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Also Known As: Died:
Born: August 20, 1956 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Rochelle, Illinois, USA Profession: actor, secretary

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

For the first part of her distinguished career, Oscar-nominated actress Joan Allen struggled to make herself a household name despite delivering strong, nuanced and critically-acclaimed performances on stage and screen. After quietly stalking the background in films like "Manhunter" (1986), "Tucker: The Man and His Dream" (1988), and "Searching for Bobby Fischer" (1993), Allen exploded onto the scene with a stunning portrayal of former first lady Pat Nixon in Oliver Stone's "Nixon" (1995). Allen's sympathetic and complex turn opened doors to other opportunities to play strong, but emotionally withdrawn women, as in "The Crucible" (1996) and "Pleasantville" (1998). But it was her performance in "The Contender" (2000), as a U.S. senator on the verge of the vice presidency who is hammered for an alleged sex scandal, that vaulted her from supporting status to full-fledged leading lady. From there, she entered blockbuster territory with a supporting turn as a wary CIA officer in "The Bourne Supremacy" (2004), a role she reprised for sequels in 2007 and 2012, while earning more plaudits for "The Upside of Anger" (2005) and "Georgia O'Keefe" (Lifetime, 2009). With these hailed performances, Allen solidified...

For the first part of her distinguished career, Oscar-nominated actress Joan Allen struggled to make herself a household name despite delivering strong, nuanced and critically-acclaimed performances on stage and screen. After quietly stalking the background in films like "Manhunter" (1986), "Tucker: The Man and His Dream" (1988), and "Searching for Bobby Fischer" (1993), Allen exploded onto the scene with a stunning portrayal of former first lady Pat Nixon in Oliver Stone's "Nixon" (1995). Allen's sympathetic and complex turn opened doors to other opportunities to play strong, but emotionally withdrawn women, as in "The Crucible" (1996) and "Pleasantville" (1998). But it was her performance in "The Contender" (2000), as a U.S. senator on the verge of the vice presidency who is hammered for an alleged sex scandal, that vaulted her from supporting status to full-fledged leading lady. From there, she entered blockbuster territory with a supporting turn as a wary CIA officer in "The Bourne Supremacy" (2004), a role she reprised for sequels in 2007 and 2012, while earning more plaudits for "The Upside of Anger" (2005) and "Georgia O'Keefe" (Lifetime, 2009). With these hailed performances, Allen solidified a long, but steady climb to become one of Hollywood's most respected and talented actresses.

Born on Aug. 20, 1956 in Rochelle, IL, Allen was raised the youngest of four surviving children of her father, Jeff, a gas station operator, and her mother, Dorothy, a homemaker. An almost pathologically shy child, Allen eventually found the courage to come out of her shell when she discovered acting. Theater allowed her to be outrageous, express sorrow and anger - in short, to be anything but the good Midwestern girl of her upbringing. After graduating from Rochelle Township High School, she attended Eastern Illinois University, where she made the fortuitous acquaintance of John Malkovich. Allen left EIU for Northern Illinois University, where she earned her bachelor's in theater in 1976. Not one to pound on doors for an audition, Allen was lucky enough to be remembered by Malkovich, who invited her to Chicago to join the fledgling Steppenwolf Theatre Company. Working days as a secretary to pay the rent, Allen performed at night alongside the likes of Gary Sinise, John Mahoney, Terry Kinney, Laurie Metcalf and Malkovich. At Steppenwolf, Allen developed a restrained acting style that enabled her to disappear into her parts, while amplifying the subtext of what was on the printed page - a skill that later enabled her to elevate herself above other actresses once she made the transition to the big screen.

