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Francis Lederer

Francis Lederer

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Also Known As: Frantisek Lederer, Franz Lederer Died: May 25, 2000
Born: November 6, 1899 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Profession: actor, stage manager, propman, acting teacher, prompter, shop window decorator, salesman

Biography CLOSE THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

This dark, wide-eyed, stunningly handsome international lead of stage and screen in the 1920s and 30s later created an interesting gallery of offbeat character roles. Francis Lederer began his career as a theatrical apprentice in his native Prague after WWI service and eventually enjoyed considerable success acting in a number of theaters in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria and Germany. His work included a turn as Romeo in a production of "Romeo and Juliet" staged by the legendary Max Reinhardt. Lederer, initially known as Franz in his European films, made his mark in G.W. Pabst's famous "Pandora's Box" (1928) as a young man who, along with his father, becomes obsessed with the alluring and hedonistic femme fatale Lulu (Louise Brooks). Dashingly garbed in military costume, he also did quite well in the lush and poignant romantic drama "The Wonderful Lie of Nina Petrovna" (1929).Lederer later moved on to stage success in London ("Volpone" 1931, "Autumn Crocus" 1932) and then the United States (again with "Autumn Crocus" and also "The Cat and the Fiddle" 1932). He began making films in Hollywood in 1934, but despite giving light, charming performances in such highly enjoyable confections as "Romance in...

This dark, wide-eyed, stunningly handsome international lead of stage and screen in the 1920s and 30s later created an interesting gallery of offbeat character roles. Francis Lederer began his career as a theatrical apprentice in his native Prague after WWI service and eventually enjoyed considerable success acting in a number of theaters in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria and Germany. His work included a turn as Romeo in a production of "Romeo and Juliet" staged by the legendary Max Reinhardt. Lederer, initially known as Franz in his European films, made his mark in G.W. Pabst's famous "Pandora's Box" (1928) as a young man who, along with his father, becomes obsessed with the alluring and hedonistic femme fatale Lulu (Louise Brooks). Dashingly garbed in military costume, he also did quite well in the lush and poignant romantic drama "The Wonderful Lie of Nina Petrovna" (1929).

Lederer later moved on to stage success in London ("Volpone" 1931, "Autumn Crocus" 1932) and then the United States (again with "Autumn Crocus" and also "The Cat and the Fiddle" 1932). He began making films in Hollywood in 1934, but despite giving light, charming performances in such highly enjoyable confections as "Romance in Manhattan" (1934, opposite Ginger Rogers) and "The Gay Deception" (1935, opposite Frances Dee) didn't quite catch on as an American star. Several of his films toplined the newcomer without the box-office benefit of an established female star opposite him; also, in the increasingly xenophobic and isolationist American culture of the later Depression and early WWII years, it became harder for obviously "foreign" actors, especially those with a certain Continental charm, to make it as film stars.

Lederer continued played leading roles on and off during his film career, which lasted several more decades, but beginning in the late 30s also essayed many character roles, often villainous in nature. During the war years he portrayed Nazis in films like "Confessions of a Nazi Spy" (1939) and in the title role of "The Man I Married" (1940), as the fascist to whom Joan Bennett finds herself wed. One important exception, though, and a most enjoyable throwback to Lederer's matinee idol days, was his highly ingratiating turn as a lady-killer playboy whom Claudette Colbert attracts in order to aid John Barrymore in the masterful Billy Wilder-scripted, Mitchell Leisen-directed "Midnight" (1939). Lederer had kept busy during the 1930s in stage productions outside of New York of works ranging from "Golden Boy" (1937) to "Seventh Heaven" and "No Time for Comedy" (1939) and through the 40s seemed to prefer the wider span of roles he could essay in the theater, touring in "The Play's the Thing" (1942) and "A Doll's House" (1944).

Lederer kept returning to films through the late 50s, however, when a fluffy comedy like "The Ambassador's Daughter" (1956) needed someone tall and classy to play a prince. Some of his most interesting work, though, called on him to bring a flamboyant intensity and menace to films including Jean Renoir's bizarre and fascinating version of the downbeat satirical drama "Diary of a Chambermaid" (1946) and even a pair of modestly budgeted and lower key but still worthy horror items like "The Return of Dracula" (1958, in the title role) and "Terror Is a Man" (1959), the latter his last major film work. Theater work on tour, meanwhile, ranged from "The Sleeping Prince" (1956) to the heroine's father in "The Diary of Anne Frank" (1958).

