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Prunella Scales

Prunella Scales

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Also Known As: Prunella Illingworth Died:
Born: June 22, 1932 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Surrey, England, GB Profession: actor, director

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

A gifted comedienne, Prunella Scales is perhaps best recognized as the as the bane of husband/hotel manager Basil Fawlty (John Cleese) in the British sitcom "Fawlty Towers" (BBC, 1975 and 1979). While primarily a beloved stage actress in her native Britain, she has made intermittent, and highly effective, appearances in several TV programs and films.Born Prunella Illingworth, she adopted her mother's maiden name as her stage name. Trained at the Bristol Old Vic School, she first appeared on stage in 1951 as the cook in "Traveller Without Luggage" at the Theatre Royale in Bristol and made her London debut in "The Impresario from Smyrna" in 1954. The following year, she made her Broadway debut playing Ermengarde, the niece of Horace Vandergelder, in Thornton Wilder's "The Matchmaker." She often appeared in plays by Shakespeare in the 50s, including playing Nerissa in "The Merchant of Venice" and Jacquenetta in "Love's Labour's Lost." In 1971, she toured the USA in "Trelawny of the Wells" and, overall, nary a year has gone by without Scales being on a stage somewhere. Her popularity peaked with "An Evening with Queen Victoria," a one-woman show she has performed numerous times during the past decade.Her...

A gifted comedienne, Prunella Scales is perhaps best recognized as the as the bane of husband/hotel manager Basil Fawlty (John Cleese) in the British sitcom "Fawlty Towers" (BBC, 1975 and 1979). While primarily a beloved stage actress in her native Britain, she has made intermittent, and highly effective, appearances in several TV programs and films.

Born Prunella Illingworth, she adopted her mother's maiden name as her stage name. Trained at the Bristol Old Vic School, she first appeared on stage in 1951 as the cook in "Traveller Without Luggage" at the Theatre Royale in Bristol and made her London debut in "The Impresario from Smyrna" in 1954. The following year, she made her Broadway debut playing Ermengarde, the niece of Horace Vandergelder, in Thornton Wilder's "The Matchmaker." She often appeared in plays by Shakespeare in the 50s, including playing Nerissa in "The Merchant of Venice" and Jacquenetta in "Love's Labour's Lost." In 1971, she toured the USA in "Trelawny of the Wells" and, overall, nary a year has gone by without Scales being on a stage somewhere. Her popularity peaked with "An Evening with Queen Victoria," a one-woman show she has performed numerous times during the past decade.

Her work on the small screen has brought her even wider recognition. Scales made her debut in a 1952 British adaptation of "Pride and Prejudice" and co-starred with Richard Briers in "The Marriage Lines" (BBC, 1960-66), a sitcom about the tribulations of a young married couple. In the 1970s, "Fawlty Towers" guaranteed her a lasting place in TV history. In the show's twelve episodes, Scales was the no-nonsense foil for Cleese's ill-mannered, sarcastic hotelier. A decade later, she co-starred opposite Geraldine McEwan in "Mapp and Lucia," playing Elizabeth Mapp, the reigning "queen" of a British town suddenly thrust into competition with an upstart.

Scales engendered a bit of controversy in 1992 when she portrayed the first-ever fictionalization of the reigning monarch in John Schlesinger's TV production "A Question of Attribution" by Alan Bennett. In 1996, she was the mother trying to deprogram her daughter (Jodhi May) from a cult in "Signs and Wonders" (PBS) and followed with two choice roles: playing the mother of Alan Turing (Derek Jacobi), the World War II computer expert who is also homosexual, in "Breaking the Code" (PBS) and the talkative Miss Bates in "Jane Austen's 'Emma'" (Arts & Entertainment Network).

Scales made her feature film debut in David Lean's "Hobson's Choice" (1954), playing Vicky Hobson, the subservient daughter of Charles Laughton. Peter Sellers couldn't keep his eyes off her in "The Waltz of the Toreadors" (1962) but by 1978, she was relegated to maternal roles, cast as the parent of the one of the Hitler clones in "The Boys From Brazil." Scales supported Maggie Smith and Bob Hoskins in "The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne" (1987). She co-starred as the wife of a tyrannical amateur stage director in "A Chorus of Disapproval" (1989) while in Mike Newell's backstage "An Awfully Big Adventure" (1995), Scales got to be the autocrat. She also appeared briefly as Aunt Juley, the surrogate parent of the Schlegel sisters (Emma Thompson and Helena Bonham Carter), in the Merchant-Ivory "Howards End" (1992) and was the helpful social worker in "Second Best" (1994).

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Mad Cows (1999) Doctor Minny Stinkler
2.
 Never Love a Thief (1998) Agnes Donen
3.
 Stiff Upper Lips (1997) Aunt Agnes Ivory
4.
5.
 Second Best (1994) Margery
6.
 Wolf (1994) Maude
7.
 Freddie as F.R.O.7 (1992) Voice S
8.
 Howard's End (1992) Aunt Juley
9.
 Chorus Of Disapproval, A (1989) Hannah Ap Llewellyn
10.
 Consuming Passions (1988) Ethel
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1951:
Professional stage debut as Cook in "Traveler Without Luggage" at Theatre Royal, Bristol
1952:
Made TV debut, "Pride and Prejudice"
1954:
London stage debut, "The Impresario From Smyrna"
1954:
Film debut, "Hobson's Choice"
1955:
Broadway debut as Ermengarde in Thornton Wilder's "The Matchmaker"
1962:
Co-starred with Peter Sellars in "The Waltz of the Torreadors"
1963:
Co-starred with Richard Briers in the BBC sitcom "The Marriage Lines"
1975:
First played Sybil Fawlty in the British comedy "Fawlty Towers"
1978:
Co-starred with Patricia Routledge in "Doris and Doreen", directed by Stephen Frears and written by Alan Bennett
1979:
Reprised role of Sybil Fawlty in the second series of "Fawlty Towers"
:
Played Elizabeth Mapp in the London Weekend Television series "Mapp and Lucia"; aired in USA on PBS
1987:
Had supporting role in "The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne"
:
Toured the world in one-woman show "An Evening With Queen Victoria"
1992:
Played Queen Elizabeth II in the TV version of "A Question of Attribution", scripted by Alan Bennett and directed by John Schlesinger
1992:
Appeared in "Howards End"; son Samuel West had major supporting role in the film
1995:
Had featured role in Mike Newell's "An Awfully Big Adventure"
1997:
Co-starred with son Samuel West in "Stiff Upper Lips"
1999:
Appeared with husband Timothy West in London revival of Harold Pinter's "The Birthday Party"
2000:
Toured England as Ranevskaya in "The Cherry Orchard"
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Education

Bristol Old Vic Theatre School: -
Herbert Berghof Studio: New York , New York -

Companions close complete companion listing

husband:
Timothy West. Actor. Born on October 2, 1934; met in 1960 when they appeared together in the TV production "She Died Young"; married in 1963, following his divorce from his first wife; also appeared opposite Scales in 1991 London production of "Long Day's Journey Into Night" at National Theater.

Family close complete family listing

father:
John Richardson Illingworth. Traveling salesman. Sold cotton.
mother:
Catherine Illingworth.
son:
Joseph West. Teacher.
son:
Samuel West. Actor. Appeared with Scales in "Howards End".
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

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