After working her way through the plays of Wallace Shawn, Caryl Churchill, Athol Fugard and Anton Chekhov at Steppenwolf's home office, Allen went to New York in a Steppenwolf production of C.P Taylor's "And a Nightingale Sang" (1983), acting opposite future husband Peter Friedman. She appeared in the Public Theatre presentation of Christopher Durang's "The Marriage of Bette and Boo" (1985), and by the time she won a Tony for her Broadway debut opposite Malkovich in Lanford Wilson's "Burn This" (1987), her days working as a secretary were far behind her. The following year, she was back on the Great White Way with Friedman, playing the appealing feminist exemplar Heidi Holland in Wendy Wasserstein's Pulitzer Prize-winning "The Heidi Chronicles" (1988), garnering another Tony nomination. Recognition for her stage work eventually opened the doors in Hollywood, and Allen made her feature debut with a small role in the comedy thriller, "Compromising Positions" (1985), followed by her first television appearance in the three-part miniseries, "Evergreen" (NBC, 1985).

Allen's star gradually, but steadily rose with memorable turns as a blind girl who surprisingly humanizes a killer in Michael Mann's underrated "Manhunter" (1986) - the first movie to introduce Hannibal Lecter - and as one of Kathleen Turner's high school friends in Francis Ford Coppola's "Peggy Sue Got Married" (1986). She also enjoyed high profile television roles in the "American Playhouse" presentation of Arthur Miller's "All My Sons" (PBS, 1987) and the "Hallmark Hall of Fame" production "The Room Upstairs" (CBS, 1987), before finding her niche as a wife opposite the Jeff Bridges boys in "Tucker: The Man and His Dream" (1988). After starring opposite Beau Bridges in "Without Warning: The James Brady Story" (HBO, 1991), Allen played Liam Neeson's ball and chain - the bitter and withered Zeena Frome - in "Ethan Frome" (1993), and the more sympathetic wife and mother of the young chess prodigy in "Searching for Bobby Fischer" (1993). But neither these nor lesser roles as mothers in "Josh and S.A.M." (1993) and "Mad Love" (1995) significantly elevated her standing.

Allen made her breakthrough with an on-target performance as the long-suffering Pat Nixon in Oliver Stone's Shakespearean political drama, "Nixon" (1995). Not known as a women's director, Stone worked hard with the actress to delve into the character's humanity to cull a fine performance, which was aided immensely by Allen's striking resemblance to the former first lady. Allen responded with a sympathetic, subtle turn that earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. She was once again the moral center in the adaptation of Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" (1996), garnering a second consecutive Oscar nod as Best Supporting Actress for her performances as the unforgiving wife of John Proctor (Daniel Day-Lewis), a man accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials. Her spouse-heavy resume then landed her a supporting role as the disturbed wife of an obsessive FBI agent (John Travolta) on the hunt for a sadistic terrorist (Nicolas Cage) in "Face/Off" (1997). She also received wide critical acclaim playing a dissatisfied wife and mother in "The Ice Storm" (1997), director Ang Lee's stark, complex and moving look at American suburban mores in the 1970s.

Having cornered the market on woebegone, tortured wives, Allen began to break the mold with "Pleasantville" (1998). Though her June Cleaver-like black-and-white TV mom was certainly repressed, she shrugged off her shackles to reveal a colorful inner life, awakening a long dormant creativity and sexuality. She rejoined "Pleasantville" co-star Jeff Daniels as a suburbanite couple in a brittle black comedy about guns, "It's the Rage" (1999), but finally left suburban housewifery behind with her turn as a slain Irish journalist Veronica Guerin in the fictionalized biopic, "Though the Sky Falls" (2000). Allen gave perhaps her strongest and most widely-hailed performance in "The Contender" (2000), playing a senator running for vice president who suddenly becomes tainted by a sex scandal that allegedly occurred when she was in college. Despite the film's overwrought melodramatics and disappointing finale, Allen was the perfect choice to play a woman who refuses to back down to public pressure, even if it means losing the chance to make history. The actress earned her third Oscar nod and first for Best Actress in a Leading Role. In 2002, Allen was nominated for an Emmy for her performance as Morgause in the television miniseries "The Mists of Avalon" (TNT), a feminist reimaging of the Arthurian legends from the perspective of the women who yielded power behind the throne.

