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Larry Mcmurtry

Larry Mcmurtry

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Also Known As: Larry Jeff Mcmurtry Died:
Born: June 3, 1936 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Wichita Falls, Texas, USA Profession: novelist, screenwriter, professor, bookstore owner

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Prolific author and screenwriter McMurtry has carved a niche as the chronicler of a fictional West (with particular emphasis on his native Texas) in transition. He is credited with reviving the genre and imbuing it with realism laced with satire. Although he has written novels set in other areas of the US, the flavor of the Southwest permeates. Raised in Archer County, TX on a cattle ranch established by his grandfather, McMurtry began his literary career at North Texas State University writing for the literary magazine "Avesta." Upon graduation, he worked intermittently as a teacher, first at Texas Christian University (1961-62) and then at Rice University (1963-64 and 1965-69). He continued his literary career as well, working as a freelance journalist and book reviewer.McMurtry's first novel, "Horseman, Pass By", was published in 1961 and symbolically uses the myths and legends of the cowboy. Hollywood turned the novel into Martin Ritt's "Hud" starring Paul Newman and featuring Patricia Neal and Melvyn Douglas who won Oscars as Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor. Several other of his novels have been adapted as films. "Leaving Cheyenne" became Sydney Lumet's underrated "Lovin' Molly" (1974)...

Prolific author and screenwriter McMurtry has carved a niche as the chronicler of a fictional West (with particular emphasis on his native Texas) in transition. He is credited with reviving the genre and imbuing it with realism laced with satire. Although he has written novels set in other areas of the US, the flavor of the Southwest permeates. Raised in Archer County, TX on a cattle ranch established by his grandfather, McMurtry began his literary career at North Texas State University writing for the literary magazine "Avesta." Upon graduation, he worked intermittently as a teacher, first at Texas Christian University (1961-62) and then at Rice University (1963-64 and 1965-69). He continued his literary career as well, working as a freelance journalist and book reviewer.

McMurtry's first novel, "Horseman, Pass By", was published in 1961 and symbolically uses the myths and legends of the cowboy. Hollywood turned the novel into Martin Ritt's "Hud" starring Paul Newman and featuring Patricia Neal and Melvyn Douglas who won Oscars as Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor. Several other of his novels have been adapted as films. "Leaving Cheyenne" became Sydney Lumet's underrated "Lovin' Molly" (1974) featuring a luminous central performance by Blythe Danner. James L. Brooks wrote and directed the Oscar-winning tearjerker "Terms of Endearment" (1983) which earned Shirley MacLaine her Best Actress accolade. McMurtry collaborated with director Peter Bogdanovich on the screen adaptation of the superlative, elegiac "The Last Picture Show" (1971). Filmed in black in white, the feature draws on McMurtry's upbringing in Archer City, TX in the 1950s and is a complex treatment of adolescence filtered against the spiritual barrenness of small town America. Beautifully designed by Polly Platt and sensitively directed by Bogdanovich, "The Last Picture Show" introduced a host of talented young actors including Cybill Shepherd, Jeff Bridges and Randy Quaid and provided meaty roles for such established performers as Ellen Burstyn, Cloris Leachman and Ben Johnson (the latter two received the 1971 Best Supporting Actress and Best Supporting Actor Oscars). A reuniting with Bogdanovich, Shepherd, Bridges and Leachman for a 1990 sequel adapted from McMurtry's novel "Texasville" failed to recapture the magic. McMurtry wrote the original screenplay for "Falling From Grace" (1992), the feature debut of rock singer John Mellencamp.

McMurtry gained his widest audience with the television adaptation of his 1986 Pulitzer Prize winning "Lonesome Dove" (CBS, 1989) with a teleplay by Bill Wittliff. Directed by Simon Wincer and starring Robert Duvall and Tommy Lee Jones, the miniseries traced the tale of two former Texas Rangers on a cattle drive to Montana. The critical acclaim and ratings success led to the establishment of a cottage industry. McMurtry wrote two additional novels about the characters, "Streets of Laredo" and "Dead Man's Walk," and CBS produced a TV sequel, "Return to Lonesome Dove" (1993) as well as the adaptation "Larry McMurtry's 'Streets of Laredo'" (1995). Two syndicated series inspired by the novel, "Lonesome Dove: The Series" (1994) and "Lonesome Dove: The Outlaw Years" (1995), were also produced. McMurtry continued churning out novels, writing back-to-back "The Late Child," a sequel to 1983's "Desert Rose" and "Comanche Moon," the latest (and perhaps last) addition to the "Lonesome Dove" series which was set to be filmed as a CBS miniseries in April 2006.

The sequel to "Terms of Endearment," McMurtry's 1992 novel "The Evening Star," was adapted into a feature in 1996, and starred MacLaine in a reprisal of her Oscar-winning role alongside newcomers Bill Paxton and Juliette Lewis. Sadly, the sequel failed to live up to its predecessor, and fell flat with audiences and critics. In 1999, he returned to the West Texas oil town of Thalia for "Duane's Depressed," the last in the trilogy started with "The Last Picture Show." He then wrote and executive produced "Johnson County War" (Hallmark Channel, 2002), a two-part miniseries set in 1891 Wyoming that depicted three brothers (Tom Berenger, Luke Perry and Adam Storke) caught in the midst of an escalating range war pitting old-time cattle barons and homesteaders moved onto grazing lands. Later that year, McMurtry began publishing his Berrybender Narratives, a tetralogy-which included "Sin Killer" (2002), "The Wandering Hill" (2003), "By Sorrow's River" (also 2003) and "Folly and Glory" (2004)-about an aristocratic English family on the Missouri frontier in the 1830s.

