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Joan Plowright

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Also Known As: Joan Ann Plowright Died:
Born: October 28, 1929 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Lincolnshire, England, GB Profession: actor, director

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Acknowledged as one of the finest stage actresses of her generation, Joan Plowright unexpectedly put her burgeoning career on hold in order to focus her young family and famous husband, Sir Laurence Olivier, prior to enjoying a sudden resurgence at the tender age of 60. Having honed her performance skills on the stages of London's Old Vic and Royal Court Theatres, Plowright impressed with supporting roles in films like "Time Without Pity" (1957) and "The Entertainer" (1960), the latter film starring future husband, Olivier. Despite this early success, she spent much of the 1960s and '70s dividing her time between family duties and occasional stage work with Olivier. Eventually, Plowright made a tentative return to film in projects such as "Brimstone and Treacle" (1982) and "Drowning by Numbers" (1988), although it was in the years that followed the passing of Olivier that her own career experienced new life. Suddenly reinvigorated, the actress appeared in an astounding number of films and television programs throughout the next decade, including acclaimed turns in "Avalon" (1990), "Enchanted April" (1992), "Stalin" (HBO, 1992), "Widow's Peak" (1995) and "Tea With Mussolini" (1999). In 2004, she...

Acknowledged as one of the finest stage actresses of her generation, Joan Plowright unexpectedly put her burgeoning career on hold in order to focus her young family and famous husband, Sir Laurence Olivier, prior to enjoying a sudden resurgence at the tender age of 60. Having honed her performance skills on the stages of London's Old Vic and Royal Court Theatres, Plowright impressed with supporting roles in films like "Time Without Pity" (1957) and "The Entertainer" (1960), the latter film starring future husband, Olivier. Despite this early success, she spent much of the 1960s and '70s dividing her time between family duties and occasional stage work with Olivier. Eventually, Plowright made a tentative return to film in projects such as "Brimstone and Treacle" (1982) and "Drowning by Numbers" (1988), although it was in the years that followed the passing of Olivier that her own career experienced new life. Suddenly reinvigorated, the actress appeared in an astounding number of films and television programs throughout the next decade, including acclaimed turns in "Avalon" (1990), "Enchanted April" (1992), "Stalin" (HBO, 1992), "Widow's Peak" (1995) and "Tea With Mussolini" (1999). In 2004, she reached her late husband's vaunted status in the U.K. when she was awarded the title of Dame Joan Plowright by Queen Elizabeth II. Continuing to appear in such films as "The Spiderwick Chronicles" (2008), Plowright remained as vibrant on screen as she had 50 years earlier.

Born Joan Ann Plowright on Oct. 28, 1929, in Brigg, Lincolnshire, England, she was the daughter of Daisy Margaret and William Ernest Plowright, a newspaper editor. Raised in nearby Scunthorpe, she was encouraged by her mother to participate in the productions of the amateur theater group that she oversaw. Despite her father's misgivings, the young Plowright pursued her growing acting ambitions, and at the age of 15, won an amateur theater prize, which included a week's run performing in a production with the Harry Hanson Players. Although being discouraged against following her dream by a curmudgeonly Mr. Hanson, she returned to her theatrical studies with a stint at the Laban Art of Movement Studio after graduating high school. After making her professional stage debut in a 1948 production of "If Four Walls Could Talk," it was off to London, when Plowright received a two-year scholarship to study at the prestigious Old Vic Theatre School. Following her London stage debut in 1954, Plowright became a member of the Royal Court Theatre in 1956, where she appeared in such productions as "The Crucible" and "The Country Wife." It was during a performance of the latter play that a certain Laurence Olivier, who was sitting in the audience with his then-wife, actress Vivien Leigh, first noticed Plowright. In interviews years later, the man many deemed the greatest actor of his generation, freely admitted that he was instantly smitten.

Meanwhile, Plowright, who had previously appeared in a handful of British television productions, made her feature film debut with an uncredited turn in American director John Huston's epic adaptation of Herman Melville's "Moby Dick" (1956), starring Gregory Peck as the obsessed Captain Ahab. In 1957, she took over the role of Jean, the daughter of fading music hall performer Archie Rice (Olivier) in playwright John Osborne's acclaimed drama "The Entertainer." By all accounts, it was during the course of the production and its subsequent run on Broadway that the actors fell in love. Steadily gaining notoriety, Plowright landed her first significant film role in Joseph Losey's taut British thriller "Time Without Pity" (1957). Later, she starred as Lady Teazle in a taped-for-television performance of Richard Sheridan's "The School for Scandal" (BBC, 1959), followed by the feature film adaptation of "The Entertainer" (1960), once again opposite Olivier in the title role. By then, Plowrights' marriage to British actor Roger Cage had ended, as had Olivier's 20-year union with the mentally ill Leigh. Now free to publicly acknowledge their relationship, the couple quickly married in 1961. For her Broadway performance as the unwed mother in "A Taste of Honey" that same year, Plowright received a 1961 Tony Award for Best Actress.

