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Edward Albee

Edward Albee

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Also Known As: Edward Harvey, Edward Franklin Albee Iii Died:
Born: March 12, 1928 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Washington, Washington D.C., USA Profession: playwright, screenwriter

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Milestones close milestones

:
Born in Washington, DC; given up for adoption by birth mother
1929:
Adopted by the Albee family
:
Raised in the New York City area
:
Sent to boarding schools
1940:
At age 12, reportedly wrote first play, a sex farce called "Aliqueen"; no copies are extant
1945:
Completed first surviving play, "Schism"; produced at Choate
1946:
After high school, worked at radio station WNYC writing continuity for programs
1959:
First produced play, "The Zoo Story"; premiered in Berlin; opened in NYC in 1960 with George Maharis and William Daniels in the cast, performed on a double bill Off-Broadway with Samuel Beckett's "Krapp's Last Tape"
1960:
Premiered "The Death of Bessie Smith" in Berlin; staged in NYC in 1961
1962:
Breakthrough play, the scorching look at marriage, "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe?"; opened on Broadway with Uta Hagen and Arthur Hill in leading roles
1963:
Stage directing debut with "The Zoo Story"
1963:
Adapted the Carson McCullers novella "The Ballad of the Sad Cafe" for the stage
1964:
"Tiny Alice" premiered in NYC to mixed reviews; starred John Geilgud and Irene Worth
1966:
Received first Pulitzer Prize for "A Delicate Balance"; characters loosely based on his parents and his maternal aunt
1966:
Film version of "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe?" made; directed by Mike Nichols; script adapted by Ernest Lehman; actresses Elizabeth Taylor and Sandy Dennis won Oscars for performances; Richard Burton and George Segal received Academy Award nominations
1971:
Received praise for drama "All Over"
1973:
Solo screenwriting credit, the film adaptation of his own play "A Delicate Balance"
1975:
Broadway directing debut with "Seascape", his Pulitzer-winning drama about a middle-aged couple who encounter a pair of lizard-like sea creatures; critics reviled the production which closed after a brief run
1980:
Returned to the New York theater after a five-year absence with "The Lady From Dubuque"
1981:
Penned the stage adaptation of Vladimir Nobokov's novel "Lolita"; production starred Blanche Baker and Donald Sutherland
1982:
Had yet another unsuccessful Broadway experience with "The Man Who Had Three Arms", starring Robert Drivas
1987:
Premiered "Marriage Play" in Vienna; later produced at Houston's Alley Theater in 1992 and in NYC at the Signature Theater in 1993
1991:
"Three Tall Women", which traced events in the life of his adoptive mother, premiered in Vienna; staged in Woodstock, New York in 1992 and became an Off-Broadway hit in 1994
1993:
Had a season devoted to his works at the Signature Theater in NYC
1994:
Received third Pulitzer Prize for "Three Tall Women"
1996:
Broadway revival of "A Delicate Balance" became a hit and won a Tony
1997:
Both "A Delicate Balance" (with Maggie Smith and Eileen Atkins) and "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe?" (with David Suchet and Diana Rigg) produced in London
1998:
Premiere of "The Play About the Baby" in London; Albee directed staging at the Alley Theater in 2000 and Off-Broadway in 2001
2002:
Award winning play "The Goat, or Who is Sylvia?" about a man who is in love with a goat, opens on Broadway
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Education

Trinity College: Hartford , Connecticut -
Rye County Day School: Rye , New York -
Lawrenceville School: Lawrenceville , New Jersey - 1940 - 1942
Valley Forge Military Academy: Valley Forge , Pennsylvania - 1942 - 1944
Choate School: Wallingford , Connecticut - 1944 - 1946

Notes

Received 1996 National Medal of Arts from the National Endowment for the Arts.

On January 19, 1992, Albee was on charges of "exposure of sexual organs" in Key Biscayne, Florida.

Companions close complete companion listing

companion:
William Flanigan. Composer. Born on August 14, 1923; together from 1952 until 1959, when Albee left him for Terrence McNally.
companion:
Terrence McNally. Playwright. Met in February 1959; began relationship shortly thereafter; separated under less than pleasant conditions in 1963 when McNally left Albee for actor Robert Drivas; did not speak for many years.
companion:
William Pennington. Interior designer. Together from c. 1963 to 1971; deceased; left a bequest to Albee in his will.
companion:
Jonathan Thomas. Painter, sculptor. Canadian; born c. 1947; met in 1971; began relationship shortly thereafter.
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Family close complete family listing

mother:
Louise Harvey. Birth mother; claimed that Albee's father had abandoned her before his birth, which was one of the reasons she put him up for adoption.
grandfather:
Edward Franklin Albee. Theater impresario. Adoptive grandfather; Albee was named after him; operated the Keith-Albee circuit of vaudeville theaters.
grandmother:
Laura Albee. Died in 1940.
father:
Reed Adelbert Albee. Adoptive father; born in 1885; adopted Albee on February 1, 1929; had been married and divorced prior to his March 12, 1925 wedding to Frances Cotter; died in August 1961.
mother:
Frances Loring Albee. Adoptive mother; married Reed Albee on March 12, 1925; adopted Albee on February 1, 1929; died in 1989 at age 92; was the inspiration for characters in several Albee plays, most notably "Three Tall Women".
aunt:
Jane Cotter. Albee reportedly modeled the character of Claire in "A Delicate Balance" on her.
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Bibliography close complete biography

"Edward Albee: A Singular Journey" Simon & Schuster

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