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|Also Known As:||Died:||December 8, 1990|
|Born:||March 2, 1914||Cause of Death:||heart disease complications|
|Birth Place:||New York City, New York, USA||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Stage debut as Crown in summer production of "Porgy and Bess" while attending St John's University
Appeared in Group Theater productions
Broadway debut in a walk-on part in the Group Theater production of "Golden Boy"; also was assistant stage manager and understudied John Garfield in the lead role
Served with US Army Air Force Special Forces during WWII; appeared in servicemen's stage production, "Winged Victory"
Film acting debut, "Winged Victory"
Stage directorial debut with all-soldier production of "Yellow Jack" (date approximate)
Directed first Broadway play, "Mr. Pebbles and Mr. Hooker"
Directed 100 dramas and acted in 150 shows on live TV on CBS
Blacklisted when targeted as a Communist sympathizer by Senator Joseph McCarthy; fired from directing job at CBS
Taught at Actors Studio (students included Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Rod Steiger)
Returned to stage directing with Philadelphia revivals of "Golden Boy", "Boy Meets Girl" and "The Front Page"
Acted in Broadway production of Odets' "The Flowering Peach", based on the story of Noah and the ark
Returned to Broadway stage directing Arthur Miller's "A Memory of Two Mondays" and "A View from the Bridge"
Film directing debut, "Edge of the City"
Helmed "The Long Hot Summer", starring Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward
Directed the screen adaptation of William Faulkner's "The Sound and the Fury"
Received only Academy Award nomination for Best Director for "Hud"; also co-produced; stars Patricia Neal and Melvyn Douglas won Oscars and Paul Newman received a Best Actor nomination
Directed Richard Burton to an Oscar nomination for "The Spy Who Came in From the Cold"; also produced
Produced and directed "Hombre", starring Newman
Helmed "The Molly Maguires", the fact-based drama about striking American coal miners written by fellow blacklist survivor Walter Bernstein; Sean Connery and Richard Harris starred
Directed the film version of the stage hit "The Great White Hope"; leading players James Earl Jones and Jane Alexander both earned Oscar nominations
"Sounder" leads Paul Winfield and Cicely Tyson each received Academy Award nominations under his direction; supporting player Geraldine Page also cited for her work in "Pete 'n' Tillie" under his helming
Helmed the adaptation of Pat Conroy's autobiographical novel "Conrack", starring Jon Voight
Returned to acting in "End of the Game"
Was interviewed for the Oscar-nominated documentary about the blacklist called "Hollywood on Trial"
Explored blacklisting as producer and director of "The Front", scripted by Walter Bernstein
Directed and co-produced "Norma Rae", featuring a tour de force performance by Sally Field who won an Academy Award
Reteamed with Field for the less successful "Back Roads"
Helmed the biopic of author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. "Cross Creek", starring Mary Steenburgen; supporting players Rip Torn and Alfre Woodard nominated for Academy Awards
Named distinguished director in residence, UCLA College of Fine Arts
Resumed acting career playing the baseball manager in "The Slugger's Wife", directed by Hal Ashby and written by Neil Simon
Third film with Field, "Murphy's Romance"; leading man James Garner earned a Best Actor Oscar nomination
Helmed the screen adaptation of the play "Nuts", about a call girl accused of murder; film starred Barbra Streisand
Directed final film, "Stanley & Iris", a love story teaming Robert De Niro and Jane Fonda
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