Surprising many, Plowright, whose professional trajectory was on a definite upswing, chose to spend the better part of the next two decades raising her growing family in order to allow her more famous husband to focus on his career. Still making time for periodic work on the stage, she was triumphant in a production of George Bernard Shaw's "St. Joan" (1963), and played Sonya in a recorded mounting of Anton Chekhov's "Uncle Vanya" (1963). Plowright later made her directorial debut with "Evasion of Woman" at the Old Vic Theater in 1969, prior to returning to the cineplex in a film adaptation of Chekhov's "Three Sisters" (1970), co-directed by Olivier, who performed in the production as well. That same year, she also appeared as Portia opposite Olivier's Shylock in a performance of Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" with the National Theatre. She eventually returned to the London stage with a glowing performance in the title role of the 1977 production of "Filumena," in addition to taking on a rare film role for director Sidney Lumet in the adaptation of playwright Peter Shaffer's psychological drama "Equus" (1977), starring Richard Burton. In 1980, Plowright reprised her role of Filumena on Broadway, which would mark the beginning of her transition from work primarily on stage, to an increased emphasis on film.

Plowright began her return to film in screenwriter Dennis Potter's suburban gothic oddity, "Brimstone and Treacle" (1982), which starred pop star Sting as a mysterious stranger who may or may not be the devil incarnate. Seeming to enjoy working in darkly bizarre projects, she took part in writer-director Peter Greenway's "Drowning By Numbers" (1988; released in the USA in 1991), cast as the murderous mother of two equally deadly sisters, all of whom share the name of Cissie Colpitts. After Olivier's death from cancer in 1989, Plowright - suddenly out from under the great thespians' shadow - experienced a late-career renaissance as a character actress in film. Her cinematic second life began with a turn as a mother unsuccessfully trying to assist her daughter (Tracey Ullman) in the murder of her philandering husband (Kevin Kline) in director Lawrence Kasdan's dark comedy "I Love You to Death" (1990). Right on its heels came writer-director Barry Levinson's third entry in his Baltimore trilogy, "Avalon" (1990), in which she played the matriarch of a Polish-Jewish immigrant family. With her Golden Globe-winning portrayal of the waspish Mrs. Fisher in director Mike Newell's "Enchanted April" (1992), Plowright now found herself in high demand as a character player.

More as a treat for her grandchildren than to satisfy any creative need, Plowright played the saintly wife to Walter Matthau's Mr. Wilson in the big screen adaptation of the classic comic strip, "Dennis the Menace" (1993), in addition to a brief appearance in the Arnold Schwarzenegger self-referencing satire "Last Action Hero" (1993). She then offered a slight variation of the Mrs. Fisher character in the comedy-drama "Widow's Peak" (1994), alongside Mia Farrow and Natasha Richardson. Working at a breakneck pace, she was also seen in director Roland Joffé's critically-reviled interpretation of "The Scarlet Letter" (1995), Franco Zeffirelli's criminally under-seen version of Charlotte Brontë's "Jane Eyre" (1996), the Merchant-Ivory production of "Surviving Picasso" (1996), and as the stalwart nanny in Disney's live-action remake of "101 Dalmatians" (1996), to name but a few. After a featured role in the romantic drama "Dance With Me" (1998), Plowright made her first venture into weekly television as a cast member on the sitcom "Encore! Encore!" (NBC, 1998-99). Cast as the feisty owner of a Napa Valley vineyard and the mother of a former opera star (Nathan Lane), the actress provided several of the short-lived show's most over-the-top moments.

Barely slowing down, Plowright once again played one of her signature English upper crust characters in Zeffirelli's semi-autobiographical "Tea with Mussolini" (1999), alongside Cher and fellow British theater grand dames, Judi Dench and Maggie Smith. Easily moving from period drama to contemporary comedy, later projects included a turn as an eccentric billionaire in the Steve Martin-Queen Latifah pairing "Bringing Down the House" (2003). She delivered a charming performance as a retired woman who unexpectedly finds a dear friend in a young, aspiring writer (Rupert Friend) in "Mrs. Palfrey at the Claremont" (2005), and playfully lent her voice to the animated family feature "Curious George" (2006), as Ms. Plushbottom. Plowright was also perfectly cast as the kindly, but misunderstood Aunt Lucinda in the big screen adaptation of the beloved children's fantasy book series "The Spiderwick Chronicles" (2008). Other late career roles included a turn in the gothic thriller "Knife Edge" (2009), and an appearance alongside Chevy Chase in the holiday family comedy "Goose on the Loose" (2011).

