TCM Archive Materials VIEW ALL ARCHIVES (2)
|Also Known As:||Died:||May 29, 1957|
|Born:||July 22, 1889||Cause of Death:||committed suicide by drowning|
|Birth Place:||West Midlands, England, GB||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Began acting while a POW in WWI; after war worked in British theater as actor and designer, then director
Moved to London to pursue stage career
Began working with the Oxford Players for three seasons; worked with, among others, John Gielgud, Flora Robson, Alan Napier and Raymond Massey
Directed and did the settings for the plays, "Fortunato and the Lady from Alfaqueque" and "The Dreamers" in England, working with the likes of and up-and-coming John Gielgud and the established Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies
Breakthrough stage success, "Journey's End", a play by R C Sherriff with settings and direction by Whale
Successfully restaged "Journey's End" on Broadway
Moved to Hollywood; first film credit, dialogue director of "The Love Doctor", directed by Melville Brown and starring Richard Dix
Served as dialogue director of "Hell's Angels" and also, uncredited director on some scenes
Made full-fledged directing debut, "Journey's End" (adaptation of his London and Broadway stage success)
Signed contract with Universal Studios (date approximate)
Last stage work for over a decade, "Badger's Green" by R C Sherriff, with settings and direction by Whale, and "The Violet" and "One Two Three", two one-act plays by Ferenc Molnar, in which Whale directed Ruth Gordon
First film for Universal, "Waterloo Bridge"
Replaced Robert Florey as director of "Frankenstein"
Made last of four classic horror films, "Bride of Frankenstein"
Whale's expensive filming of "Show Boat" not completed in time to save Universal from receivership; executive producers Carl Laemmle Sr and Jr replaced by more cost-conscious executives appointed by a bank
Film sequel to "All Quiet on the Western Front", "The Road Back", taken away from Whale and re-edited to offset official protests from Nazi Germany
Whale loaned out to Warner Bros. and MGM, respectively, for two films, "The Great Garrick" and "Port of Seven Seas"
Made "The Man in the Iron Mask" for the independent Edward Small Productions
Last film for Universal, "Green Hell"
Began but did not finish "They Dare Not Love" for Columbia; replaced by Charles Vidor but his contract stipulated that he receive screen credit
Briefly returned to Broadway work during WWII; directed "Hand in Glove" for the Playhouse Theater, but the play's run was short
Turned down an offer from David O Selznick to be put under contract as a director at $1,000 a week
One-shot return to film directing: "Hello, Out There", a 40-minute, one-set segment produced at a TV studio to be used in an RKO anthology film; never released
Turned down an offer by producer William Dozier to film an adaptation of H G Wells' "The Food of the Gods"
Last work as a director: helmed a production of the play, "Pagan in the Parlour", at the Pasadena Playhouse, and later arranged to take the play briefly to England
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