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Also Known As: Juan Schwartz, Randolph Severn Parker Iii Died:
Born: October 19, 1969 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Denver, Colorado, USA Profession: animator, director, screenwriter, producer, actor, voice actor, editor, composer, musician

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Occasionally a TV show insinuates itself into popular culture shortly after its premiere, lending itself to parody and punchlines and giving the world catchphrases. Such was the case with "South Park" (Comedy Central, 1997- ), a crude and crudely animated series about four foul-mouthed third-graders in a fictional Colorado town. From its debut, "South Park" courted controversy and was variously described as "'Peanuts' on acid" and "a cartoon from hell". The substandard animation utilizing construction paper cut-outs masked the subversive comedy at the heart of the show. Nothing and no one was sacred; the show took demented glee in being politically incorrect as well as skewering cultural icons (like Barbra Streisand and David Caruso). The series was an offshoot of a short film made by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, "The Spirit of Christmas", which features a confrontation between Santa Claus and Jesus Christ over the holiday's true meaning. The pair also collaborated on the irreverent feature "South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut" (1999).The Colorado-born Parker had already demonstrated his warped sense of humor as a college student at the University of Colorado. Not interested in creating standard fare,...

Occasionally a TV show insinuates itself into popular culture shortly after its premiere, lending itself to parody and punchlines and giving the world catchphrases. Such was the case with "South Park" (Comedy Central, 1997- ), a crude and crudely animated series about four foul-mouthed third-graders in a fictional Colorado town. From its debut, "South Park" courted controversy and was variously described as "'Peanuts' on acid" and "a cartoon from hell". The substandard animation utilizing construction paper cut-outs masked the subversive comedy at the heart of the show. Nothing and no one was sacred; the show took demented glee in being politically incorrect as well as skewering cultural icons (like Barbra Streisand and David Caruso). The series was an offshoot of a short film made by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, "The Spirit of Christmas", which features a confrontation between Santa Claus and Jesus Christ over the holiday's true meaning. The pair also collaborated on the irreverent feature "South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut" (1999).

The Colorado-born Parker had already demonstrated his warped sense of humor as a college student at the University of Colorado. Not interested in creating standard fare, he and Chris Graves fashioned a five-and-one-half minute review of "American History" (1992), featuring coarsely-designed cut-out figures. The short earned attention and received a silver medal in the Student Academy Awards competition. The following year, Parker attempted a more ambitious undertaking, a live-action musical based on the true story of Alferd Packer, a Civil War veteran and prospector who confessed to eating four men who were trapped with him by a snowstorm. Fashioning a thoroughly unusual film, the fledgling director/songwriter submitted his opus to the Sundance Film Festival. Not surprisingly, "Alferd Packer! The Musical!" (1993) was rejected. Nonetheless, Parker arranged a midnight screening and the alternative Slamdance Festival traces its roots to that screening. Troma purchased the rights to distribute the amateurish film and released it under the title "Cannibal! The Musical!" Featured in the cast was Matt Stone.

Parker and Stone moved to Los Angeles in 1994 and, in need of funds, agreed to make the holiday video greeting card for TV executive Brian Graden. The result was "The Spirit of Christmas" which quickly became a must-see in Hollywood. (Celebrities ranging from Steven Spielberg to George Clooney and Tom Cruise were reported to have obtained copies.) Before the executives from Comedy Central came calling with the offer of a series, Parker and Stone lent their perversely oddball humor to another feature. "Orgazmo" (lensed in 1996; shown at festivals in 1997-98; released theatrically in 1998), about a Mormon who becomes a porno star. The attractive, bleached blonde Parker undertook the leading role in addition to directing, editing and co-writing both the script and songs with Stone. (Their rock band DVDA also performed the music.) Praised for its originality, "Orgazmo" was picked up for distribution by October Films. Following their small screen success (which included a reported $15 million contract to produce episodes of "South Park" through the year 2000), Parker and Stone found themselves co-starring in David Zucker's zany comedy "BASEketball" (1998), about the creators of a hybrid sport that combined baseball and basketball. Zucker reportedly tailored the script to the particular talents of the duo.