By Bryce Coleman

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Goose on the Loose! (2009) Cast
3.
 Bronte (2008)
4.
 Curious George (2006)
6.
 I Am David (2004) Sophie
7.
 Bringing Down the House (2003) Mrs Arness
8.
 Callas Forever (2003) Sarah Keller
9.
 Rock My World (2002) Lady Foxley
10.
 Back to the Secret Garden (2001) Martha Sowerby
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Raised in Scunthorpe, England
:
As a child, acted in amateur plays staged by her mother
1935:
Won a local drama prize at age 15, which led to a week's work playing a maid with the Harry Hanson Players
1948:
Professional stage debut at Grand Theatre, Croydon in "If Four Walls Could Talk"
1954:
London stage debut in "The Duenna"
1955:
Was a member of the company performing at the Nottingham Playhouse
:
Had first major stage success as Margery Pinchwife in "The Country Wife"; first caught the attention of Laurence Olivier
1957:
Had supporting role in the feature "Time Without Pity"; directed by Joseph Losey
1957:
Co-starred as Olivier's daughter in John Osborne's "The Entertainer"
1958:
Made Broadway debut in "The Entertainer"
1959:
Starred in the BBC telecast of "The School for Scandal"
1960:
Recreated stage role opposite Olivier in film version of "The Entertainer"
1961:
Won Tony Award for leading performance in "A Taste of Honey"
1969:
Directed "Evasion of Woman" at the Old Vic Theater
1970:
Returned to features after a ten year absence in film adaptation of "Three Sisters"; co-directed by husband Olivier
1973:
Co-starred with Olivier in the BBC telecast of "The Merchant of Venice" (aired in the US on ABC)
:
Appeared in last joint stage appearence with Olivier in "Saturday, Sunday, Monday"; directed by Franco Zeffirelli (aired on British TV in 1977)
1977:
Played the mother of a troubled youth (Peter Firth) in Sidney Lumet's film version of "Equus"
1977:
Scored a stage triumph in London in title role of "Filumena"
1980:
Reprised her role in short-lived Broadway production of "Filumena"; staged by husband Olivier
1980:
Cast as Mrs. Frank in the NBC remake of "The Diary of Anne Frank"
1983:
Last screen collaboration with Olivier, "Wagner"
:
Had stage success with "The House of Bernarda Alba"; recreated role for TV (aired in 1991 on PBS)
1990:
Had supporting role as Tracey Ullman's Yugoslavian mother in Lawrence Kasdan's black comedy "I Love You to Death"
1990:
Co-starred as a Polish/Jewish matriarch in Barry Levinson's autobiographical feature "Avalon"
1992:
Earned Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination for her performance as a dowager in "Enchanted April"
1992:
Starred in the unsold pilot for a television series based on the hit play and film "Driving Miss Daisy"
1992:
Co-starred in the HBO biopic "Stalin"
1996:
Played the housekeeper in Zeffirelli's remake of "Jane Eyre"
1996:
Had featured role in the Disney live-action remake of "101 Dalmatians"
:
Cast as Nathan Lane's mother in the NBC sitcom "Encore! Encore!"
1999:
Reteamed with Zeffirelli for the feature "Tea with Mussolini"
2000:
Provided one of the creature voices for the animated film "Dinosaur"
2000:
Had lead role in the TV-movie "Frankie and Hazel" (Showtime)
2001:
Starred as the maid Martha Sowerby in the Showtime movie "Back to the Secret Garden"
2003:
Played Steve Martin's billionaire client in "Bringing Down The House"
2005:
Cast as Aunt Clara in the big screen adaptation of "Bewitched"
2006:
Voiced Miss Plushbottom in "Curious George" a big screen version of the popular children's books
2008:
Cast as Aunt Lucinda in the fantasy film "The Spiderwick Chronicles"
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Laban Art of Movement Studio: - 1949 - 1950
Bristol Old Vic Theatre School: - 1950 - 1952

Notes

In 1970, Plowright was made a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) for her "contribution to the British theater" by Queen Elizabeth II

"When you get such interesting and amusing film roles, it doesn't seem dreadfully exciting to be in the 257th revival of [the 19th Century play] 'The Rivals.' And it's fun setting off all over the world--and being extremely well-paid." --Joan Plowright to Los Angeles Times, December 31, 1996.

On her marriage to Olivier and her decision to put their family first, Plowright told Valerie Grove of the Los Angeles Times (December 31, 1996): "If a man is to achieve, someone has to step down for a bit, as long as each of you gets a turn. He was a world-famous figure, and I sensed the responsibility I had in helping to keep his life going in an enormously important, highly stressful job. Larry didn't want us to be ships that passed in the night."

Companions close complete companion listing

husband:
Roger Gage. Actor. Married September 1953; divorced 1960.
husband:
Laurence Olivier. Actor, director, producer. Married March 17, 1961 until his death in July 1989.

Family close complete family listing

father:
William Ernest Plowright. Newspaper editor.
mother:
Daisy Margaret Plowright.
brother:
David Plowright. TV executive, producer. Executive chair, Granada TV, British production company; was forced to resign February 1992; as head of programming, was responsible for "Brideshead Revisited" and "The Jewel in the Crown".
son:
Richard Kerr Olivier. Producer, director.
daughter:
Tamsin Agnes Margaret Olivier. Actor.
daughter:
Julie-Kate Olivier. Actor.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"And That's Not All: The Memoirs of Joan Plowright" Weidenfeld & Nicolson

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