 1975-76), and would go on to star in made-for-TV movies, such as "The Pride of Jesse Hallam" (CBS, 1981). Cash's influence ranged beyond mere country music, however, as he was...

Forever known as country music's iconic Man in Black, Johnny Cash was a man of contradictions and deep-seated convictions, who never ceased to push himself as an artist or as a human being. Born poor in the South, Cash experienced tragedy at an early age when his older brother, Jack, died in a horrible work-related accident. It was a devastating shock that surely informed much of the darker aspects of Cash's troubled personal life and artistic output throughout his coming career. After signing on to legendary Sun Records in the mid-1950s, Cash became a national sensation with signature numbers like "I Walk the Line." Subsequent hits followed, combined with an intense touring schedule that fueled an addiction to narcotics. In the early 1960s, Cash began a long acting career with a leading role in the low-budget crime drama "Door-to-Door Maniac" (1961), and later, in the anti-Western "A Gunfight" (1971), opposite film legend Kirk Douglas. On television, he hosted several musical variety shows, like "Johnny Cash and Friends" (CBS, 1975-76), and would go on to star in made-for-TV movies, such as "The Pride of Jesse Hallam" (CBS, 1981). Cash's influence ranged beyond mere country music, however, as he was a staunch supporter of prison reform - as evidenced by his incendiary concert at Folsom State Prison - as well as Native American rights, while also being a deeply religious person. Cash was on personal terms with each sitting American President, starting with Richard Nixon, until the time of his death, and performed with non-country artists like U2 and Nine Inch Nails. Shortly after the death of his beloved wife, June Carter, Cash himself passed away in 2003. Two years later, the critically acclaimed biopic "Walk the Line" (2005) would serve as a fitting epitaph for a man who fearlessly explored both mankind's darkness and light in both his art and his life.

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

2.
 Black Water (1989) Himself
3.
4.
 Stagecoach (1986) Marshal Curly Wilcox
5.
 Baron and the Kid, The (1984) Will "Baron" Addington
6.
 Murder in Coweta County (1982) Lamar Potts
7.
 Pride Of Jesse Hallam, The (1981) Jesse Hallam
8.
 Thaddeus Rose and Eddie (1978) Thaddeus Rose
9.
10.
 Eat the Document (1972)
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Raised in Dyess, Arkansas
1950:
Joined the Air Force for a four-year stint; stationed in Germany
1954:
Teamed with two friends to form a small gospel band
1955:
Signed with producer Sam Phillips at Sun records as as Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two; released "Cry Cry Cry" as their debut single
1956:
Released a second single, "Folsom Prison Blues," and shortly after its follow-up, the dual country and pop hit "I Walk the Line"
1957:
Made his Grand Ole Opry debut, appearing all in black, earning him the nickname "The Man in Black"
1958:
Signed with Columbia Records, and released the moderate pop/top hit <i>Don't Take Your Guns to Town</i>
1961:
Started working with June Carter of the legendary Carter Family
:
Began taking amphetamines, which was reflected by a declining number of hit singles and albums
1963:
Returned to the top of the charts with "Ring of Fire" co-wrote by future wife June Carter
1965:
Arrested at the El Paso international airport in possession of stimulants and tranquilizers
1967:
After being found near death in a small Georgia town, Cash decided to reform and with the help of June Carter cleaned up his act
1968:
Achieved crossover success with the live album <i>At Folsom Prison</i>, which was recorded before an audience of prisoners
1969:
Hosted a smash variety program for television, "The Johnny Cash Show"
1970:
Appeared in first feature film "A Gunfight," with Kirk Douglas
1973:
Produced, cowrote, and narrated documentary film "The Gospel Road"
1975:
Wrote autobiography <i>Man in Black</i>
1980:
Became the youngest inducted into the Country Music Association Hall of Fame
1985:
Joined Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, and Kris Kristofferson to tour and record as the Highwaymen
1986:
Reunited with old Sun alumni Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Roy Orbison for Class of '55, contributing "I Will Rock and Roll With You"
1986:
Appeared in the television movie "Stagecoach," with the other Highwaymen, and Davey Crockett
1987:
Signed with Mercury Records and released <i>Johnny Cash Is Coming to Town</i>
1992:
Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1993:
Contributed a vocal performance to "Zooropa," by rock superstars U2
1993:
Signed a contract with American Records, and released the album <i>American Recordings</i>, a stark, acoustic collection of songs
1996:
Recorded an album with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, which featured several Cash originals
2003:
Garnered considerable acclaim and media attention for the Mark Romanek-directed video for his cover of Nine Inch Nails' <i>Hurt</i>; earned a nomination for video of the year at the MTV Video Music Awards
2006:
<i>American V: A Hundred Highways</i> a posthumous album was released by longtime producer and friend Rick Rubin
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Education

Dyess High School: - 1950

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