She made a most welcome return to the big screen in the effectively emotional adaptation of the best-selling novel "The Notebook" (2004), delivering a complex and nuanced turn as an upper class mother who disapproves of her daughter's (Rachel McAdams) relationship with a sweet-natured, but poor small town man (Ryan Gosling). She next played a cool, ├╝ber-efficient CIA operative on the trail of the elusive Jason Bourne (Matt Damon) in the satisfying sequel "The Bourne Supremacy" (2004). Allen was uniformly praised for her convincing, edgy turn in writer-director Mike Binder's seriocomic "The Upside of Anger" (2005), playing an abandoned suburban wife who shares her dilemmas and dramas with her four daughters and an old family friend (Kevin Costner) who may have been the right man for her all along. In British filmmaker Sally Potter's romantic drama, "Yes" (2005), Allen played a Belfast-born microbiologist married to a prominent British politician (Sam Neill). With a marriage plagued with quarreling and infidelity, she enters into a passionate love affair with a Lebanese surgeon (Simon Abkarian) incognito in London as a restaurant cook.

Vibrant and daring, "Yes" was both a love story and a political commentary on the pain and rage brought on by the conflict between the West and the Middle East. Some critics, however, were turned off by the dialogue's iambic pentameter. Allen reprised her "Bourne" role for the third installment, "The Bourne Ultimatum" (2007), widely considered to be the best of the series. Back on the small screen, Allen was cast to play famed 20th century American artist, Georgia O'Keefe, in the biographical drama, "O'Keefe" (HBO, 2009). Allen received strong critical kudos for her performance, earning nominations at both the Golden Globes and Screen Actors Guild awards, as well as an Emmy Award nod for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie. Following a brief lull from the screen, Allen returned to television for an episode of the short-lived David Milch series, "Luck" (HBO, 2011-12) and reprised Pamela Landy - now a deputy director at CIA - for the fourth installment to the popular franchise, "The Bourne Legacy" (2012), which starred Jeremy Renner as a black ops agent targeted for termination.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Good Marriage, A (2013)
2.
4.
 Georgia O'Keeffe (2009)
5.
6.
 Death Race (2008)
7.
8.
 Trumbo (2007)
9.
10.
 Bonneville (2006)
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Turned to drama in high school after failing to make it as a cheerleader
1978:
Accepted John Malkovich's invitation to join Chicago's Steppenwolf Theatre
:
Worked as secretary at an educational film company
1983:
Made Off-Broadway debut in a New York production of "And a Nightingale Sang"
1985:
Screen acting debut, "Compromising Positions"
1985:
TV debut in miniseries, "Evergreen" (NBC); her character aged from a teenager to a 50-year-old
1986:
First film with director Francis Ford Coppola, "Peggy Sue Got Married"
1987:
Starred as Ann Deever in "American Playhouse" presentation of Arthur Miller's "All My Sons" (PBS)
1987:
Broadway debut, "Burn This"; co-starred with John Malkovich; won a Tony for Best Actress
1988:
Nominated for a Tony as Heidi Holland in Wendy Wasserstein's "The Heidi Chronicles"; appeared opposite future husband Peter Friedman
1988:
Portrayed Jeff Bridges' wife in Coppola's "Tucker: The Man and His Dream"
1989:
Was Emily Lloyd's mother in Norman Jewison's "In Country"
1991:
Essayed the role of Sarah Brady (wife of James Brady) in HBO's "Without Warning: The James Brady Story" co-starring Beau Bridges
1993:
Played mother of young chess prodigy (and Joe Mantegna's wife) in "Searching for Bobby Fischer"
1995:
Breakthrough screen role as Pat Nixon in Oliver Stone's biopic "Nixon"; earned first Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actress
1996:
Earned second Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination for her performance as Daniel Day-Lewis' severe wife in "The Crucible"
1997:
Portrayed John Travolta's wife in "Face/Off"
1997:
Co-starred with Kevin Kline in Ang Lee's "The Ice Storm"; played Tobey Maguire's mother
1998:
Played yet another repressed housewife who blossoms in the satirical "Pleasantville"; first film with Jeff Daniels; played sitcom mother whose "son" was portrayed by Tobey Maguire
1999:
Had featured role as Daniels' wife in "It's the Rage/All the Rage"; screened at the Toronto Film Festival
1999:
Provided a voice for "New York: A Documentary Film" (PBS' "The American Experience")
2000:
Starred in the fictionalized biopic of slain Irish journalist Veronica Guerin, "Though the Sky Falls" (aired in USA on Cinemax)
2000:
Portrayed a prospective US Vice President stained by a sexual scandal in "The Contender"; reteamed with Jeff Bridges who played the US President; earned a Best Actress Oscar nomination
2001:
Cast alongside Anjelica Huston and Samantha Mathis in the TNT miniseries "The Mists of Avalon"
2004:
Featured in the film "The Notebook" directed by Nick Cassavetes
2004:
Starred as CIA director, Pamela Landy in "The Bourne Supremacy" based on the novel by Robert Ludlum
2005:
Starred with Sam Elliott in "Off the Map" directed by Campbell Scott
2005:
Starred as an alcoholic single mother of four in Mike Binder's "The Upside of Anger"; screened at sundance
2005:
Starred as an Irish-American scientist who begins a passionate love affair with Middle-Eastern man in Sally Potter's "Yes"
2007:
Reprised her role as Pamela Landy in "The Bourne Ultimatum" starring Matt Damon
2008:
Co-starred in the drama, "Bonneville" with Kathy Bates and Jessica Lange
2008:
Co-starred in Paul W.S. Anderson's remake of the 1975 film "Death Race"
2009:
Portrayed the famed artist in the Lifetime movie, "Georgia O'Keeffe"; earned Golden Globe, SAG, and Emmy nominations in 2010 for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie
:
Nominated for the 2010 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress In A Miniseries Or A Movie
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Rochelle Township High School: Rochelle , Illinois -
Eastern Illinois University: Charleston , Illinois -
Northern Illinois University: DeKalb , Illinois - 1976

