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Freddie Young

Freddie Young

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Also Known As: Frederick Archibald Young, Fred Young, Frederick A Young Died: December 1, 1998
Born: October 2, 1902 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: London, England, GB Profession: director of photography, camera assistant, lab assistant, director, painter, factory worker

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Began his career in British film at the age of 15 and graduated to cinematographer in the late 1920s. Young went on to illuminate a host of British and Anglo-American productions and enjoyed a productive long-term association with director David Lean, earning Oscars for his color photography on such lush spectacles as "Lawrence of Arabia" (1962), "Doctor Zhivago" (1965) and "Ryan's Daughter" (1970).Young also shot Vincente Minnelli's richly textured "Lust For Life" (1956) and Gene Kelly's "Invitation to the Dance" (1957), a film that integrated live action with animated footage. An octogenarian, Young directed his first film, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground", in 1985.

Began his career in British film at the age of 15 and graduated to cinematographer in the late 1920s. Young went on to illuminate a host of British and Anglo-American productions and enjoyed a productive long-term association with director David Lean, earning Oscars for his color photography on such lush spectacles as "Lawrence of Arabia" (1962), "Doctor Zhivago" (1965) and "Ryan's Daughter" (1970).

Young also shot Vincente Minnelli's richly textured "Lust For Life" (1956) and Gene Kelly's "Invitation to the Dance" (1957), a film that integrated live action with animated footage. An octogenarian, Young directed his first film, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground", in 1985.

Filmographyclose complete filmography

DIRECTOR:

1.

CAST: (feature film)

1.
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Worked briefly in a munitions factory drilling the tops of hand grenades
1917:
Entered films at age 15 working at Gaumont Studios; did a variety of jobs from sweeping the studios to developing film to cranking the camera
1918:
Worked as camera assistant
1926:
First solo credit as director of photography, "Victory 1918"
1928:
Joined Herbert Wilcox's company, British & Dominions
:
Was chief director of photography for Wilcox
1935:
Initial screen collaboration with David Lean, "Escape Me Never", directed by Paul Czinner; Lean served as editor
1938:
Travelled to the USA; shot first American film, "Sixty Glorious Years" for RKO
1939:
"Nurse Edith Cavell" marked last collaboration with Wilcox
1939:
Served as director of photography on "Goodbye, Mr. Chips"
1941:
Shot "49th Parallel" for Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger; edited by Lean
:
Served as a captain with British army film unit during WWII; directed training films
1946:
Shot "Caesar and Cleopatra"
1949:
Became chief cinematographer for MGM-British
1952:
Earned initial Academy Award nomination for Best Cinematography for "Ivanhoe"
1956:
With Russell Harlan, shared duties as director of photography on "Lust for Life"
1959:
Left MGM to freelance
1960:
Early TV credit, the "Hallmark Hall of Fame" production of "Macbeth"; released theatrically in 1963
1962:
First of five features with David Lean as director, the epic "Lawrence of Arabia"; received first Oscar for Best Cinematography
1965:
Earned second Academy Award for his luscious work on Lean's "Doctor Zhivago"
1967:
Served as cinematographer for the James Bond film "You Only Live Twice"
1970:
Garnered third Oscar for his cinematography for "Ryan's Daughter"; final collaboration with David Lean
1971:
Received fifth and last Academy Award nomination for work on the historical epic "Nicholas and Alexandra"
1974:
Shot the NBC TV-movie "Great Expectations"
1976:
Was cinematographer on "The Blue Bird", directed by George Cukor; first joint US-USSR production
1977:
Shot the NBC TV-movie "The Man in the Iron Mask"
1979:
Served as director of photography for European locations on the ABC miniseries "Ike"; shared Emmy nomination
1985:
At age 82, directed first feature, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground"; part of producer David Puttnam's "First Love" series begun in 1983; made for British TV; received US theatrical release in 1986
1984:
Final feature credit as director of photography, "Sword of the Valiant - The Legend of Gawain and the Green Knight"
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Notes

Appointed an Officer of the British Empire in 1970

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Marjorie Young. Died in 1963; adopted two children with Young.
wife:
Joan Young. Second wife; survived him.

Bibliography close complete biography

"The Work of the Motion Picture Cameraman"
"Seventy Light Years: A Life in Movies" Faber and Faber

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