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|Also Known As:||Julius Henry Marx,Groucho [Marx]||Died:||August 19, 1977|
|Born:||October 2, 1890||Cause of Death:||pneumonia|
|Birth Place:||New York City, New York, USA||Profession:||Cast ... comedian actor TV host radio host writer|
With his signature glasses, cigar and grease-painted mustache, Groucho Marx led the manic madness of The Marx Brothers in more than a dozen films, highlighted by his rapid-fire, sardonic wit and mastery of the double entendre. Encouraged by their ambitious mother, Groucho and his brothers crafted their individual personas while toiling on the vaudeville circuit for more than 15 years before taking their act to Broadway in 1924. Working with writers like George S. Kaufman and ensemble players like Margaret Dumont, Groucho and the Marx Brothers eventually brought their comedic chaos to the cinema with such early hits as "The Cocoanuts" (1929), "Animal Crackers" (1930) and "Monkey Business" (1931). Underappreciated in its day, "Duck Soup" (1933) found the group at their unbridled creative peak, while the more structured "A Night at the Opera" (1935) and "A Day at the Races" (1937) were undeniably crowd pleasers. Although The Marx Brothers' film career began to wane in the years leading up to World War II, Groucho enjoyed a lengthy second career as the beloved host of the long-running game show "You Bet Your Life" (NBC, 1950-1961), which began on radio in 1947. Outliving his brothers Chico and Harpo and outlasting nearly all his contemporaries, the 82-year-old comedian had the crowd in stitches one last time with a sold-out performance at Carnegie Hall in 1972. Long before his passing, Groucho had become more than a movie star and comic legend - he was an indelible part of American iconography.
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