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Humphrey Bogart

Humphrey Bogart

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Dark Passage DVD Bogey's on the lam and Bacall's at his side in Dark Passage, Delmer Daves'... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Dark Victory DVD Bette Davis' bravura, moving-but-never-morbid performance as Judith Traherne, a... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

The Big Sleep DVD Iconic on-screen pair Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall star in the heart... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Bogie & Bacall: The Signature Collection... They met on the WB lot. The year was 1944. "I just saw your screen test," Bogart... more info $39.98was $39.98 Buy Now

To Have And Have Not DVD Help the Free French? Not world-weary gunrunner Harry Morgan (Humphrey Bogart).... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

The Roaring Twenties DVD James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart star as bootleggers in this thrilling tale of... more info $19.98was $19.98 Buy Now

Also Known As: Humphrey Deforest Bogart Died: January 14, 1957
Born: December 25, 1899 Cause of Death: throat cancer
Birth Place: New York, New York Profession: actor, stage manager, road company manager, office boy

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Born in 1899 to a prominent New York family, Humphrey Bogart emerged from a minor theatrical career in the 1920s to become one of Hollywood's most distinctive leading men of the 40s and 50s, principally through his often-revived appearances in "The Maltese Falcon" (1941), "Casablanca" (1942) and his Oscar-winning "The African Queen" (1951). Though initially typecast as one of Warner Bros. tough guy/gangsters in the 30s, during and after WWII the "Bogie" persona grew into more fully developed anti-hero and reluctant hero personifications. Although he continually played men with criminal pasts, Bogart created a rich and complex screen image that stood as a visual and cultural icon for the "noir" side of Hollywood: his hangdog expression, perennial five-o'clock shadow, and dangling cigarette came to signify the world-weary cynic, the staid, self-reliant individualist who was at heart a moral, even sentimental human being. Whether portraying ex-con, war hero, detective or more offbeat characters, this combination of traits ultimately gave Bogart a romantic appeal of immense proportions, an appeal that has remained powerful with subsequent generations of moviegoers while other box office star images of...

