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George Lucas

George Lucas

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Also Known As: George Walton Lucas Jr. Died:
Born: May 14, 1944 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Modesto, California, USA Profession: director, producer, editor

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Arguably the most important innovator cinema history, George Lucas pushed the envelope ever since his early film student days. Considered a wunderkind by his contemporaries, he initially had difficulty communicating his vision to studio executives, who did little to support "THX 1138" (1971) or "American Graffiti" (1973), his first two features. Lucas again struggled to find a studio to take a risk on his sci-fi epic "Star Wars" (1977), although its monumental triumph both set the standard for the blockbuster film and established Lucas as a titan in the industry. When he teamed with fellow boy genius Steven Spielberg on "Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981) and its sequels, his stature was secured. In addition to overseeing the continuing adventures of Luke Skywalker in various forms, Lucas acted as executive producer on several projects throughout the 1980s and became the industry's premier innovator of theatre and film technology through his companies ILM and Lucasfilm . While merchandising from "Star Wars" continued to earn him millions, Lucas continually tinkered with the existing trilogy, often angering diehard fans. "Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace" (1999) and its two prequels ruled the...

Arguably the most important innovator cinema history, George Lucas pushed the envelope ever since his early film student days. Considered a wunderkind by his contemporaries, he initially had difficulty communicating his vision to studio executives, who did little to support "THX 1138" (1971) or "American Graffiti" (1973), his first two features. Lucas again struggled to find a studio to take a risk on his sci-fi epic "Star Wars" (1977), although its monumental triumph both set the standard for the blockbuster film and established Lucas as a titan in the industry. When he teamed with fellow boy genius Steven Spielberg on "Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981) and its sequels, his stature was secured. In addition to overseeing the continuing adventures of Luke Skywalker in various forms, Lucas acted as executive producer on several projects throughout the 1980s and became the industry's premier innovator of theatre and film technology through his companies ILM and Lucasfilm . While merchandising from "Star Wars" continued to earn him millions, Lucas continually tinkered with the existing trilogy, often angering diehard fans. "Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace" (1999) and its two prequels ruled the box office, but fan and critical reaction was tepid. Another long-awaited project "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" (2008) also made money, but ultimately left viewers cold. Consequently, Lucas' legacy would be one of conflicting emotions from generations of ardent fans who simultaneously felt inspired by and betrayed by the once infallible creative genius.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

DIRECTOR:

3.
4.
  Star Wars: A New Hope (1977) Director
5.
  American Graffiti (1973) Director
6.
  THX 1138 (1971) Director

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Moving Images (2016)
3.
 Milius (2013)
4.
 Side by Side (2012)
6.
 Heckler (2007)
7.
 Pixar Story, The (2007)
8.
9.
 Tell Them Who You Are (2004) Cast
10.
 Kurosawa (2001) Himself
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Won numerous motor racing trophies while a teenager
1962:
Badly injured in car crash just days before his high school graduation
1966:
Began film career as assistant editor for U.S. Information Agency
1967:
Received Grand Prize in the National Student Film Festival for his short version of "THX-1138"
1968:
Won Warner Bros scholarship; spent six months as an assistant to Francis Ford Coppola on "Finian's Rainbow"
1969:
Appointed vice-president of Coppola's newly-formed American Zoetrope company
1971:
Incorporated Lucasfilm Ltd.
1971:
Directed (also wrote) debut feature "THX-1138"
1973:
Formed Star Wars Corp.
1973:
Co-produced first feature "American Graffiti"; also directed and co-wrote; film received five Academy Award nominations including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay
1975:
Formed Industrial Light & Magic, a special effects subsidiary of Lucasfilm
1977:
Third and last directing assignment before taking a 20 year sabbatical, "Star Wars"; film earned 11 Academy Award nominations including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay
1980:
Formed Sprocket Systems Inc., a research and post-production company
:
Split off the non-filmmaking divisions of Lucasfilm (including ILM, a computer game division and a theater sound systems group) and named it LucasArts
1981:
Wrote (also executive produced) the story for "Raiders of the Lost Ark"; first collaboration with director Steven Spielberg
1984:
Re-teamed with Spielberg for "Indian Jones and the Temple of Doom"; once again wrote and executive produced
1989:
Completed trilogy with Spielberg, "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade"; also provided story and executive producer
1990:
Formed The George Lucas Educational Foundation, which provided computer-based technologies for schools
1992:
Created (also executive produced) the ABC series, "The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles"
1994:
Began writing the three Star Wars prequels, leaving the day-to-day operations of his filmmaking business
1997:
Re-released a digitally enhanced "Star Wars" trilogy
1999:
Executive produced the Family Channel's "The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones"
1999:
Returned to directing, releasing the first of the three planned prequels "Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace"
2002:
Directed the fifth film in the saga "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones"; first feature to be shot completely on a high definition digital 24-frame system
2005:
Wrote and directed the sixth and final film released in the Star Wars saga "Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith"
2008:
Produced the fourth installment of the adventure series, "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull"; re-teamed with Steven Spielberg who directed
2008:
Produced the 3-D animated movie "Star Wars: The Clone Wars"
2012:
Executive produced the WWII drama "Red Tails" about a crew of African American pilots in the Tuskegee training program
2012:
Ten months after announcing retirement, sold Lucasfilm, Ltd. to Disney for $4.05 billion; retained as "creative consultant" for newly announced "Star Wars" films
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Downey High School: Downey , California - 1962
Modesto Junior College: Modesto , California - 1964
University of Southern California: Los Angeles , California - 1967