Notes

"You can't talk about acting. It's difficult to know what actually happens. You do the research, you try to tell the truth." --Joan Allen quoted in The New York Times December 27, 1995.

"I was very shy but was desperate to meet boys, so my sister told me to be a cheerleader. I didn't make cheerleading squad, so I thought, why not try out for a play? As soon as I did I found I absolutely loved it. I could express all the emotions I felt. I could cry and scream and laugh, but in a controlled environment." --Allen to The New York Times, December 27, 1995.

"I remember saying to my agent a few years ago, maybe I should pick something: The quiet blah-blah-blah, the brassy so-and-so, just pick one so I could work more, I'd played such a wide variety of roles, I think, I was difficult to categorize." --Allen quoted in "Biz Wrestles With Femme Dilemma" from Variety, January 5, 1996.

On college friend and fellow Steppenwolf colleague John Malkovich: "John was the most exotic person I had ever met in my life. He wore purple platform shoes and had long hair. I wasn't sure what he could see in me. I remember once I was talking to some people, and he wanted to ask me to do a scene with him. He just hooked his finger in the back loop of my jeans, pulled me aside and whispered in my ear. He was really cool." --Allen to US, March 1996.

"Most actors are capable of either absolute technical control, or they have the spontaneous passion of being totally physically present, like Marlon Brando. But Joan can do both." --James Schamus, co-producer and screenwriter of "The Ice Storm", quoted in The Hollywood Reporter ShoWest Talent Special Issue March 12, 1998.

"I love my work, but being seen at the right parties and playing the Hollywood game has never been my thing. I've never known how to do it, and have no desire to learn." --Allen to Andy Webster in Premiere, May 1999.

Companions close complete companion listing

husband:
Peter Friedman. Actor. Met when they appeared together in "And a Nightingale Sang" in 1983; married on January 1, 1990; appeared opposite Allen in the Broadway production of "The Heidi Chronicles"; later starred in the musical "Ragtime".

Family close complete family listing

father:
Jeff Allen. Gas station operator. Died in 1995.
mother:
Dorothy Allen.
sister:
Mary Allen. Sandwich shop employee. Born c. 1940.
brother:
David Allen. Maintenance worker. Born c. 1943.
sister:
Lynn Allen. Administrative assistant. Born c. 1954.
daughter:
Sadie Friedman. Born in March 1994.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

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