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|Also Known As:||Stanley Earl Kramer,Stanley E Kramer||Died:||February 19, 2001|
|Born:||September 29, 1913||Cause of Death:||pneumonia and complications from diabetes|
|Birth Place:||New York City, New York, USA||Profession:||Producer ... producer director radio writer editor carpenter scenery mover screenwriter researcher editing assistant|
Stanley Kramer made his reputation during the 1950s and 60s as one of the few producers and directors willing to tackle issues most studios sought to avoid, such as racism, the Holocaust and nuclear annihilation. He came to Hollywood an aspiring writer and hooked on with MGM, working first as a scenery mover and carpenter and then in their research department before spending three years there as an editor. He wrote for radio as well as for Columbia and Republic Studios for awhile, but it was as a strong-willed independent producer that Kramer would finally make his mark. Though his first feature ("So This Is New York", 1948) flopped, he hit his stride with his next one, the intense and exciting anti-boxing pic "Champion" (1949), which propelled Kirk Douglas to stardom and launched Mark Robson's career as an important director.
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