Notes

The WEB address for the George Lucas Educational Foundation, established in 1991, is www.glef.org

Lucas won a Special Hugo Award for Science Fiction Achievement, World Science Fiction Society.

"Star Wars" was voted Best Picture of 1977 by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association.

He received an honorary doctorate from USC on May 6, 1994

In 1999, Lucas donated $1.5 million to USC to fund a digital studio to be named in honor of the late Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa.

"You can type this shit, George, but you sure can't say it." --Harrison Ford commenting to Lucas on the quality of his dialogue

"George Lucas was always the star of the student film festivals then [the 60s]. You'd look through a lot of stuff and fall asleep. But George's films would come on, and they'd be polished and professional, and you'd wonder what in hell he was doing in college." --Steven Spielberg, quoted in "World Film Directors", Volume Two

"My father provided me with a lot of business principles--a small-town retail-business ethic, and I guess I learned it. It's sort of ironic, because I swore when I was a kid I'd never do what he did. At eighteen, we had this big break, when he wanted me to go into the business and I refused, and I told him, 'There are two things I know for sure. One is that I will end up doing something with cars, whether I'm a racer, a mechanic, or whatever, and, two, that I will never be president of a company.' I guess I got outwitted." --George Lucas quoted by THE NEW YORKER, January 6, 1997

"People say my movies are just like Hollywood movies. And I say, 'I can't help it if Hollywood copies.'"-Lucas quoted in 1999 Premiere October 2, 2002

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Marcia Lucas. Editor. Born c. 1945; married in 1969; divorced in 1983; worked on "American Graffiti" and won Oscar for editing "Star Wars".
companion:
Linda Ronstadt. Singer. No longer together.

Family close complete family listing

father:
George Walton Lucas Sr. Stationery store operator. Born on August 10. 1913; died on December 17, 1991 in a nursing home in Modesto, California where he had lived since the early 1980s, suffering from Alzheimer's disease; had operated the L M Morris Company stationery store in downtown Modesto; in 1956 became the first copy machine supplier in the Modesto and Stockton areas.
mother:
Dorothy Lucas. Born on September 7, 1913; died on March 10, 1989.
sister:
Ann Lucas. Born on October 2, 1934.
sister:
Kathleen Lucas. Born on April 6, 1936.
sister:
Wendy Lucas. Born on January 29, 1947.
daughter:
Amanda Lucas. Born July 1981; adopted with Marcia Lucas.
daughter:
Katie Lucas. Adopted; born c. 1988.
son:
Jett Lucas. Adopted; born c. 1993.
VIEW COMPLETE FAMILY LISTING

Bibliography close complete biography

"Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas"
"Shadow Moon" Bantam Books
"Shadow Dawn" Bantam Books
"George Lucas: The Creative Impulse: Lucasfilm's First Twenty Years" Harry N. Abrams Inc.
"Mythmaker: The Life and Work of George Lucas" Spike
VIEW COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY

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