McMurtry's biggest success to date has been "Brokeback Mountain" (2005), his adaptation of Annie Proulx's raw and unsentimental short story about two men in 1960s Wyoming who fall in love while spending a summer sheepherding. Co-written with longtime collaborator Diana Ossana, who read Proulx's moving short story in The New Yorker one sleepless night in 1997, the project spent years looking for willing talent to sign on-Billy Crudup, Josh Harnett, Colin Farrell and Joaquin Ph nix were all mentioned at one point or another to star. For several years, "Brokeback Mountain"-which was routinely passed on by numerous directors as well-was considered to be one of the best unproduced screenplays in Hollywood. Eventually, McMurtry and Ossana enlisted Ang Lee ("Sense and Sensibility", "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon") to direct after his debacle with "The Hulk" (2003). Once Lee signed on, "Brokeback Mountain" moved into production in 2004 starring Heath Ledger and Jack Gyllenhaal as the repressed and secretive lovers who, after falling in love one summer, spend the next two decades rekindling the affair on fishing trips even though both are married and have families. Despite the controversial subject matter, "Brokeback Mountain" was praised by critics and took in over $50 million at the box office. Numerous awards followed for McMurtry and Ossana, including a Golden Globe for Best Screenplay - Motion Picture, the WGA Award for Adapted Screenplay and the Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay at the 78th Annual Academy Awards.

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Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

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Milestones close milestones

:
Born and raised in north central Texas
:
Wrote book reviews for THE HOUSTON POST; contributed articles to various publications, mostly on Texas
1961:
Taught at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth
1961:
First novel, "Horseman, Pass By" published; adapted for film as "Hud" in 1963
:
Lecturer in English and creative writing at Rice University in Houston
1969:
Moved to Washington, DC to teach at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia
1970:
Opened first store, Booked Up Book Store in Washington, DC (co-owner with John Curtis and Martha Carter)
1971:
First screenplay, "The Last Picture Show", co-written with Peter Bogdanovich
1985:
Published "Lonesome Dove"; won 1986 Pulitzer Prize in Fiction
1988:
First TV credit, wrote story for "The Murder of Mary Phagan" (NBC)
1990:
First teleplay for the TNT cable movie "Montana"
1990:
Co-wrote film "Texasville" with Peter Bogdanovich; sequel to "The Last Picture Show" adapted from McMurtry's novel
1992:
First solo screenplay credit "Falling From Grace"
1995:
First TV credit as executive producer, "Larry McMurtry's 'Streets of Laredo'" (CBS)
1996:
Adapted the screenplay for the western mini-series "Dead Man's Walk," based on his novel of the same name; also produced
2005:
Adapted Ang Lee's "Brokeback Mountain," for the big screen, which is based on the short story by E. Annie Proulx; also executive produced
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Archer City High School: Archer City , Texas - 1954
University of North Texas: Denton , Texas - 1958
Rice University: Houston , Texas - 1960
Stanford University: Stanford , California - 1960 - 1961

Notes

McMurtry has quadruple-bypass surgery in December 1991.

He was the first non-New Yorker to serve as president of the literary organization PEN since the 1920s.

Received Guggenheim Fellowship for creative writing in 1964.

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Josephine Ballard. Married on July 15, 1959; divorced in August 1966.

Family close complete family listing

father:
William Jefferson McMurtry. Rancher.
mother:
Hazel Ruth McMurtry.
son:
James Lawrence McMurtry. Singer. Born on March 18, 1962.

Bibliography close complete biography

"Horseman Pass By" Harper & Brothers
"Leaving Cheyenne" Harper & Row
"The Last Picture Show" Dial
"In a Narrow Grave: Essays on Texas" Encino Press
"Moving On" Simon & Schuster
"All My Friends are Going to Be Strangers" Simon & Schuster
"Terms of Endearment" Simon & Schuster
"Somebody's Darling" Simon & Schuster
"Cadillac Jack" Simon & Schuster
"The Desert Rose" Simon & Schuster
"Lonesome Dove" Simon & Schuster
"Film Flam: Essays on Hollywood" Simon & Schuster
"The Late Child"
"Texasville"
"Anything for Billy" Simon & Schuster
"Some Can Whistle" Simon & Schuster
"Buffalo Girls" Simon & Schuster
"The Evening Star" Simon & Schuster
"Streets of Laredo" Simon & Schuster
"Pretty Boy Floyd" Simon & Schuster
"The Lost Child"
"Dead Man's Walk" Simon & Schuster
"Comanche Moon"
"Crazy Horse" Penguin
"Duane's Depressed" Simon & Schuster
"Walter Benjamin and the Dairy Queen: Reflections at Sixty and Beyond" Simon & Schuster
"Boone's Lick" Simon & Schuster
"Paradise" Simon & Schuster
VIEW COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY

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