Born in 1899 to a prominent New York family, Humphrey Bogart emerged from a minor theatrical career in the 1920s to become one of Hollywood's most distinctive leading men of the 40s and 50s, principally through his often-revived appearances in "The Maltese Falcon" (1941), "Casablanca" (1942) and his Oscar-winning "The African Queen" (1951). Though initially typecast as one of Warner Bros. tough guy/gangsters in the 30s, during and after WWII the "Bogie" persona grew into more fully developed anti-hero and reluctant hero personifications. Although he continually played men with criminal pasts, Bogart created a rich and complex screen image that stood as a visual and cultural icon for the "noir" side of Hollywood: his hangdog expression, perennial five-o'clock shadow, and dangling cigarette came to signify the world-weary cynic, the staid, self-reliant individualist who was at heart a moral, even sentimental human being. Whether portraying ex-con, war hero, detective or more offbeat characters, this combination of traits ultimately gave Bogart a romantic appeal of immense proportions, an appeal that has remained powerful with subsequent generations of moviegoers while other box office star images of the golden age have faded. After military service in WWI, Bogart embarked on a theatrical career, first as a manager, then as an actor who worked his way to Broadway. Like many of his colleagues he traveled to Hollywood in the early 30s looking for employment in early sound films. From his earliest movie appearances Bogart portrayed gritty characters with criminal connection, as in "Up the River" (1930), a prison film starring Spencer Tracy. After signing a contract with Warner Bros.--the studio most closely associated with the tough guy image via its stars Edward G. Robinson and Jimmy Cagney--that reputation was only enhanced. Working simultaneously on Broadway and in film, Bogart appeared in ten minor movie roles before his breakthrough performance in "The Petrified Forest" (1935). Reprising the Broadway success of Robert Sherwood's play, Bogart portrayed Duke Mantee, an escaped convict/gangster who holds several people hostage in an Arizona diner. The tough but intelligent performance brought him popularity and a featured player contract with Warner Bros. for $550 a week. Over the next five years Bogart appeared in 28 Warner Bros. features, almost always as an underworld figure. On occasion he played uncharacteristic supporting roles (a district attorney in Bette Davis's "Marked Woman" 1937, the miscast Irish stable master in "Dark Victory" 1939 or the bizarrely conceived zombie in "The Return of Dr. X." 1939), but rose to prominence through a number of memorable supporting roles in urban crime films. From the less distinguished gangster programmer "Bullets or Ballots" (1936), Bogart moved into an effective series of typically downbeat Warner films with urban, lower-class settings, including "Dead End" (1937), "Crime School" (1938) and "They Drive by Night" (1940), as well as the prison genre films "San Quentin" (1937) and the quintessential, "Angels With Dirty Faces" (1938). His reliable, unaffected performances won him both increasing box-office recognition and a doubling of salary in 1938. The following year he returned with two other gangster films, "King of the Underworld" (1939) and, more memorably, opposite Jimmy Cagney in "The Roaring Twenties" (1939), an episodic saga about war-veterans-turned-racketeers that summed up the studio's decade of mythmaking about the American gangster. As Cagney and Robinson phased out their Warner Bros. stereotypes, the studio turned increasingly to Bogart. Although George Raft had been the heir to Cagney's top spot, he turned down a series of roles (in "High Sierra 1941," "The Maltese Falcon" and "Casablanca") that subsequently fell to Bogart, who needed them to make himself a star of major proportions. As Roy "Mad Dog" Earle in "High Sierra" Bogart proved himself more than just a fast-talking, unidimensional bad guy. With the aid of John Huston's screenwriting he created a sympathetic portrait of a criminal with a gentle heart and delivered a performance far more subdued than any seen in Cagney's maniac sociopaths. Later in the following year, Bogart received his first top-billing in John Huston's directorial debut "The Maltese Falcon", a low-budget surprise hit that launched the actor into greater stardom as detective Sam Spade. In 1942, Bogart signed a new seven-year contract for $2750 a week and embarked on an acclaimed series of wartime pictures, beginning with his now legendary portrayal of Rick Blaine in "Casablanca" (1942). Once again his character was a man with a past, but was now also capable of both romance and moral action. His reluctant-hero persona also contributed to Hollywood's war effort in Huston's "Across the Pacific" (1942), "Action in the North Atlantic" (1943), "Passage to Marseille" (1944) and Howard Hawks's "To Have and Have Not" (1944). The love scenes in "To Have and Have Not", however, outshone the action sequences as Bogie and his young co-star, Lauren Bacall, fell in love off-screen and married. Their on-screen collaboration proved instantly popular and the Bogie-Bacall pairing continued successfully in "The Big Sleep" (1946), "Dark Passage" (1947) and Huston's "Key Largo" (1948). (The couple were also in the public eye when they participated in the Committee for the First Amendment, a group opposed to the HUAC harrassment of Hollywood liberals.) The postwar years also saw the Bogie persona transformed into a "film noir" icon, beginning with his portrayal of Raymond Chandler's detective Philip Marlowe in "The Big Sleep" and continuing through a series of dark anti-hero roles, including "Dead Reckoning" (1947) and Nicholas Ray's "In a Lonely Place" (1950; an existential love story which many consider his finest performance). As Hollywood's studio system and star contracts changed drastically heading into the 1950s, Bogart's career altered as well. In 1947 he signed a contract with Warner Bros. that not only paid him $200,000 per year and gave him approval of roles, directors and scripts, but also set him up with his own independent production company, Santana Pictures. He continued to work (and carouse) with friend John Huston (in "Treasure of the Sierra Madre" 1948, "The African Queen" 1951, "Beat the Devil" 1953), but his acting roles moved into greater variety, not only in the sometimes quirky Huston films, but also in lighter fare, such as Billy Wilder's "Sabrina" (1954). Ultimately, however, it was the cynical, shady but psychologically complex characterizations to which Bogart returned at the end of his career. Most notably, he portrayed a manipulative film director opposite Ava Gardner in "The Barefoot Contessa", the marble-rattling Capt. Queeg in "The Caine Mutiny" (both 1954), another escaped convict in "The Desperate Hours" (1955), and finally a sardonic sports writer/agent for the "noir" world of boxing in "The Harder They Fall" (1956). It proved to be Bogart's final screen appearance; he died of cancer the following year.

