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|Also Known As:||Died:||September 28, 1948|
|Born:||May 29, 1904||Cause of Death:||heart attack|
|Birth Place:||Charleston, Illinois, USA||Profession:||Cinematography ...|
Toland pioneered in the adoption of new camera techniques such as the use of coated lenses and faster film stocks and is best remembered for his use of deep-focus compositions in Orson Welles's "Citizen Kane" (1940) and William Wyler's "The Little Foxes" (1943) and "The Best Years of Our Lives" (1946).
"The cameraman should always work in close collaboration with the scriptwriter and director before production. Each film should have its own particular style. A comedy and a tragedy should not be photographed in the same way: "The Grapes of Wrath", a harsh film; "The Long Voyage Home", a character film; "Citizen Kane", a psychological story in which the external realities were very important. It was marvelous to produce with Orson Welles. I made suggestions to him and tried out things I had wanted to try for a very long time. Camera movements should not be apparent because they distract attention from the actors and from what's happening."--Gregg Toland ("Dictionary of Filmmakers" by George Sadoul)
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