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|Also Known As:||Died:||July 12, 1988|
|Born:||October 5, 1908||Cause of Death:||supranuclear palsy|
|Birth Place:||Texarkana, Texas, USA||Profession:||Director ...|
RATE AND COMMENT
Saw first professional play, "Everywoman", in Shreveport, LA; a case of "love at first sight" (date approximate)
Saw first Broadway play, "What Price Glory?"
Entered Princeton University; became president of Triangle Theatre Club in senior year
While at Princeton, co-wrote and acted in annual reviews "Zuyder Zee" (1928), "The Golden Dog" (1929) and "The Tiger Smiles" (1930); also played football and boxed
With Bretaigne Windust, co-founded the University Players, an intercollegiate summer stock company (in Cape Cod) whose members included Henry Fonda, Margaret Sullavan and James Stewart
Won scholarship to study with Stanislavski at Moscow Arts Theatre
Returned from Russia and joined University Players for repertory season in Baltimore; directed "Mary Rose" and "Lysistrata"
Broadway debut as actor in role of Mart Strong in University Player's "Carry Nation" at Biltmore Theatre; a financial disaster, it led to company's disbandment
Acted in Broadway production "I Was Waiting for You", directed by Windust
Was sixth assistant stage manager on Broadway's "She Loves Me Not"; rapidly rose to first assistant stage manager on various productions
Broadway debut as director, "To See Ourselves"
Went to Hollywood as dialogue director under contract to David O Selznick
Returned to New York and acted in revival of "What Price Glory?"
Returned to Hollywood as dialogue director at the urging of Charles Boyer; signed to a contract by Walter Wanger
Wanger contract not renewed
Co-directed with Arthur Ripley the film "I Met My Love Again"
Directed "On Borrowed Time" which ran for more than a year at Broadway's Longacre Theatre
Followed initial Broadway success with direction of the Rodgers and Hart hit "I Married an Angel"
Married actress Barbara O'Neil; divorced in 1940
Suffered first nervous breakdown, hospitalized for nearly a year
Drafted into Army and served as public relations and intelligence officer; provided "additional direction" for Irving Berlin's review "This is the Army"
Married actress Nedda Harrigan
Directed Irving Berlin's "Annie Get Your Gun" on Broadway
Wrote (with Thomas Heggen) and directed "Mister Roberts"; production staged in London in 1950
Was co-author, co-producer and director of Rodgers and Hammerstein's "South Pacific"; won Pulitzer Prize
Salvaged the musical "Wish You Were Here" which he had co-authored, co-produced and directed by writing 54 pages of new material after its undistinguished opening; by the ninth performance, it was a new show that would sell out and remain so for two years
Second breakdown required hospitalization
Directed Broadway production of William Inge's "Picnic"
Co-authored, co-produced and directed "Fanny"
Directed film version of "Picnic"
Helmed featured adaptation of Inge's "Bus Stop"
Directed "Sayonara"; film earned Oscars for co-stars Red Buttons and Miyoshi Umeki
Helmed the feature version of the musical "South Pacific"
Directed Jane Fonda in "Tall Story"
Produced and directed film version of stage musical "Fanny"
Directed and produced "Ensign Pulver", a sequel to "Mister Roberts"; also co-wrote screenplay with Peter S Feibleman
Guided Richard Harris, Vanessa Redgrave and Franco Nero in the screen version of the musical "Camelot"
Final feature, "Paint Your Wagon"
Published autobiography "Josh: My Up and Down, In and Out Life"
Published "Movie Stars, Real People and Me", a collection of anecdotes about his life in the theater
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