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Luis Buñuel

Luis Buñuel

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Also Known As: Died: July 29, 1983
Born: February 22, 1900 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Calanda, Teruel, ES Profession: director, actor, screenwriter, producer, dubber, cultural attache

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

One of the founders of surrealist cinema, Luis Bunuel enjoyed a career as diverse and contradictory as his films: he was a master of both silent and sound cinema, of documentaries as well as features; his greatest work was produced in the two decades after his 60th year, a time when most directors have either retired or gone into decline; and although frequently characterized as a surrealist, many of his films were dramas and farces in the realist or neo-realist mode. Yet despite all the innovations and permutations of his work, Bunuel remained suprisingly consistent and limited in the targets of his social satire: the Catholic Church, bourgeois culture, and Fascism. As he once commented, "Religious education and Surrealism have marked me for life."

One of the founders of surrealist cinema, Luis Bunuel enjoyed a career as diverse and contradictory as his films: he was a master of both silent and sound cinema, of documentaries as well as features; his greatest work was produced in the two decades after his 60th year, a time when most directors have either retired or gone into decline; and although frequently characterized as a surrealist, many of his films were dramas and farces in the realist or neo-realist mode. Yet despite all the innovations and permutations of his work, Bunuel remained suprisingly consistent and limited in the targets of his social satire: the Catholic Church, bourgeois culture, and Fascism. As he once commented, "Religious education and Surrealism have marked me for life."

Filmographyclose complete filmography

DIRECTOR:

1.
  Republic of Sin (1988) Director
2.
3.
5.
  Tristana (1970) Director
6.
  The Milky Way (1969) Director
7.
  Belle de jour (1968) Director
8.
  The Exterminating Angel (1967) Director
9.
  Diary of a Chambermaid (1965) Director
10.
  Simon of the Desert (1965) Director

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Regarding Bunuel (2000)
2.
 Bunuel Paradox, The (1997) Himself
3.
 Un Chien Andalou (1960) Man With Razor
4.
5.
 Mauprat (1926)
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Grew up in Saragossa
1922:
Began contributing to literary journals
1925:
Went to Paris; invited by director Jean Epstein to be his assistant
1926:
First film as assistant director "Mauprat"
1926:
Film acting debut in "Carmen"
1927:
Debut as playwright with Spanish "Hamlet"
1927:
Stage directing debut (Amsterdam) with "El Retablo de Maese Pedro"
1929:
First film as director and co-screenwriter (with Salvador Dali) "Un chien Andalou"
1930:
Hired for six months by MGM after he made "L'Age d'Or" with the idea that he would be involved in making foreign-language versions of other MGM films
1931:
Returned to France
1932:
Hired by Paramount (Europe) as dubber
1935:
Becomes executive producer for Filmofono Films in Madrid, supervising musicals and comedies
1936:
Hired as cultural attache by Republican government (Paris); returned to Hollywood to supervise (ultimately unrealized) documentaries on Spanish Civil War
:
Worked at Museum of Modern Art, New York, re-editing, dubbing, directing documentaries for Latin American distribution
1942:
Dismissed because of suspicion of Communist background
1944:
Returned to Hollywood to produce Spanish versions of Warner Brothers films
1946:
Moved to Mexico; made films there for next fifteen years
1950:
"Los Olvidados" set record by winning 11 Ariel awards
1961:
Invited by Spanish government to return; made "Viridiana"; film suppressed in Spain
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Colegio del Salvador: -
Colegio del Salvador: -
Academie du Cinema: -
Instituto Nacional de Ensenanza Media: - 1915 - 1917
University of Madrid: - 1917 - 1925

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Jeanne Rucar. Olympic gymnast. Born c. 1910; married in 1934.

Family close complete family listing

father:
Leonardo Bunuel. Merchant. Married at age 42; died in 1923.
mother:
Maria Portoles. Married at age 17.
brother:
Leonardo Bunuel. Radiologist. Died in 1980.
brother:
Alfonso Bunuel. Born in 1915; died in 1961.
sister:
Alicia Bunuel. Died in 1977.
sister:
Margarita Bunuel.
sister:
Maria Bunuel.
sister:
Conchita Bunuel. The youngest.
son:
Juan-Luis Bunuel. Mother, Jeanne Rucar.
son:
Rafael Bunuel. Mother, Jeanne Rucar.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"My Last Sigh"
"An Unspeakable Betrayal: Selected Writings of Luis Bunuel" University of California Press

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