Lederer was later extremely active in civic affairs, promoting academies for the performing arts, teaching acting and becoming involved in peace movements. He served for a time as Honorary Mayor of Canoga Park, California, where he had made his home, and received many awards for his work in beautifying Los Angeles and serving as Recreation and Parks Commissioner. Lederer occasionally turned up at film festival and museum screenings of his films and in documentaries exploring the work of G.W. Pabst and Louise Brooks. Even as he approached the age of 100, he was still a gracious, vigorous and well-spoken presence carrying plenty of Continental charm from his early stage days as a heartthrob with sensitivity and talent to spare.

VIEW THE FULL BIOGRAPHY

Filmographyclose complete filmography

CAST: (feature film)

1.
 Other Eye, The (1991)
2.
 Terror Is a Man (1959) Dr. Charles Girard
3.
 Maracaibo (1958) Miguel Orlando
4.
 The Return of Dracula (1958) Belak Gordal, assumed name of the vampire
5.
 Lisbon (1956) Serafim
6.
 The Ambassador's Daughter (1956) Prince Nicholas Obelski
7.
 Stolen Identity (1953) Claude Manelli
8.
 Surrender (1950) Henry Vaan
9.
 Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950) Baron Rocco de Greffi
10.
 A Woman of Distinction (1950) Paul Simone
VIEW THE FULL FILMOGRAPHY

Milestones close milestones

:
Served with the Czechoslovakian artillery during WWI while still a teenager; attained rank of corporal
1919:
Began stage career as a teenager in his native Prague; made stage debut with a walk-on in "Burning Heart" while an apprentice with the New German Theater
:
Became a matinee idol on the stage in Vienna, Berlin and other European cities in the 1920s; played Romeo in a Max Reinhardt production of "Romeo and Juliet"
:
Earliest films included the German-made "Pandora's Box" and "The Wonderful Lie of Nina Petrovna" and the French "Maman Colibri"
1931:
London stage debut, "My Sister and I"
1932:
Moved to the USA
1932:
Had a success with Broadway debut in "Autumn Crocus"; later reprised role in Los Angeles production
:
US feature debut, "Man of Two Worlds" (shot in 1933, released in early 1934)
1939:
Succeeded Laurence Olivier in the leading male role of the popular Broadway comedy "No Time for Comedy"
1941:
Last film for several years, "Puddin' Head"; focused primarily on stage tours in the USA for several years
1944:
Returned to films with "Voice in the Wind"
1950:
Last film for six years, "Surrender"
1956:
Returned to film work with "Lisbon" and "The Ambassador's Daughter"
1959:
Last major film work, "Terror Is a Man"
1973:
Was one of the founders of the American National Academy of Performing Arts in Los Angeles
1975:
Was one of the founders of the International Academy of Performing Arts in Washington, DC
1991:
Appeared as an interviewee in the compilation documentary, "The Other Eye/Der Andere Blick," an examination of the life and career of director G.W. Pabst
1998:
Appeared as an interviewee in the documentary, "Louise Brooks: Looking for Lulu," focusing on his leading lady from "Pandora's Box"; made for TV for Turner Classic Movies (TCM)
VIEW ALL MILESTONES

Education

Academy of Music and Dramatic Arts: -
New German Theater: -
Actors Studio: New York , New York -

Notes

In 2000, Lederer was awarded the Cross of Honor for Science and Arts, First Class by the Austrian government.

Companions close complete companion listing

wife:
Ada Nejedly. Divorced.
wife:
Margo. Actor, singer, dancer. Married in 1937; divorced in 1940; later married Eddie Albert.
wife:
Marion Irvine. Served as Commissioner of Cultural Affairs, Los Angeles, California; married on July 10, 1941; survived him.

Family close complete family listing

father:
Josef Lederer. Leather merchant.
mother:
Rose Lederer.

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