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Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Erich Wolfgang Korngold

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Also Known As: Died: November 29, 1957
Born: May 29, 1897 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Profession: composer, conductor

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Renowned musical prodigy and classical composer who scored theatrical productions for Max Reinhardt before beginning his brief but memorable film career. In the US from the late 1920s, Korngold worked almost exclusively for Warner Bros. His rich, intricate compositions for films such as "Anthony Adverse" (1936) and "King's Row" (1941) were an important influence on the development of the Hollywood score.

Renowned musical prodigy and classical composer who scored theatrical productions for Max Reinhardt before beginning his brief but memorable film career. In the US from the late 1920s, Korngold worked almost exclusively for Warner Bros. His rich, intricate compositions for films such as "Anthony Adverse" (1936) and "King's Row" (1941) were an important influence on the development of the Hollywood score.

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CAST: (feature film)

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Milestones close milestones

1901:
Moved to Vienna
:
Recognized as child prodigy
1907:
Composed cantata "Gold"
1908:
Scored ballet "Der Schneeman"
1919:
Conductor at the Hamburg Opera House
1929:
First collaboration with Max Rheinhardt
1934:
Worked on Rheinhardt's "A Midsummer Night's Dream" stage production in Hollywood
:
Lived in Vienna
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Notes

Despite providing the score for "Anthony Adverse", when the film was cited at the 1937 Academy Awards, Korngold did not receive the Oscar. Between 1934 and 1937, the award was bestowed on the studio's music department.

One of six motion picture composers honored with a postage stamp in 1999

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father:
Julius Korngold. Music critic.
son:
George W Korngold. Record producer. Born in Vienna in 1928; died in November 1987.

Contributions

albatros1 ( 2007-08-23 )

Source: Wikipedia the internet encyclopedia

Born in an assimilated Jewish home in Brno, Austria-Hungary (now the Czech Republic), Erich was the son of the music critic Julius Korngold. He studied music under Alexander von Zemlinsky and Robert Fuchs. Mahler, upon meeting the young Erich, called him a "musical genius." Richard Strauss also spoke very highly of the youth. During his early years Korngold also made live-recording player piano music rolls for the Aeolian Duo-Art system, all of which survive today and can be heard. He had success in Europe with his opera Die tote Stadt (1920), among other pieces, before moving in 1934 to the United States. There he composed a number of film scores that have been recognized ever since as classics of their kind, beginning with an adaptation of Felix Mendelssohn's incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream for the 1935 Max Reinhart production of the Shakespeare comedy for Warner Brothers; this was followed by his first original film score, for Captain Blood with Errol Flynn. For the rest of his life he continued to write concert music in a rich, chromatic late Romantic style, with the Violin Concerto among his notable later works. In 1938, Korngold was conducting opera in Austria when he was asked by Warner Bros. to come back to Hollywood and compose a score for their new (and very expensive) film The Adventures of Robin Hood starring Errol Flynn. He agreed and returned by ship. Shortly after he arrived in California, the Anschluss took place and the condition of Jews in Austria became very perilous. Korngold later would say the film score of The Adventures of Robin Hood saved his life. (See the Robin Hood Collectors Edition on DVD for details). In 1943, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Korngold quit writing original film scores after 1946. His final score at Warner Bros. was Deception starring Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, and Claude Rains. However, he was asked by Republic Pictures to adapt the music of Richard Wagner for a film biography of Wagner, released in Trucolor, as Magic Fire (1955), directed by William Dieterle from a script by Ewald Andre Dupont. Korngold also wrote some original music for the film and had an unbilled cameo as the conductor Hans Richter. Korngold died in Hollywood on November 29, 1957. Legacy Despite his achievements and considerable popularity with the musical public, Korngold for years attracted almost no positive critical attention, but considerable critical disdain. Then, in 1972, RCA Victor released an LP titled The Sea Hawk, featuring excerpts from Korngold's film scores performed by the National Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Charles Gerhardt and supervised by the composer's son George. This was followed by recordings of Korngold's operas and concert works, which led to performances of his symphony and concertos, as well as other compositions. Further recognition came in the 1990s two full-scale biographies of him appeared almost simultaneously. One is Jessica Duchen, Erich Wolfgang Korngold (Phaidon Press, 20th Century Composers series, 1996). The other is Brendan G. Carroll, Erich Korngold: The Last Prodigy (Amadeus Press, 1997). Carroll is President of the International Korngold Society

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