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During the Golden Age of cartoons, it was common for animators to caricature movie stars or to parody certain movie genres, but it was uncommon for cartoons to feature full-blown parodies of specific movies. In 1946 Warner Bros. released Bacall to Arms. In it a group of cartoon animals find their seats in a movie theater, including a raucous wolf, and watch To Have and Have Not starring Bogey GoCart and Laurie BeCool. The wolf has particular troubles keeping his cool while watching the sultry BeCool character. There is not a director credited, because it is an awkward amalgam of two cartoons. Much of the movie theater audience material was lifted from a 1937 Friz Freleng cartoon called She Was an Acrobat's Daughter. The other material was new and was directed by the great Bob Clampett. The animators were clearly inspired by Lauren Bacall's performance in To Have and Have Not - when the cartoon Bacall walks across the screen, she leaves fiery footprints. Certain specific lines and situations from the film are parodied. When Bogey and Bacall kiss, Bogey asks afterward "What did you do that for?" A young duck in the audience enthusiastically squeals to his father, "I know why, Daddy! I know why!" The Bacall character delivers the famous line "You know how to whistle, don't you?" and proceeds to give a wildly exaggerated New York-style taxi whistle, fingers in mouth. The animator for this shot was probably Clampett mainstay Rod Scribner. Screen and theater characters intersect at the end of the cartoon, as Bacall throws a cigarette off screen and the wolf grabs it. Bogey shoots the wolf dead and retrieves the butt. It explodes, however, leaving him in Rochester-style blackface. He then proclaims, "My, oh my! I can work for Mr. Benny now!"

To Have and Have Not contains three songs: "How Little We Know" by Hoagy Carmichael and Johnny Mercer, "Hong Kong Blues" by Carmichael and Stanley Adams, and "Am I Blue?" by Harry Akst and Grant Clarke.

While To Have and Have Not escaped being excerpted in Carl Reiner's 1982 film noir spoof Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid, it nevertheless got referenced in the film's dialogue: at one point sultry Juliet Forrest (Rachel Ward) says to Rigby Reardon (Steve Martin), "If you need me, just call. You know how to dial, don't you? You just put your finger in the hole and make tiny little circles."

To Have and Have Not was remade in 1950 as The Breaking Point, starring John Garfield as Harry Morgan. It was directed by Michael Curtiz. In 1958, the Hemingway source material was used for yet another film version - The Gun Runners, directed by Don Siegel and starring Audie Murphy as a charter boat skipper named Sam Martin.

by John Miller




















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