As "South Park's" pop cultural cachet inevitably cooled after several seasons on the air, Parker and Stone explored new horizons, again pushing politically correct boundaries. The first effort, "That's My Bush!" (Comedy Central, 2001), a sit-com parodying sit-coms by showing President George W. Bush in outrageous variations of cliched, "wacky" sit-com premises, failed to catch on with audiences, as much due to the pro-America sentiments following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, as to its own creative shortcomings. Parker and Stone's next major project, however, was appealing subversive and high-concept: "Team America: World Police" (2004) satirized everything from the current political climate to big-budget action films and included a whopping does of the duo's trademark scatalogical humor, all delivered by puppets designed in a clunky, old-fashioned "Thunderbirds"-style.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

DIRECTOR:

1.
3.
  Orgazmo (1997) Director
4.
  Cannibal! The Musical (1993) Director

CAST: (feature film)

2.
 American Dreamz (2006)
3.
 Team America: World Police (2004) Voice Of Gary; Voice Of Hans Blix; Voice Of Kim Jong Il; Voice Of Joe; Voice Of Carson; Voice Of Matt Damon; Voice Of Tim Robbins; All Additional Voices; Voice Of Drunk In Bar
4.
 Run, Ronnie, Run (2002) (Cameo Appearance)
5.
 Baseketball (1998) Joseph 'Coop' Cooper
6.
 Orgazmo (1997) Elder Joe Young
7.
 Cannibal! The Musical (1993) Alferd Packer
8.
 Newsies (1992) Kid Blink
9.
 I Love The '90s (2004) Interviewee
10.
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

1992:
With Chris Graves, made first animated short, the 5-minute "American History"; film won a silver medal in the Student Academy Awards competition
:
Created "The Spirit of Christmas" with Matt Stone, two animated short films referred to as "Jesus vs. Frosty" (1992) and "Jesus vs. Santa" (1995)
1993:
Submitted first film "Alferd Packer! The Musical!" to the Sundance Film Festival; film was not accepted but was purchased by Troma and re-titled "Cannibal! The Musical!"
1994:
Moved to Los Angeles with Matt Stone
1997:
Co-wrote (with Stone), directed and starred in "Orgazmo"; shown at the 1998 Sundance Film Festival
1997:
Co-created the animated Comedy Central series "South Park" with Matt Stone; also wrote, directed, and voiced several characters
1998:
Co-starred in David Zucker's film comedy "BASEketball"
1999:
With Stone, produced, co-wrote and voiced characters in the feature "South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut"; also directed; also co-wrote songs included in the film; shared a Best Original Song Oscar nomination with Marc Shaiman for "Blame Canada"
2001:
Co-created the sitcom "That's My Bush," spoofing the presidential family
2004:
With Stone, produced, co-wrote and voiced characters in the feature "Team America: World Police"
2005:
Signed a deal to keep "South Park" at Comedy Central through the end of 2008, with Parker and Stone continuing to write, direct, voice and edit
2007:
Signed a deal with Comedy Central worth $75 million, which will keep "South Park" at the network through 2011
2011:
Teamed with Matt Stone and composer Robert Lopez to create the Broadway musical, "The Book of Mormon"; earned Tony nominations for Best Musical, Best Book of a Musical and Best Score
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Evergreen High School: Conifer , Colorado -
Berkelee College of Music: Boston , Massachusetts -
University of Colorado: Boulder , Colorado -

Notes

Not to be confused with the actor-singer Trey Parker who appeared in "Newsies".

"Right after 'The Spirit of Christmas', it got to the point where we were doing three meetings a day and getting offered multipicture deals from every studio. I got a call from one of my agents saying, 'Trey, you've been offered to direct a picture for a million and half dollars.' And I said, 'Wow, what's the movie?' And they said, 'It's "Barney: The Movie"'. I said, 'Who the hell wants me to direct "Barney: The Movie"?' They said, 'They want it to be a G-rated thing, and they saw that you can make really funny stuff with kids since you did "The Spirit of Christmas"'" --Parker quoted in Rolling Stone, February 19, 1998.

"People think the show is just fart jokes. I wish. It wouldn't be so hard to find writers." --Trey Parker in Newsweek, March 23, 1998.

On meeting Matt Stone at the University of Colorado, Parker told Newsweek (March 23, 1998) they bonded because "we were the only ones who didn't want to make black-and-white films about lesbians."

"We don't think in terms of how outrageous we can be, When we sit down to write these we don't say, 'How far can we get? How can we offend people?' . . . We're not in the business of offending people. We're in the business of making people laugh." --Trey Parker quoted in Los Angeles Times, February 4, 1998.

"There's this whole thing out there about how kids are so innocent and pure. That's bullshit. Kids are malicious little fuckers. They totally jump on any bandwagon and rip on the weak guy at any chance. They say whatever bad word they can think of. They are total fucking bastards, but for some reason everyone has kids and forgets about what they were like when they were kids." --Parker quoted in Rolling Stone, February 19, 1998.

Companions close complete companion listing

companion:
Liane. High school sweethearts; had been engaged; she reportedly left Parker for another man; Parker used woman as the basis for the character of Wendy Testaburger in "South Park".

Family close complete family listing

father:
Randy Parker. Geologist.
mother:
Sharon Parker. Insurance representative.
sister:
Shelley Parker. Older.

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