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|Also Known As:||Died:||December 1, 1998|
|Born:||October 2, 1902||Cause of Death:|
|Birth Place:||London, England, GB||Profession:||Cinematography ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Worked briefly in a munitions factory drilling the tops of hand grenades
Entered films at age 15 working at Gaumont Studios; did a variety of jobs from sweeping the studios to developing film to cranking the camera
Worked as camera assistant
First solo credit as director of photography, "Victory 1918"
Joined Herbert Wilcox's company, British & Dominions
Was chief director of photography for Wilcox
Initial screen collaboration with David Lean, "Escape Me Never", directed by Paul Czinner; Lean served as editor
Travelled to the USA; shot first American film, "Sixty Glorious Years" for RKO
"Nurse Edith Cavell" marked last collaboration with Wilcox
Served as director of photography on "Goodbye, Mr. Chips"
Shot "49th Parallel" for Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger; edited by Lean
Served as a captain with British army film unit during WWII; directed training films
Shot "Caesar and Cleopatra"
Became chief cinematographer for MGM-British
Earned initial Academy Award nomination for Best Cinematography for "Ivanhoe"
With Russell Harlan, shared duties as director of photography on "Lust for Life"
Left MGM to freelance
Early TV credit, the "Hallmark Hall of Fame" production of "Macbeth"; released theatrically in 1963
First of five features with David Lean as director, the epic "Lawrence of Arabia"; received first Oscar for Best Cinematography
Earned second Academy Award for his luscious work on Lean's "Doctor Zhivago"
Served as cinematographer for the James Bond film "You Only Live Twice"
Garnered third Oscar for his cinematography for "Ryan's Daughter"; final collaboration with David Lean
Received fifth and last Academy Award nomination for work on the historical epic "Nicholas and Alexandra"
Shot the NBC TV-movie "Great Expectations"
Was cinematographer on "The Blue Bird", directed by George Cukor; first joint US-USSR production
Shot the NBC TV-movie "The Man in the Iron Mask"
Served as director of photography for European locations on the ABC miniseries "Ike"; shared Emmy nomination
At age 82, directed first feature, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground"; part of producer David Puttnam's "First Love" series begun in 1983; made for British TV; received US theatrical release in 1986
Final feature credit as director of photography, "Sword of the Valiant - The Legend of Gawain and the Green Knight"
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