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Marcel Pagnol

Marcel Pagnol

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Also Known As: Died: April 18, 1974
Born: February 28, 1895 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: France Profession: Writer ...
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MILESTONES

:
Spent childhood in Marseilles
:
Founded a literary journal, "Fortunio", published in Marseilles (later renamed "Les Cahiers du Sud")
1910:
Wrote first play, "Catulle/Catullus" (based on the life of the Roman poet), when he was 15
:
First collaborative effort, the one-act play "Ulysse Chez les Pheniciens/Ulysses in the House of the Phoenicians", with Arno Charles Brun
:
First novel, "La Petite Fille aux Yeux Sombres/The Little Girl with the Dark Eyes"
1922:
Moved to Paris; taught high school; co-authored "Les Marchands de Gloire/The Merchants of Glory" with Paul Nivoix
1925:
Quit teaching job when "Merchants" was staged at the Theatre de la Madeleine
1926:
Wrote "Jazz", a play based to some extent on his experiences as a teacher
1928:
Success of "Topaze" and "Marius" cemented Pagnol's popularity and reputation
1931:
Granted film rights to "Topaze" to Paramount Publix, the French subsidiary of the American film studio; film made by Louis Gasnier the following year
1931:
First film adaptation of a Pagnol work, "Marius", directed by Alexander Korda, the first installment in what would become known as his "Marseilles trilogy"
1932:
Produced first film, "Fanny", directed by Marc Allegret, the second installment in his trilogy
1933:
First American adaptation of a Pagnol work, "Topaze", directed by Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast from a Ben Hecht script for RKO
1933:
Formed film production company, "Les Auteurs Associes", with a studio in Marseilles; made arrangements with several local theaters to serve as outlets for his films
1933:
Co-directed first film, "Direct au Coeur/Straight from the Heart" (with Roger Lion)
1933:
Solo directed first film, "Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier"
1934:
Initiated collaboration with writer Jean Giono (1895-1970) on "Jofroi/Ways of Love"
1934:
Produced "Toni", directed by Jean Renoir
1934:
Changed name of company to "La Societe des Films Marcel Pagnol
1936:
Wrote and directed conclusion of Marseilles trilogy, "Cesar", directly for the screen
1936:
Directed his own remake of "Topaze"
1938:
Made best-remembered film outside of Marseilles trilogy, "La Femme du boulanger/The Baker's Wife"
1941:
Ended working relationship with Giono after a falling out between the two men (date approximate)
1947:
Inducted into the Academie Francaise, the first filmmaker to be so honored
1948:
Directed "Le Belle Meuniere", starring Tino Rossi, experimenting with new color film process, Rouxcolor
1950:
Directed another remake of "Topaze"
1954:
Theatrical impresario David Merrick produced a Broadway musical, "Fanny" based on Pagnol's Marseille trilogy
1954:
Directed last film, "Les Lettres de Mon Moulin/Letters from My Windmill"
:
Retired from the cinema to write plays and four volumes of memoirs under the heading "Souvenirs D'Enfance/Memories of Childhood"
1963:
Published "L'Eau des Collines/The Water of the Hills", a two-volume epic reworking earlier material; later adapted into Claude Berri's acclaimed films "Jean De Florette" and "Manon of the Spring" (both 1986)
1991:
London stage revival of Stephen Schwartz musical, "The Baker's Wife" directed by Trevor Nunn and starring Alun Armstrong

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