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Carl Mayer

Carl Mayer

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Also Known As: Carl Zuckmayer Died: July 5, 1944
Born: November 20, 1894 Cause of Death: cancer
Birth Place: Austria Profession: screenwriter, sketch artist, actor, peddler

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Highly influential figure of German film whose list of credits--ranging from the seminal, expressionistic "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" (1919) to the sophisticated early talkie, "Ariane" (1931)--reads like a history of Weimar cinema. Mayer's work stands out from that of his contemporaries thanks to his concern with social issues; working in a film culture which was more concerned with form than content, he managed to inject a grainy realism into the Expressionist visual style, notably in films such as "Sylvester" (1923) and F.W. Murnau's "The Last Laugh" (1924). Though he turned down the opportunity to go to Hollywood with Murnau (his most consistent collaborator) Mayer provided the screenplays for two of the director's American classics, including "Sunrise--A Song of Two Humans" (1927). "Sunrise" was one of the few silent features to tell its story almost entirely through images, resorting to intertitles only for occasional dialogue. With the coming of Nazism Mayer moved first to France and then Great Britain, where he wrote several Paul Czinner films and worked uncredited on "Pygmalion" (1937) and "Major Barbara" (1941) before dying of cancer.

Highly influential figure of German film whose list of credits--ranging from the seminal, expressionistic "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" (1919) to the sophisticated early talkie, "Ariane" (1931)--reads like a history of Weimar cinema. Mayer's work stands out from that of his contemporaries thanks to his concern with social issues; working in a film culture which was more concerned with form than content, he managed to inject a grainy realism into the Expressionist visual style, notably in films such as "Sylvester" (1923) and F.W. Murnau's "The Last Laugh" (1924).

Though he turned down the opportunity to go to Hollywood with Murnau (his most consistent collaborator) Mayer provided the screenplays for two of the director's American classics, including "Sunrise--A Song of Two Humans" (1927). "Sunrise" was one of the few silent features to tell its story almost entirely through images, resorting to intertitles only for occasional dialogue.

With the coming of Nazism Mayer moved first to France and then Great Britain, where he wrote several Paul Czinner films and worked uncredited on "Pygmalion" (1937) and "Major Barbara" (1941) before dying of cancer.

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

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Milestones close milestones

1914:
Editor of "Insbrucker Theater-Almanach"
1918:
Literary consultant to theater company at Blumenstrasse, Berlin
1919:
First film as writer, "Die Frau im Kafig"; second film as writer (co), the expressionist classic "Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari/The Cabinet of Dr. Claigari"
1927:
Declined offer to go to Hollywood with F.W. Murnau, writing scripts for Murnau's US films in Germany
1931:
Immigrated to England
1932:
Co-wrote Paul Czinner's French ("Melo") and German ("Der Traumende Mund") versions of "Melo"; also co-writer of Czinner's British remake, "Dreaming Lips" (1937)
1932:
Fled from Nazi's to England; worked as consultant on some Paul Rotha films (being credited on only a couple of them)
1943:
Served as script advisor to Filipo Del Giudice at Two Cities Films
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Bibliography close complete biography

"Sylvester Ein Lichtspiel"

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