TCM Archive Materials VIEW ALL ARCHIVES (7)
|Also Known As:||Died:||July 27, 1981|
|Born:||July 1, 1902||Cause of Death:||heart attack|
|Birth Place:||Germany||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Invited to US by cousing Carl Laemmle, head of Universal Studios
Began career at Universal Studios, New York as shipping clerk; then worked in foreign publicity
Transferred to Universal City, Hollywood
Immigrated to USA
First film as assistant director, "The Hunchback of Notre Dame"
Film directing debut at age 23, "Crook Busters"
Left Universal; began working for independent producer Samuel Goldwyn; first collaboration with cinematographer Gregg Toland
Served in England with US Air Force during WWII; produced, wrote and co-photographed documentary, "Memphis Belle" (1944) and co-directed (with John Sturges) documentary "Thunderbolt" (1945); discharged as lieutenant colonel
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