Appeared Off-Broadway and in summer stock
Famous early career moment on screen: as the tough thug who throws scalding hot coffee in Gloria Grahame's face in Fritz Lang's noir classic, "The Big Heat"
Film acting debut in Henry Hathaway's "You're In the Navy Now
Fought in Pacific chapter of WWII; gun shot wound resulted in 13 months of hospitalization before discharge
Played a squadron leader in Samuel Fuller's comeback picture "The Big Red One"
Played methodical, gray-haired businessman-assassin in Don Siegel's "The Killers" (film was originally made-for-TV, but deemed to violent and released theatrically; marked Ronald Reagan's final screen role before his political career)
Portrayed devious fur dealer in "Gorky Park"
Was successful defendant in landmark "palimony" suit brought against him by onetime live-in girlfriend, Michelle Triola Marvin
Appeared in "Prime Cut", once again as a violent hero
Delivered strong performance as vicious killer Liberty Valence in John Ford's "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence"
Moved to Hollywood under the aegis of Henry Hathaway
Created one of the most influential violent heroes as the destroyer of the "organization" in John Boorman's "Point Blank"
Stage debut in "Roadside" with Maverick Theater, Woodstock, NY; then to Greenwich Village, New York
Played a squadron leader in Samuel Fuller's comeback pic "The Big Red One"
Returned to New York for Broadway appearance in "Billy Budd"; then toured in "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "The Hasty Heart"
Starred on TV's "M Squad" (117 episodes)
Film debut (a bit) in "Teresa", directed by Fred Zinnemann
Led a band of "dead-end" soldiers behind enemy lines in the hit "The Dirty Dozen"
Made screen singing debut in Josh Logan's dreadful "Paint Your Wagon"
Portrayed a dim-witted, sadistic cowboy who menaced Spencer Tracy in "Bad Day at Black Rock"
Signed contract with Columbia
Won Best Actor Oscar doing double duty as Kid Shelleen, the whisky-soaked but good-hearted gunfighter, and his evil twin Tim Straun, who dressed in black and wore a silver nose because his own had been bitten off in a brawl