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Entertaining the Troops (1989) Himself
3.
 The Harder They Fall (1956) Eddie Willis
4.
 The Desperate Hours (1955) Glenn Griffin
5.
 We're No Angels (1955) Joseph
6.
 The Left Hand of God (1955) James Carmody, also known as Father Peter John O'Shea
7.
 Beat the Devil (1954) Billy Dannreuther
8.
 Sabrina (1954) Linus Larrabee
9.
 The Barefoot Contessa (1954) Harry Dawes
10.
 The Caine Mutiny (1954) Capt. Francis Philip Queeg
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
While serving with US Navy in WWI was in accident which caused scarred upper lip
:
Worked as office boy on Wall Street; then at age 19 was manager with touring theatrical troupe
1920:
Stage acting debut in bit part in "Drifting" starring Alice Brady and future wife Helen Menken; through decade progressed to leading Broadway roles usually as the romantic juvenile
1925:
Starred opposite Shirley Booth in "Hell's Bells"
1930:
Short film debut in "Broadway's Like That/Ruth Etting in Broadway's Like That"; feature film debut in "Up the River"
1930:
Signed by Fox at $750/week; made five films for Fox and one on loan-out for Universal
1935:
Breakthrough stage role as villain Duke Mantee in "The Petrified Forest"; co-starred with Leslie Howard
1936:
Became film star after screen version of "The Petrified Forest" (would reprise part in a 1955 TV adaptation)
1936:
Signed contract with Warner Bros.
1941:
Stardom clinched with his role as Sam Spade in "The Maltese Falcon", directed by John Huston
1943:
Starred opposite Ingrid Bergman in the now classic wartime love story "Casablanca"
1944:
Made first of four films opposite future wife Lauren Bacall, "To Have and Have Not" (Bacall's film debut)
1947:
Founded Santana Pictures; production company responsible for seven features between 1949-1953, including "Knock On Any Door" (1949) and "In a Lonely Place" (1953), both starring Bogart and directed by Nicholas Ray
1948:
Co-starred in last film opposite wife Lauren Bacall, "Key Largo"
1951:
Earned Best Actor Academy Award for "The African Queen"
1955:
Made TV acting debut recreating his stage and film role from "The Petrified Forest", opposite Bacall
1956:
Last film, "The Harder They Fall"
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Notes

"He is an antiquated juvenile who has spent most of stage life in white pants, swinging a tennis racket." --comment attributed to Broadway producer Arthur Hopkins when he hired Bogart for the role of Duke Mantee in "The Petrified Forest"

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Helen Menken. Actor. Appeared together on Broadway in "Drifting" (1920); married on May 20, 1926; divorced in 1927; died on March 28, 1966.
wife:
Mary Phillips. Actor. Born in 1900; married in 1928; divorced in 1937; died on April 22, 1975.
wife:
Mayo Methot. Actor. Married in 1938; divorced in 1945; she and Bogart together were sometimes known as "The Battling Bogarts" during the course of their stormy marriage; died on June 9, 1951 at age of 47.
wife:
Lauren Bacall. Actor. Married from May 21, 1945 until his death in 1957; born on September 16, 1924; mother of Bogart's two children.
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Family close complete family listing

father:
Belmont DeForest Bogart. Doctor.
mother:
Maude Bogart. Artist, illustrator.
sister:
Frances Bogart.
sister:
Catherine Elizabeth Bogart.
son:
Stephen Humphrey Bogart. Former TV producer, writer, novelist. Born on January 6, 1949; mother, Lauren Bacall; penned biography/autobiography, "Bogart: In Search of My Father" (1995); also wrote novel "Play It Again".
daughter:
Leslie Howard Bogart. Born on August 23, 1952; mother, Lauren Bacall.
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Bibliography close complete biography

"Bogart & Bacall, A Love Story"
"Bogart: In Search of My Father"
"Bogart" William Morrow
"Bogart: A Life in Hollywood" Houghton Mifflin
VIEW COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY

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