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|Also Known As:||Mikhail Anatol Litvak||Died:||December 15, 1974|
|Born:||May 10, 1902||Cause of Death:|
|Birth Place:||Ukraine||Profession:||Director ... director screenwriter set decorator assistant director stagehand editor assistant director actor|
Began his film career at Leningrad's Nordkino studios in 1923, moved to Germany in 1925 and began directing for UFA in 1930. Following the international success of the French production, "Mayerling" (1936), Litvak moved to the US where he signed with Warner Bros. in 1937. He earned a reputation as a capable handler of urban dramas ("City for Conquest" 1940, "Blues in the Night" 1941, "Sorry, Wrong Number" 1948) and received critical acclaim for "The Snake Pit" (1948), a harrowing, realistic account of life in a mental institution. Litvak's post-1950s work--all European--consisted primarily of glossy, somewhat turgid star vehicles. He was married to actress Miriam Hopkins (from 1937 to 1939) and costume designer Sophie Steur, who worked on some of his films.
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