The enduring appeal of Wuthering Heights
is evident in the fact that it's been filmed so many times in so many countries and languages:
- a silent version in 1920
- it was adapted by Luis Bunuel for the Mexican high chaparral as Abismos de Pasion
- American International produced a version with Timothy Dalton as Heathcliff and Anna Calder-Marshall as Cathy in 1970
(1985) was a version by French director Jacques Rivette
- a Philippine version, Hihimtayin kita sa langit (I'll Wait for You in Heaven)
(1991), a Japanese one, Arashi ga oka
, 1988), and a 1955 Egyptian production
- A British made for TV adaptation with Ralph Fiennes and Juliette Binoche as the immortal lovers in 1992
- Other TV versions, include a 1950 version with Charlton Heston, in 1958 with Richard Burton and Rosemary Harris, a 1962 BBC version with Claire Bloom as Cathy, and a 1998 British production aired on Masterpiece Theatre
that covered more of Bronte's book than the film adaptations. Among the other TV Heathcliffs have been Richard Boone and Tom Tryon
- Bronte's novel has also been produced as a TV series or mini-series, including two in 1967 (Brazil and Britain), 1973 (Brazil), 1978 (Britain), and 1979 (Mexico).
News reports noted that in the months following the film's 1939 release, one out of three newborn girls were named Cathy after the picture¿ heroine.
Warner Brothers made a film biography of the Bronte literary family, Devotion
(1946), with Ida Lupino as Emily, Olivia de Havilland as Charlotte, Arthur Kennedy as dissipated brother Branwell, and Nancy Coleman as little-known sister Anne.
A fictionalized account of Merle Oberon's discovery and rise to stardom was made into a TV movie, Queenie
(1987), with Mia Sara in the Oberon-based title role.
by Rob Nixon